The plant Aucuba (Aucuba) is a representative of the Garriev family, and is also sometimes referred to as Akkubov or Kizilov. The genus unites three species, and only 2 of them are cultivated at home, namely, the Himalayan and Japanese aucuba. This plant is distinguished by its shade-loving nature, even in deep shade it grows and develops well, but this does not apply to variegated varieties.
This genus is represented by evergreen shrubs, which are perennials. It is decorated with leathery leaf plates, as well as brownish-red flowers, collected in bunches of inflorescences. In nature, aukuba can be found in China, Korea and Japan. The people also call this shrub "sausage tree" or "golden tree". Thanks to breeders, a large number of various forms of such a plant were born, the foliage surface of which is decorated with small or large yellow spots. There are also such species in which green foliage is located along the edge, and in the middle it is yellow with a ragged outline. After the dying off of the leaf plate, it turns black. In such a plant, foliage is used in alternative medicine.
Aucuba. Home care
The aucuba shrub is a shade-tolerant, or rather, shade-loving plant. It develops well and grows in the shade. However, in a place with bright lighting, it can be grown, but only if it is diffused. When growing variegated forms, pay attention to the fact that poor lighting can cause the pattern to disappear from the leaf plates; therefore, they cannot be grown on north-facing windowsills.
During the spring-summer period, in the room where the plant is located, the air temperature should be between 18 and 20 degrees. If the room is warmer, this will lead to the fact that the bush will age faster, and sometimes it will throw off all the foliage. In winter, the aucuba should be kept cool (10 to 14 degrees). If the bush is warm in winter, it will often need to be moistened with a sprayer, and it will also need additional lighting, otherwise the foliage is likely to fly around. In the warm season, the shrub can be transferred to fresh air, and a place is chosen for it that will be protected from direct sunlight, drafts and precipitation.
Home-grown aucuba in May-August needs abundant watering. It is necessary to moisten the soil mixture in the pot only after its surface dries out. In other months, watering should be moderate or poor, in no case do not allow liquid to stagnate in the substrate, as this may cause black specks to form on the surface of the foliage, as a result of which the bush will lose its decorative effect.
In autumn and winter, it is imperative to moisten the plant, especially if there are working heating devices in the room where it stands. But if the bush hibernates in a cool place, then it must be moistened with caution, otherwise mold may form on it. During the spring and summer months, you don't need to moisturize the aucuba.
Top dressing of this shrub is carried out from March to August 1 time in 7 days. For this, organic matter and complex mineral fertilizer are alternately introduced into the substrate. During the autumn and winter time, this plant has a dormant period, so it cannot be fed.
Formative pruning of aucuba is carried out in March, at the same time young shoots are pinched, due to which the crown will be more lush and effective. The cut tops of the stems can be used as cuttings.
For growing aucuba, wide pots are used, at the bottom of which a good drainage layer is necessarily made. In this case, excess liquid will not stagnate in the substrate, as this can lead to the formation of black specks on the foliage. For transplanting, a soil mixture is used, consisting of peat, leaf and clay-soddy soil, and also sand (2: 2: 6: 1). You can also use a soil mixture of the following composition: sand, peat, humus, sod and leafy soil (1: 1: 1: 2: 1).
Until the bush reaches the age of five, it is transplanted regularly once a year. Transplanting an adult aucuba is carried out only if necessary, after the root system becomes cramped in the pot. Experts advise replanting such a shrub using the transshipment method so as not to injure the root system.
TRANSFER // TRANSFER // AUCUBES ...
When growing such a plant, it must be borne in mind that each part of it contains poison. You need to be especially careful with him if there are pets or small children in the house. When you are done with the aucuba, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly with soap.
Aucuba can be grown from seeds, however, exclusively freshly harvested seed material is used for this, since it loses its germination rather quickly. To obtain seeds at home, you will need 2 adult aucuba shrubs, and they must be heterosexual. Pollination will have to be done manually. Fill a container with wet peat and sow seeds into it, cover it with foil or glass on top. Transfer the crops to a place where it is always warm, provide them with systematic ventilation and moistening of the substrate. The first seedlings will have to wait for a relatively long time. After 3 or 4 true leaf plates are formed at the seedlings, they are picked into a soil mixture consisting of humus, sand and sod soil (2: 1: 2). When sowing aucuba seeds, it should be borne in mind that the seedlings that have appeared may not preserve the varietal characteristics of the parent plant.
For harvesting cuttings, use the tops of last year's stems. In order for the cutting to quickly root, it must have at least 3 leaf plates. For rooting, cuttings are planted in sand or in peat mixed with sand. From above, the cuttings are covered with a transparent bag or glass jar and transferred to a warm place. Cuttings should be systematically watered and ventilated, while the optimum air temperature for rooting is about 22 degrees. Rooted cuttings are transplanted into separate pots filled with a substrate composed of sod and humus soil, as well as sand (2: 2: 1).
Aukuba is Japanese. [Hope and Peace]
With improper care or inappropriate growing conditions with room aucuba, the following problems can begin:
In nature, such a shrub reaches a height of about four meters. The shape of the dark green foliage is elongated-lanceolate or lanceolate, and the edge can be solid or serrated. The upper part of the leaf can be sharply pointed to a greater or lesser extent. During flowering, unisexual (female or male) flowers are formed, they are small and do not represent any decorative value.
In such an evergreen shrub, woody stems are colored green. Leathery to the touch, opposite shiny leaf plates do not have stipules, their edge is serrated, they reach about 6 centimeters in width, and up to 20 centimeters in length. The shape of the foliage is elongated-oval, and it is painted green, and sometimes there is a pattern on it. The flowers are unisexual and small, they are colored in various shades of red. They are part of the panicle inflorescence. The fruit is a red or orange berry.
Aukuba is Japanese. [Hope and Peace]
Content temperature. For cultivation, they maintain indicators of 22-23 degrees. Sudden temperature changes are harmful. In winter, it is better to keep it in a cooler place at 10-15 degrees, but not lower than 6. It is important to protect the aucuba from drafts and wind.
Watering and humidity. The plant is regularly sprayed and especially in winter. Watering is uniform, without drying the substrate, but waterlogging is harmful. Soft water is used.
Fertilizer for aucuba, it is introduced during periods of increased growth. This operation is carried out together with watering every 7 days. You can use universal preparations for leafy indoor plants. Organic matter is also introduced - once every 14 days.
The Golden Tree also has a special energy. It can bring family members together, give a sense of unity. It is especially useful for people with high self-esteem to keep their culture. She creates an atmosphere of calm and peacefulness. Even communication with unfamiliar people who come to the house will be easy, without unpleasant moments, if there is an aucuba nearby.
It is believed that it is useful to give the plant to people born under the sign of Virgo. It is also suitable as a gift for a modest, insecure person. It is believed that the aucuba reliably protects its owner from insults, helps to reveal abilities and express themselves.
Want to know more about growing Aucuba at home? Watch the following video: