The cercis plant is a short tree or shrub that has a lush spring bloom. This spectacular tree is a great addition to any garden. Among the people, it is also called the crimson and the Judas tree.
Cercis is part of the legume family, and in nature it can be found in North America, China, and also in the western and eastern regions of the Mediterranean. Experts managed to find 7 species of this plant, differing in height, structure, color of flowers and winter hardiness.
The life span of this perennial varies from 50 to 70 years, and its height, as a rule, does not exceed 18 meters. In autumn, all the leaves fly from both shrubs and trees. The trunk and old branches are covered with brownish-black bark with small cracks. The bark of young branches is gray or brownish-olive. In the first year of growth, the branches are smooth and have a pale red tint.
The edge of simple ovoid leaf plates is even, and the veins are embossed. They grow alternately in a spiral and have petioles. There are also small linear stipules that fly around quite early. Young leaves are colored greenish, but by mid-July they acquire a darker color.
Pink buds, from which flowers will open after a while, are formed on the branches and trunk even before the leaf plates bloom. The buds are formed in the leaf sinuses or on the surface of the bark, and they sit very tightly. The bush blooms for 30 days and fades as soon as the leaf plates open completely. The shape of the flowers is irregular, but they are part of dense racemose inflorescences or bundles. The flower has a corolla outwardly similar to a small moth, and its calyx has a bell-shaped shape. The flower consists of a short ovary, 10 short stamens and five petals of a rich purple or pink color.
When the bush fades, fruits are formed on it, which are large pods, which can reach about 100 mm in length. Each fruit contains 4–7 flat oval beans with a smooth, shiny surface.
BEANS on the TREE - CERTSIS Canadian (Judas tree). It's all about leaving.
Cercis in the garden grows well in shade or in a sunny area. The soil must be well-drained and alkaline, and lime must be added to it. The seedlings are immediately planted in a permanent place. At the same time, they try to plant them in the first year of growth, because their roots grow very quickly deep into the soil, and during transplantation they can be severely injured.
During the first three to four years, young trees grow extremely slowly. Moreover, in the first and second years of growth, the aerial part of the bush may dry out completely. This is a completely natural process, and you should not worry about it.
At the beginning of the fourth year of growth, the seedling in height, as a rule, reaches only 0.2 m. However, after just a couple of years, the height of the tree can already reach 1–1.5 meters.
The root system of such a tree is very developed. Within a radius, it can grow up to 8 meters, and go into the depths of the soil by 2 meters. This allows the cercis to receive all the nutrients and moisture it needs. Therefore, it is not necessary to systematically feed and water it. However, if there has been a drought and heat for a long time, then it is still better to water the tree.
Cercis is highly resistant to diseases and pests. Very rarely, aphids attack the bushes. To destroy it, use an insecticidal solution.
Cercis in the open field can be propagated by cuttings, layering and seed.
Since the beans are covered with a very dense skin, they must be scarified before sowing. Instead, they can be kept for some time in a special solution of hydrochloric acid or doused with boiling water. As a result of these actions, the strong skin will become less dense or damaged, and it will be easier for the germ to break through it.
Seeds are sown not at home, but in a garden bed. From above it is covered with a thick layer of loose leaves, peat or spruce branches. If for sowing you use seeds of heat-loving varieties, then you will be able to wait for seedlings only if it is not colder than 3-5 degrees in winter.
Cuttings are harvested in autumn. To do this, it is necessary to cut off a strong shoot, the age of which is from 2 to 3 years. Make sure that all cuttings have at least two or three buds. Cuttings immediately after pruning are planted for rooting in open ground. They are buried at an angle, burying them into the soil by 10-15 centimeters. Before the frosts begin, the cuttings should already grow their roots. Thanks to this, they successfully winter in the garden. But it happens that the aerial part freezes, then in spring a young sprout grows from the root.
Basal shoots are systematically formed in an adult cercis. Take such a layer, carefully separate it from the parent tree and plant it in a permanent place. This procedure is carried out in the spring. Layers quickly take root, since they already have a formed root system.
