Containers for growing seedlings are quite varied in material, shape, quality and size. To choose the right container with the greatest number of positive qualities, you need to familiarize yourself with the most popular and demanded options, or rather, with their advantages and disadvantages.
Seeding in a box is the oldest method of growing seedlings. It has been used by more than one generation. The box may not only be made of wood. Now plastic, foam and other materials are used for their manufacture. This is the most proven and demanded capacity.
Small individual containers with holes in the bottom were combined into one plastic cassette. These containers are available in various widths and lengths and you can easily choose the size you need. Retail chains offer a wide range of plastic cassettes. All that is required from the gardener is to fill the containers with the necessary soil mixture and plant the prepared seeds.
This type of seedling container is very popular with gardeners and gardeners who have switched to organic farming. Peat cups are an environmentally friendly material that does not pollute nature, but rather fertilizes and nourishes it. Experienced summer residents recommend not using this type of container for sowing seeds. It is much more useful to plant seedlings in peat glasses after diving.
The tablets are composed of crushed peat and several nutrients. This mixture, in a compressed form, was placed in a special mesh casing. The round shape resembles a large tablet with a depression in the middle. For such tablets, you will need a special box made of waterproof material, into which they need to be decomposed and filled with a small amount of water. After a while, the tablets will absorb water and increase in size several times. One tablet is used to plant one seed.
Trading networks offer a huge selection of disposable food plastic cups, as well as special cups for seedlings of various sizes. For planting seeds, it is recommended to use containers with a volume of about 100 milliliters. And for plants after picking, it is advisable to purchase glasses with a volume of 500 milliliters.
A small container for seedlings made of thick cardboard is easily made from boxes of milk, kefir, sour cream, etc. by cutting off its top. It is enough to pierce the drainage holes in the bottom and fill the container with the soil mixture. Seeds and seedlings can be planted in such a container. You only need to take care of the pallet.
The benefits of plastic cups have already been discussed above, but now they are obtained almost free of charge. Small glasses, which are good for planting seeds, remain after various yoghurts, and larger ones (for planting and growing seedlings) after sour cream.
Such large containers are good to use directly for growing large seedlings. They can be filled with not only earth, but also a good drainage layer.
You will need regular newspapers to make them. If you have at least a small supply of this material, then use this technique popular in the West.
A double layer of newspaper should be wrapped several times around the can or bottle. For the bottom, you need to leave a small allowance at the bottom. The edge can be fastened with a paper clip or a stapler, and the bottom can be gently bent to the middle. A glass of newspaper is ready to eat.
For each type of seedlings, you can use various containers and newspapers to build glasses of different sizes (in terms of volume, diameter, depth).
The role of a container for growing seedlings and planting seeds can be played by various household waste, which, at first glance, are absolutely useless - these are cardboard tubes from rolls of toilet paper, the lower part of plastic bottles (from juices, water and other drinks), plastic boxes with lids, etc. even eggshells.
Resourceful summer residents and gardeners have long been using plastic bottles for breeding various crops. They have learned to use not only the bottoms of the bottles, but also successfully use the upper cylinders, which also serve as an individual container. For such bottomless cups, it is enough to put a pallet and it will become a full-fledged pot for plants.
Many families consume large quantities of juices in cartons. Such containers can also be useful, they should not be thrown away before sowing seeds.
A large number of perishable food items are sold in individual plastic containers with lids. Such containers are well suited for growing berry seedlings, and the lid will become a real pallet.
And another unusual and useful way is to plant seeds in egg shells. Sprouted seedlings are planted on the beds directly in such a shell, previously slightly crushed. The shell will be an excellent soil fertilizer.
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Home »Seasonal work» Seeds, seedlings »Cups for seedlings with their own hands from newspaper and film, master class
Banana skins help the seedlings grow strong and beautiful. This is due to its rich chemical composition. Many people know that these fruits contain a lot of potassium, but in addition to this element, the composition also contains a whole range of useful minerals and vitamins. Moreover, banana peels contain much more of them than pulp. But a person is unlikely to gnaw the skins, but the plants will definitely like them.
As a result of rotting of the peel, the following enters the soil:
And, in addition, there is some nitrogen in the peel.
From the use of ordinary banana peel, you can get exuberant flowering and plant growth, as well as subsequently increase the number and size of fruits several times. The hand will not rise to throw such a valuable product away from any gardener, except into a compost pit.
Growth hormone present in the membrane also contributes to the violent development. Because the fruits are picked far from ripe in order to take them to the place of sale and not lose profit from the sale - they are treated with a special solution for ripening by the time of sale. Thanks to this, banana peels are ideal for seedlings that need constant high-grade vitamin nutrition. Seeds in soil fertilized with skins germinate faster, seedlings root well and develop fully.
Sometimes the need for a pick arises suddenly and they resort to it as a forced measure, since it helps to solve many problems.
Plants are transplanted into individual containers in the following cases:
- to grow seedlings with developed lateral roots
- if the seeds were in common containers
- if the number of seedlings exceeds the planned volume - this way you can immediately select the strongest plants
- if among the seedlings appear plants infected with a fungus
- if you need to slightly slow down the development of plants in order to prevent their overgrowth.
Rare seed picks up a pick well. It is prohibited for some seedlings - pumpkin seedlings and taproot plants. It is better to grow such crops immediately in individual containers.
Picking requires a competent approach in order to achieve maximum effect.
Very popular seedling containers are plastic cups and pots. Summer residents use both pots specially designed for seedlings and ordinary disposable cups that are used in the food industry.
If we compare plastic slides and food cups with each other, then the former are better because they have ready-made drainage holes (and they still need to be made in disposable dishes). The square shape is another plus: square containers are placed on the windowsill more compactly than round ones, there is less free space between them. But they lose in price: disposable tableware is cheaper than specialized containers.And it is easier to fill round cups with earth and extract plants from them than from square ones.
Growing cucumbers using the seedling method has its advantages:
These disadvantages of the method are easily minimized, since minimal maintenance is required, conditions are easy to create in the apartment.
To avoid picking, the seeds are placed immediately in large containers. The adaptation will be facilitated by sowing in peat tablets or pots.
Peat pots are an excellent tool for growing both vegetables and flowers from seeds. And when transplanted into the ground, they reduce the stress that the plant receives. This allows for greater germination and yield.
This technology can be especially useful for breeding exotic or expensive plant species - pineapple, coffee tree, mango, murraya. And also less exotic: lemon, date, persimmon and others.
Peat itself is an ideal and environmentally friendly breeding ground for plants. Especially when compared to plastic or ceramics. A properly prepared cup does not contain weed seeds or pathogens.
However, you need to choose the right type of pot and the manufacturer. In particular, the wall thickness must be taken into account. It should be within 1-1.5 mm. This thickness allows you to maintain strength during cultivation and allows roots to develop during transplantation. Sometimes mineral fertilizers, anti-mold agents or other components are specially added to the material.
Before use, such cups can be stored in dry, ventilated rooms for a sufficiently long time, up to 2 years. The substance from which the pots are made does not contain elements hazardous to human or domestic animal health. Basically, this is peat with the addition of cellulose - cardboard or wood (for strength). Although the use of such components in food is still not recommended.
The current gardener is a happy person. Everything for him is planting material, tools, and fertilizers. What is not available in specialized stores.
However, one thing is definitely not there - the ideal container for seedlings. I speak with full responsibility, as a person who has long been engaged in the cultivation of all kinds of plants, and a descendant of the same "crazy" farmers.
Each type of seedling container has its own pros and cons. I will tell you about them, based on my experience, and also try to name a container that, in terms of its characteristics, approaches the cherished ideal.
In the article, I will consider only those containers in which you can grow plants one at a time - glasses, pots, and the like.
as well as pots, boxes, bags that can be made from film, cardboard, paper and other materials at hand. Cut-off bottles and tetrapacks - here too.
A plus (the only one) is that it's free or almost free.
Minuses : you need to spend time, effort and nerves to manufacture. Almost always, such a container is disposable, because it gets soaked, dirty, and torn.
