A gardener, choosing flowers for growing in the garden, often undeservedly bypasses perennial flax. The fact is that this flower has long been considered an excellent decoration for the house, which, moreover, will be able to protect it. This culture is distinguished by its unpretentiousness, but at the same time it has a relatively high decorative effect, since it has very beautiful flowers. There is an opinion that the flowers of this plant must necessarily be painted blue, but this is far from the case.

Perennial Blue Flax Description

Flax is a herbaceous plant. Often, flax is not very large bushes, the height of which does not exceed 50 centimeters. Despite the fact that the shoots of such a culture are very thin, they are comparatively powerful. The flowers are of various sizes (from very large to small). They can be painted white, bluish or red-pink.

This plant is widely cultivated by gardeners in the middle lane. It feels great in a temperate climate, so it can be found in nature in Africa, North America, and also in some regions of Asia and Europe.

Types and varieties of flax

Among all known types and varieties of flax, the following are most popular with gardeners:

  1. Oilseed... This decorative variety is very often cultivated indoors. Most often, such a plant is grown in order to obtain flax seeds, which are distinguished by their high nutritional value, as well as medicinal properties. As a rule, the bush does not exceed 0.3 meters in height. The flowers are not very large. They can be colored yellow, bluish, or even red.
  2. Decorative... This species is distinguished by its unpretentiousness, so even a person far from gardening can grow it. In addition, you should know that a durable fabric is made from various decorative varieties of flax, which is used for sewing clothes, linen, etc.
  3. Large-flowered... This variety of flax has been grown in mid-latitudes not so long ago. But in this short time, he managed to become one of the most popular varieties among gardeners. The height of a medium-sized bush, as a rule, does not exceed 50 centimeters. The flowers of this variety are very large in size, and they can be painted in a variety of color shades. Such a plant is perennial, if it is provided with favorable conditions for growth, then without transplanting in the same place it can be grown for five years.
  4. Perennial flax... This variety, in comparison with the rest, is the most widespread. Very attractive bushes of such flax are used to decorate borders, flower walls, etc.

Planting flax in open ground

Flax is not very demanding on growing conditions, which greatly facilitates the choice of a suitable place for planting it. However, if you want it to grow and develop within normal limits, then for planting, choose an exclusively open, sunny area, on which no shadow should fall either from shrubs with trees or from various buildings. If there are very few sunny days in your area, then you are unlikely to be able to grow perennial flax.

Also, this plant is undemanding to the composition of the soil. It can be grown in almost any soil except swampy soil. For planting, choose an area with light soil, where the groundwater is relatively deep. Perennial flax can be grown quite successfully on slightly steep slopes.

Sowing seeds of perennial flax varieties is recommended to be carried out in boxes at home. If you live in a region with a relatively mild and warm climate, then you can sow seeds in open soil. It is not recommended to bury them in the ground. Seeds are evenly distributed over the surface of a previously prepared area, and then the crops are moistened with water from a sprinkler. It is possible to sow seeds in open soil both in spring (when the weather is warm and the daytime temperature is about 20 degrees) and in autumn (you need to catch it before the cold weather, while the average daytime air temperature should be at least twenty degrees).

If you are planning to sow perennial flax in open soil, do not forget to take the cold factor into account. Sowing is strictly prohibited on a rainy or damp day. The area with crops must be covered with a not very thick layer of soil, then they are insulated in the same way as most garden flowers.

How to plant flax on your site. Do it yourself 2.

Flax propagation

There are several ways in which flax can be propagated quite successfully. They will be described in more detail below.

Generative (seed) way

You can grow such a flower from seeds in containers. And you can sow seeds directly into open soil, such sowing is carried out in spring or autumn (before winter) time. All you need to do is spread the seeds evenly over the surface of the soil, and then they are simply sprayed with a spray bottle. They should not be buried in the ground. It is possible to sow perennial flax seeds into the soil, if necessary, in the summer.

If you decide to sow seeds in containers, then you should know that grown seedlings cannot be transplanted into open ground, because they get very sick after such a procedure and often die. When the seeds have been sown, the containers are immediately transferred to fresh air.

Dividing the bush

If you grow two-year-old flax on your site, then it can be propagated by dividing the bush. In the middle of spring or in August after the plant has faded, the bush is divided into several parts. The plots should be immediately planted in open soil, keeping a distance of 0.2 m between them. They should be watered regularly and often enough, and protected from direct sunlight.

Blue flax care

If you want flax flowering to be as effective as possible, and he himself grows and develops normally, he will need to provide good, proper care. The features of perennial flax care will be described in detail below.

For normal growth and development, such a flower needs a sufficient amount of water. In this regard, it must be watered systematically. However, make sure that there is no stagnation of water in the soil.

Please note that flax reacts extremely negatively to liquid stagnation in the soil. Depending on the air temperature and rainfall, flax is watered on average 1 or 2 times every 7 days. It is important that the soil under the bushes is slightly moist all the time. After the fall begins, watering is gradually reduced, and then they must be stopped altogether.

It is also necessary to weed in a timely manner, since the thickening of the planting and weeds negatively affect the decorativeness of flax.

Often you will not have to feed perennial flax, which greatly facilitates caring for it. Before proceeding with sowing seeds in open soil, it is necessary to add not a very large amount of organic matter to it, and also add a little potash fertilizer. During the growing season, it is recommended to feed flax at least two more times, while using liquid dressings. It is recommended to feed such flowers only after they have been watered.

The gardener does not have to deal with a bunch of diseases and pests, because flax has a fairly high resistance to them. However, in some cases, a flax flea can settle on the bushes. If you decide to fight it with various folk methods, then keep in mind that they will all be ineffective. Therefore, without wasting time, process the infected bushes with specially designed chemicals.

In order for such a very beautiful and rather unusual flower to grow normally in your garden, as well as to ensure the most spectacular flowering, it should be planted next to only those plants that have a very similar development pattern, and also need the same growing conditions. ...

Linen in landscape design

Perennial blue flax is quite popular among gardeners. Such a flower is recommended for use in a variety of group compositions, for example: in mixborders, rock gardens, flower beds, and also in very picturesque borders.

It has been noticed that flax goes well with those crops that need a lot of sunlight and have a fairly high drought tolerance. Perennial flax has excellent growth when planted on a Moorish lawn. It is recommended to plant it together with such beautiful flowers as marigolds, clovers, daisies, and cornflowers.

Perennial blue flax certainly deserves attention from gardeners. Its advantage is that it is not too picky about growing conditions, it is relatively easy to care for, and this flower is also very beautiful.

Flax cultivation technology

The flax plant has long been successfully grown in Russia for the manufacture of natural fabrics, ropes, ropes, hemp and healing linseed oil, rich in vitamins and microelements. Flax cultivation has been practiced for a long time, the first mention of the cultivation of a crop on the territory of Russia dates back to the 6th century BC. There are many folk songs about delicate blue flowers. This article is all about growing flax.

History of flax growing

Flax has long been planted in Russia for the production of hemp and canvas.

Flax in Russia was grown for domestic consumption, linen fabrics were widely used to make clothes, and linseed oil was used as food. Very soon, Russian merchants set up the supply of flax to European countries, where the high quality of the products was appreciated.

The areas for flax sowing in Russian fields were gradually expanding. During the reign of Peter the Great, the cultivation of flax and its processing acquired industrial dimensions. Weaving manufactories were built to process linen raw materials, which quickly expanded thanks to government orders. The Russian Tsar Peter the First ordered to trade with Europe not raw materials of flax, but finished products, so Russian breeders began to produce ropes, canvas, hemp rope and other products from flax straw and seeds.

The history of the development of the flax industry has seen unprecedented ups and downs, but the culture is still cultivated in the fields of our country for the needs of the medical and light industry.

Flax: botanical reference

Flax seed pods ripen in the middle of summer.

Flax is an annual plant of the Flax family. Culture came to Russia from Asian countries. In nature, flax is widespread in the Mediterranean and Indochina; at present, the plant is widely cultivated in Europe, Asia, North America and North Africa.

Sown flax reaches a height of 150 cm. The bluish-green straight stem of the plant begins to branch in the upper part during the formation of inflorescences. Scarce narrow leaves are arranged along the stem in the form of a spiral, the higher to the crown, the smaller the leaves.

Flax flowers are full of charm - delicate blue folded petals bloom in early summer. During flowering, a flax field resembles a blue sky, such a pure color of wildflowers tuned in to a poetic mood, therefore a huge number of gentle songs were composed about a blossoming flax field.

After flowering, flax stems are crowned with small boxes with lacquered flattened seeds. Usually one box contains about 10 seeds, which are used for plant propagation and preparation of flaxseed oil.

Varieties and varieties

Flax seed has charming flowers of a pale blue tone.

