Hemerocallis


Generality

The genus Hemerocallis belongs to the Liliacee family and comes from the Far East, in particular from China and Japan. These plants are great for growing in pots, but are also popular in gardens and flower beds. Their main feature is a continuous and prolonged flowering throughout the season. The leaves of this plant are very long and this gives it a great elegance, also particular the flowers, very similar to those of the lilies, which bloom in the morning and wither in the evening.


Environment and exposure

The hemerocallis loves sunlight very much but is by no means a demanding plant. Although in fact, as mentioned, it is certainly preferable to place it in a sunny area that is also in direct contact with the sun's rays, the plant will not suffer too much from a position in the shade, as long as there is at least a few hours of sun. full. The hemerocallis is characterized by the difference in tolerance to sunlight depending on the colors, the lighter specimens will need more sunlight unlike the darker ones, which by absorbing more heat will have more difficulty in tolerating it.


Ground

The preferred soil for this plant is fertile, with the addition of peat and little sand, because it must be draining but still quite moist.


Planting and repotting

The hemerocallis should be planted at the beginning of spring in colder climates, while if you live in an area with a mild climate you can plant it throughout the spring and even in late autumn. The bulbs must be buried at a depth of at least 30 cm and at least 20 cm from each other as they are very bushy and putting them too close could literally suffocate them. The hemerocallis does not like moving around at all and does not grow very quickly, therefore repotting should be done no earlier than four or five years, you can do it sooner only if you notice that the plant has grown too much.


Watering

The hemerocallis loves moist soil, during the hot season, which falls in the flowering period, water very often and never let the soil dry out, the advice we give you is to water it rather abundantly every morning. In winter and autumn, just irrigate the soil just enough to keep it from drying out completely.


Fertilization

This plant does not particularly need fertilizer, however like all perennials it is good to apply a little fertilizer from time to time. In this sense, our advice is to fertilize with generic organic compound for bulbous plants before the flowering period, i.e. at the beginning of spring, to give your hemerocallis greater strength.


Multiplication

The hemerocallis multiplies by division of the tufts and it is very simple to obtain new seedlings, it will in fact be sufficient to divide the new tufts from the main bulb and bury them in a mixture of soil equal in all respects to what you used for the "adult" bulbs , the plant will then be treated exactly like adult specimens.


Pruning

The hemerocallis should not be pruned, but you must remove the flowers that wither every day and also try to eliminate, checking periodically, the leaves that dry up.


Flowering

In general, the flowering period of hemerocallis begins in spring and ends in autumn. This plant has the characteristic of producing flowers every day, which flowers bloom in the morning and wither in the evening, therefore flowering is continuous throughout the period.


Diseases and parasites

The hemerocallis is very rarely attacked by parasites and diseases in general, in case you notice something strange, contact your trusted garden but keep one thing in mind very well; this plant needs a very humid soil, if you see it very wasted try to increase the irrigation and check that the soil remains well moist before going to a garden thinking that the decay is due to parasites or diseases.


Purchase advice

When you buy one of these plants do, once again, pay attention to the soil, it must be very humid, this will mean that in the garden it has grown in a place congenial to it. Also pay attention to the color of the flowers, as we have already said if you are going to place it in a very sunny place it is better to buy a variety with light petals rather than one with dark petals.


Species

There are many species of hemerocallis, here we will see some of the most famous. The best known species is the hemerocallis fulva, this reaches up to 100 cm in height and produces flowers of a beautiful intense yellow, or orange, very similar to lilies. The hemerocallis flava is very similar to the fawn, but its flowers are characterized by a much, much, more intense scent. Finally, the hemerocallis aurantiaca is characterized by its great height (it can reach two meters in height) and produces longer and more elegant leaves.


Hemerocallis: Curiosity

The main curiosity related to this plant is its name, hemerocallis is in fact the fusion of two Greek words which literally mean beautiful during the day. The name underlines the characteristic of its flowers, which bloom during the day and die in the evening, lasting only one day.


15 Fragrant Plants That Will Make Your Garden Smell Amazing

These lovely perfumed plants add another level of enjoyment to your garden.

There are many things to consider when you're planning a garden. What types of flowers would you like feature? You'll have to consider a host of colors and textures and foliage and decide on just the right mix. And are you more interested in enjoying the best perennial plants and flowers year after year or do you want to enjoy the immediate benefits of the best annuals? You should probably educate yourself on the different kinds of roses and choose a variety or two. And there there's those flowers that attract hummingbirds and flowers that attract butterflies. Both kinds of flying beauties will add another layer of lovely to your outdoor space.

But a garden is not just about sight, as you well know. "Texture, color and seasonality are all important concepts, but scent often is overlooked when designing a garden," says Boyce Tankersley, director of living plant documentation at the Chicago Botanic Garden. "Fragrance adds an extra layer of richness to the landscape." Even if you don't have a yard that's acres and acres large, you still can indulge in the luxury of scented plants. Place them where they will be most appreciated most — think pots and containers places by your front door, along walkways where you'll brush by them and release their sweetness, or near windows where you can pick up their scents on the breeze.

As evidenced by this photo, this perennial plant comes in a number of bright, beautiful colors and does best in USDA Hardiness zones 4-8. The abundant, fragrant flowers bloom in spring and last for about two weeks, and because they are so large, they may require support in order to avoid flopping.

Try:

Delft Blue: This award-winner sports light blue flowers that tower above bright green stems

Pink Surprise:
Both the sweet smell and delightful soft pink petals add much to a garden

There's nothing sweeter than the smell of these large flowers, which bloom in spring and summer, depending on variety. Plant your tree in well-draining, rich soil in full-sun spots. Make sure you give them plenty of room to expand — some can grow up to 40 feet wide.

Southern Magnolia: Con: it's a slow grower (up to 10 years from seed) Pro: it's evergreen

Bigleaf Magnolia: The name says it all — leaves may grow up to 32 inches long

You get a lot of bang for your buck with this shrub thanks to fragrant flowers that bloom in late spring to early summer and then again in late summer and early fall. Plant in moist, well-draining soil gardenias thrive in zones 6-11.

Make a statement by growing this vining plant on a pergola or lattice wall. Flowers in shades of blue and purple bloom in spring and late summer. Wisteria likes full sun but will grow in part shade depending on variety, the fragrance can be faint to overpowering.

Tubular flowers come in a variety of shades including white, orange, red, blue, yellow, and lavender that bloom in summer. They are winter hardy in zone 9-10, and are known for the sweet, sweet scent they add to your outdoor oasis.

Tiny blooms on this delicate annual beckon to pollinators. Sweet alyssum looks lovely cascading from containers, window boxes, and hanging baskets or tucked into a rock garden as a flowering ground cover. This plant likes full to part sun.

Snow Princess: Profuse white blooms all season long without deadheading

Dark Knight: Deep purple blooms pair well with other annuals in containers

This showy, vigorous perennial vine spills beautifully over a trellis or fence-line, and pollinators love it, says Tankersley. Look for the native or newer types, which are not invasive like Japanese honeysuckle prefers full sun.

Yellow honeysuckle: Native variety which tolerates a variety of soils

Scentsation: Flowers from mid-spring to late summer, followed by bright red berries

"Every garden should have at least one rose," says Tankersley. "They're not as fussy as many people believe, and many newer roses also are highly selected for insect and disease resistance." When selecting a plant, read the tags and look for those that specifically state that they're scented, as some types have been bred more for form than fragrance. Blooms best in full sun.

Mr. Lincoln: An old favorite in a striking scarlet red color with incredible scent

Princess Charlene de Monaco: A new scented rose with light apricot to pink double flowers

Phlox come in shades of pink, white, salmon, purple, red, and bi-colors. Plant as part of a mixed border or in large swaths for impact, suggests Tankersley. Many types self-seed, so they'll come back on their own next year. Give them plenty of air circulation so they won't get powdery mildew. Most prefer full sun but will tolerate some shade in hotter climates.