All kinds of plastic jars - cups.
Pros: free of charge (more precisely, we have already paid for this container along with the contents). You don't need to tinker anything. Stable, fairly strong containers.
Minuses: fuss with washing, storage. The container can turn out to be of different sizes, which is not always convenient when growing plants.
pros : a very cheap product. Sold everywhere. If the glass is transparent, the root system develops better in it.
Minuses: not the most durable material. It is necessary to make drainage holes in the bottom. For me personally, the main disadvantage of plastic glasses is their instability. The glass itself is high, the bottom is small, so it easily turns over.
Note: The 200-ml cups popular with us are not suitable for growing seedlings of tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, petunias. These large plants need to be allocated an "apartment" with a volume of at least 300, and preferably 500 ml.
50 ml cups are ideal for cutting plants at home. I cut petunia and calibrachoa in them.
Special plastic pots
The first contender for the title of the ideal seedling container.
Pros: fairly durable containers that can be used for more than one year. The shape of the pots is designed with the structure of the plants in mind, so they develop well. Resistant. It is convenient to work: rearrange, fill in soil, store, wash, knock out seedlings during transplanting, water, etc. Pre-fabricated drain holes are provided. There are many types of pots, differing in shape, color, volume, material quality.
Minuses : pots are not free, the highest quality and strongest can seem expensive.
Note: the most convenient to use are square pots. Unlike round ones, they allow more rational use of the area allocated for seedlings.
Peat and paper pots
Pros: if the pots are of high quality, the seedlings are planted with them without removing them.
Minuses: these pots are mostly imported and expensive. It's easier to buy them over the Internet. Manufacturers often offer so-called paper pots (made from compressed recycled paper), although they can also be called peat pots. But these products are not of high quality, do not get wet in the soil, and interfere with the root system.
Another type of packaging approaching the ideal. But there are nuances here.
Pros: in terms of one cell of the cassette is very inexpensive. On sale you can find cassettes for a different number of cells - from 4 to 256. Plants, hitting the same conditions, are aligned. It is convenient to plant, transfer, fill soil, water, etc. Working with a cassette is a pleasure.
Minuses: it is not always possible to find a cassette for the number of cells you need in a regular store. The cassettes are designed for the mass cultivation of seedlings, this is mostly the lot of professionals. They break after 2-3 cycles of use, although the service life depends on the quality of the plastic. Requires quite a lot of storage space.
For several years in a row, I have been using them to grow ampel petunia seedlings - a great inexpensive option.
pros : are cheaper than pots. Made from thick, durable film. Packages serve me more than one year - no less than pots. When folded, they take up a minimum of space. If you get the hang of it, it is convenient to work. You can buy bags of different sizes - from small (for tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers) to very large - for large plants such as roses and shrubs.
Minuses: may be unstable. As a rule, they do not turn over, the earth does not spill out, but for greater confidence, you can make packages with seedlings in a pallet with high sides.
Note: the shape of the expanded package is such that the soil does not always fill the entire volume tightly - voids may form in the corners. When pouring, you need to shake, knock on the table, knead the soil with your hands, and then plant the plant.
Oh, how I love these little clay shards! After all, I started to deal with flowers in those days when greenhouse farms were using them with might and main to grow pelargoniums, marigolds, primroses and other beauty.
Pros: the safest, most environmentally friendly, useful container for plants. In fact, clay is earth. A porous material that regulates soil moisture.
Minuses: because of them, clay pots were no longer used as technical containers. Heavy and pounding. That says it all.
An innovation in the market for goods for gardeners is a bag made of a material that allows you to grow seedlings, but dissolves after planting in the ground.
pros : very cheap packaging. The bags are weightless and take up almost no space when folded.
Minuses: for many gardeners, including me, these containers are absolutely unknown, there is no experience of using them. In the upcoming seedling season, I want to experience this miracle of the modern industry. If you tried, please write in the comments.
For me, the ideal dishes for seedlings are plastic pots and cassettes, the latter I use more and more actively. I also like film bags - especially their price. Biodegradable needs to be dealt with in practice.