Growing flax on an industrial scale involves the use of several plant varieties:

  • Fiber flax - the height of the stems does not exceed 125 cm. The stem is single, little branches. The flower honor is compact, up to 20 cm high. Flax of this variety ripens in 2-3 months. For industrial production, a stem is used from which linen is made, a fire for the production of building materials. Flax seeds are used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and oils. Flax fiber is used for the production of natural fabrics and is an indispensable raw material for the textile industry.
  • Flax-curly is a low plant with strong branching. The bush reaches a maximum size of 60 cm. The main purpose of this variety of flax is to obtain seeds for oil production. Ripening period - up to 130 days.
  • Len-mezheumok - does not grow higher than 70 cm. The stem is single from below, strong branching begins from the middle part. This type of flax is used mainly for obtaining seeds; short, low-quality fiber is sometimes made from the stems.
  • Creeping flax is a low plant up to 40 cm high. The main purpose of a multi-stem plant is to harvest seeds.
  • Decorative large-flowered flax is an unpretentious annual plant with bright flowers of pink-coral color range. There are plants with white petals. The flower fits perfectly into the general style when planting in mixed flower beds and beds with annuals, is indispensable in the composition of Mauritanian lawns. If you plant large-flowered flax in May, the plants will bloom until autumn. The plant reproduces well by self-sowing, tolerates transplantation well.
  • Perennial flax is used to decorate sunny areas of the garden. The height of perennial plants does not exceed 30-40 cm, so the plants are planted on alpine hills and rockeries. Sky blue flowers look great next to escholzia, aquilegia or lavender among the debris of natural stone. Growing from seeds is not particularly difficult, flax can be sown directly into open ground.

Growing flax in the open field

It is worth noting that flax is a rather unpretentious crop that can grow on poor soil in partial shade and in the sun, but for productive cultivation it is necessary to create optimal conditions for the plant:

  1. Choosing a planting site - for the successful cultivation of a crop, you must choose a sunny place with sandy soil. It is not allowed that the groundwater level on the site comes close to the soil surface. Flax shank roots do not tolerate getting wet.
  2. Sowing dates - to obtain a crop of flax for industrial purposes, the sowing of seeds is carried out in early spring. Seeds are capable of germination at a temperature of + 5-6C, seedlings are able to withstand short-term frosts.
  3. Purity of planting material - when sowing, flax seeds must be free from impurities and weed seeds.
  4. Illumination is the open sun.
  5. Soil composition - sandy soils, sandy loam. Presowing treatment is of particular importance for increasing yields.
  6. Seeding rate - on average, the rate of consumption of flax seeds is 30-35 kg / ha, subject to a high degree of germination of the seed.

Decorative flax varieties (annual and perennial) are unpretentious, plants grow together from seeds when embedded in the soil shallowly. Flowering plants are full of charm, perennial varieties up to 5-6 years old can grow in one place without dividing the bush and replanting.

Varieties and types of perennial geraniums for the garden

More than 300 species of perennial geranium are known. For garden cultivation, about 12 species are used. Thanks to breeding work, varieties were bred that are well adapted to life in the middle lane.


Large-flowered species 40-60 cm high. It blooms with blue-violet flowers in May - June. In autumn, the leaf plates acquire different shades of red.


A compact shrub 30-60 cm high. The leaves are rounded, slightly pubescent, with a diameter of about 10 cm. Basket inflorescences with a diameter of 5 cm bloom on the peduncle. The flowers are purple or blue with red veins. The plant blooms throughout the summer.

Large-rhizome (Balkan)

Low-growing variety up to 30 cm in height. Flowering occurs in May-July. The flowers are white-pink, there are varieties with bright pink or white petals. They can be with terry whisks.


Low-growing bushes up to 15 cm in height. The flowers are small, pale pink, bloom from the second half of July. Leaves with a waxy surface, turn red in autumn.


A large shrub more than 1 m in height. Flowers are lilac-blue, bloom in mid-July.


Northern flax is a perennial plant up to 35 cm high. The rhizome is large, strong. Stems are simple, few branches, rather leafy. The leaves at the bottom of the stem are tiny, elliptical. Flowers are solitary or inflorescences with few flowers, large. Petals up to 1.8 cm long, oval, cornflower blue. Bolls 6–8 mm long, brown, tapering towards the apex. Seeds up to 4 mm long, brown. It grows mainly in the high mountainous regions of the Northern, Subpolar and Polar Urals. It grows on the slopes and banks of rivers, on pebbles. Seed reproduction. Blooms in summer. Occurs singly or in small groups. The stems break easily.

Growing seedlings and planting in the ground

Flax seedlings decorative photo

The most impatient growers can grow flax seedlings at home. You can start growing seedlings from early to mid-March. Prepare seedling trays and plant seeds one at a time into the cell. If there is no space, sow in a common container or a large glass, but then picking and seating in separate containers will be necessary when the seedlings grow up. For sowing, use a ready-made seedling substrate. Be sure to moisten crops from a spray bottle and place them on a warm sunny windowsill. If the weather is cloudy and there is little light, arrange additional lighting.

You can cover the crops with a film to retain moisture and heat, but as soon as shoots appear (usually after 5-6 days, flax emerges), the shelter must be removed immediately.

Further care of the seedlings is simple: timely regular watering without moisture stagnation and overdrying of the soil. You can carry out 1-2 dressings with an interval of at least 10 days. We transfer the grown seedlings into larger cups or pots.

When the seedlings grow up, and the weather is good outside, take it out into the garden or on the doorstep to harden it a little. Leave at first for a short time, then for half a day, for the whole day, after - and overnight (if there is no frost). When the seedlings get used to the conditions of open ground, and the night frosts recede, feel free to plant the seedlings in a permanent place.

We prepare wells for planting seedlings in advance according to the size of an earthen coma, it is useful to lay handfuls of humus in them. The distance between the holes is 10-20 cm. After planting, the plants are well watered.

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Rudbeckia is one of the strongest and most attractive plants. These are unpretentious plants that require a little more soil and sunlight. The pollen and nectar of these plants support many different pollinators and beneficial insects (hurray !!). There are many native species of rudbeckia in North America, and I think they all like them. I grow at least six different types of rudbeckia in my own garden, here are five of my favorites:

The best rudbeckias for sunny gardens

Rudbeckia laciniata , Echinacea tall, Echinacea cut or Echinacea green-headed, is one of the tallest rudbeks. The cut leaf of Echinococcus, three to twelve feet high, has split leaves and four-inch flowers with green cone-shaped centers and yellow, curved petals. It is native to almost all of North America. I grow mine on the other side of my perennial border, where he can stand and watch all the other plants I grow there.

Rudbeckia fulgida The orange echina, or black-eyed Susan, is a widespread oriental native that has become a ubiquitous garden species. It has many varieties and varieties. Yellow-orange petals and dark central discs form on plants one to three feet tall. Leaves with fine bristly hairs. The only problem I have with this plant is its tendency to leaf spot during the wet season. This fungal disease creates dark spots on the foliage, but does not affect flowering. Because of this aesthetic issue, I removed this plant in all but two areas of my garden and replaced it with other Rudbeckias that are less prone to leaf spots.

Rudbeckia hirta (shown in the main image above), one-year-old black-eyed susanks are often seen in the landscape as annuals or biennials. They reach one to two feet in height, have very pubescent leaves and rough stems. There are many varieties and cultivars of this species, some of them have yellow petals, while others have petals with various combinations of burgundy, orange, brown and yellow. There are also two-petal forms. My personal favorites are Irish Eyes with a green center and Indian Summer with bright yellow petals.

Rudbeckia triloba , brown-eyed susanki or thin-leaved cones, belong to the eastern and southern species. Of all the Rudbets trilobas, this is my favorite. The basal leaves of this plant are often trifoliate (that is, they consist of three leaves joined together). Plants are multi-branched and grow to two to three feet in height, giving the plant a bushy, bushy appearance. Each flower is an inch or so across, and by the end of summer the entire plant is completely covered in flowers. Although R. triloba is considered a short-lived perennial in most areas, it is worth growing. I won't sit down without him!

Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Little Henry' - undersized form of tall rudbeckia by Henry Eilers. This goose petal variety is probably the most unique rudbeckia on the market. While Henry Eilers is 8 feet tall, Little Henry is only 18-24 inches tall. Both are awesome late bloom and attractive garden plants!

The spoon shaped petals of the Henry Eilers and Little Henry rudbacks are so unique!

Regardless of which types of rudbeckia you choose to grow, they will all bring great color and a lot of joy to your garden.

Read more about our favorite perennials in the following articles:

Do you have a favorite Rudbeckia strain? Tell us about it!

Watch the video: Working with Flax and Nettles

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