David: a pure white tall variety that's especially fragrant

Flame Pink: a compact hot pink type with an extra-long bloom time

Sometimes called summer lilac, this sturdy little shrub in shades of white, pink, or purple withstands drought, blooms all season long, and attracts pollinators. It's now available in dwarf varieties, so it won't overtake your garden, and newer types are not invasive. Set in borders or as mass plantings. Likes full sun.

Lo & Behold Blue Chip Jr.: Grows just 18 to 30 inches tall to fit in smaller spaces

Asian Moon: Larger size with deep purple flowers that have orange throats

This spring-flowering tree is a showy addition to the landscape with small crabapples and attractive fall color. Newer types are more disease-resistant. Likes full sun.

Prairie Fire: Dense, rounded shape with pinkish-red buds and good disease resistance

Royal Raindrops: Magenta flowers and striking deep purple foliage all season long

This shrubby perennial plant with glossy dark green foliage may require staking to keep its heavy blooms from drooping, but their lush, exuberant flowers are worth a tiny bit of extra work. Don't plant too deep or they won't bloom. The ants that visit the flowers aren't pests they're simply sipping the nectar, says Tankersley. Prefers full sun.

Festiva Maxima: Classic for generations thanks pure white blooms with crimson flecks

Sarah Bernhardt: Heirloom with gorgeous medium-pink double blooms

Dianthus is a low-growing perennial with a spicy or vanilla-like scent. It's often called "pinks" due to the fringed flower petals that appear to have been cut with pinking shears. Works well as edging or in containers. Likes full sun.

Try:

Fruit Punch Sweetie Pie: Pink flowers dance above silvery-blue mounds of grass-like foliage

Itsaul White: Pretty white double flowers with lots of fringe

This spicy-sweet smelling annual in shades of pink, purple, and white thrives in cool temperatures, so plant it as soon as the weather breaks in spring. Makes beautiful bouquets. Prefers sun to part shade.

Quartet Pink: Creamy yellow centers with pink edges and clove scent

Katz Ruby: Striking wine-red blooms on nice long stems for cutting

Viburnums are tough as nails, and these spring-blooming shrubs offer pretty pinkish-white flowers with a distinctively spicy scent. Generally deer-resistant, too. Likes part sun to sun.

Spice Girl: Pinkish flowers on a sturdy shrub with good fall color

Spice Baby: White flowers on a more compact plant


Above: Muhlenbergia capillaris grows to a height of 3 feet. It is native to the eastern United States and Mexico and thrives from growing zones 7 to 10.

“Its pink inflorescence seems to float above the plant like soft clouds,” notes Santa Rosa Gardens, which sells Muhlenbergia Capillaris for $ 7.99 apiece.


Hemerocallis, the flower that lasts a day

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Peroxide for cleaning in the garden

11) Water treatment: I've read that adding hydrogen peroxide to water before watering your garden will remove chlorine from public water sources (I didn't try this one though since I have a well)

12) Repotting: Spray the inside of old pots with hydrogen peroxide before using them for new plants to kill bacteria and sanitize the surface. Rinse well before using.

13) Clean garden tools: To clean and disinfect garden tools (especially after using them around infected plants) spray full strength hydrogen peroxide onto your garden tools and allow to set for a few minutes then rinse.


One of my favorite things about using hydrogen peroxide in my garden is that I already have it on hand, so I'm not stockpiling additional chemicals. Plus, it's super cheap as far as garden treatments go and I don't need to go to a specialty garden center to purchase it. That's a win-win!

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Commonly called Scarlet bugler, this perennial is native to mountain regions from Colorado and Utah south to Mexico. It forms an open, sprawling mound to 3 ft. tall, with bright green leaves and spikes of red flowers starting in late spring or mid summer. 'Elfin Pink' is a foot tall hybrid with clear pink flowers. It needs some winter chill for best performance. Grow it in sun (part shade in hottest climates), and give it little to moderate water.

This desert native forms whip-thin stems, 5 to 10 ft. tall, that are heavily furrowed and covered with stout thorns its small round leaves drop during long dry periods, but it blooms quickly after rains, bearing clusters of red-orange flowers. It needs soil with excellent drainage and intense summer heat, and prefers little to moderate water. Plant in full sun. Zones 10-13, 18-20.


Video: Daylilies


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