Young plants need good care and your care, as they do not yet have the strength to withstand the harsh climate on their own. With age, matured and grown trees will become more resilient.
In the middle latitudes, the most commonly grown species are Cercis european and cercis canadensis.
This species is considered highly decorative. In spring, its branches are almost entirely covered with pink flowers. This thermophilic tree is most often grown in the southern regions, because due to prolonged frost it can die. As a rule, this species is represented by trees. But sometimes a tree grows a lot of basal shoots, and it becomes outwardly similar to a large shrub.
A mature tree can be about 10 meters high. The rather thick trunk is decorated with a spreading crown. Semicircular leaf plates turn rich yellow in the autumn months. The deep pink flowers open in early spring, before foliage appears. Flowering lasts approximately 30 days.
This species has high frost resistance, so it is most often grown in regions with colder winters. The height of an adult tree can be up to 12 meters. The front smooth surface of large heart-shaped leaf plates is colored green, and the back surface is gray. In autumn, the color of the foliage changes to yellow. The flowering of this species is less splendid compared to the European cercis, while its flowers are smaller and painted in a pale pink hue. During flowering, the trunk and branches of the tree are strewn with lush bunches, which include from 5 to 8 flowers. This species does not bloom as early as the previous one, but it fades in the first summer weeks. Fruit ripening is observed in August, and they do not fly off the branches for a long time (while some of the fruits do not fly around for two years).
In this species, the following hybrid varieties are distinguished:
This species is represented by relatively tall trees that can reach 15 meters. Large leaf plates are heart-shaped. This tree loves warmth, and frosts can destroy it. During flowering in May, large lush bunches appear on the plant, consisting of flowers of a rich pink-purple color.
This species is represented by a tall shrub with woody stems. Its height, as a rule, does not exceed four meters. Leathery dark green leaf plates have a rounded shape. The racemose inflorescences consist of 5-7 purple-pink flowers. Such a shrub is not able to survive the mid-latitude winter.
The crown of this frost-resistant tree is highly branched, while the leaves are painted in a deep green color. Outwardly, this species is similar to canadian cercis.
This thermophilic species is represented by low trees (about 10 meters) and large shrubs. Small drooping racemose inflorescences consist of deep pink flowers on short pedicels. Inflorescences can be about 100 mm long. Dark green smooth leaves have an oval shape.
In nature, the species can be found in the central part of China. This tall tree has a dark green foliage in the summer and yellow in the fall. Large racemose inflorescences of purple flowers appear in spring. They can fall on short stalks or sit tightly on the trunk and branches.
Cercis is planted in the park or in the garden, as a solo plant. Moreover, when choosing a planting site, you need to take into account that in the future, an adult tree should have enough room for the normal development of branches and root system. Against the background of coniferous trees, such a culture looks simply amazing. Shrub species of cercis are often used to form hedges.
This plant is considered an excellent honey plant. Its foliage also contains valuable flavonoids, which are used in the fight against tuberculosis.
Decorative trees. Cercis Canadian - Crimson
Cercis Canadian in the Moscow region growing winter hardiness and care
Cercis, scarlet, scarlet, Judas tree is a deciduous shrub or a tree of the legume family, which retains its decorative effect throughout the year. These unique plants can be found in the Mediterranean, Asia, and North America.
Quivering heart-shaped leaves with smooth edges and embossed veins on the surface are attached with petioles and are located on the branches in a spiral manner. The pale green shade of the leaves darkens by mid-summer, and in the fall it becomes yellow, crimson.
The life span of a plant is from half a century to 70 years. The cercis tree reaches a maximum height of 18 m. In the first year, its branches are covered with reddish smooth skin. In young shoots, it is olive-brown or grayish, and on adult branches and trunk it coarsens, becomes black-brown. The trunk often grows twisted, as if curling.
The perennial flower is located on a long shoot, creating impressive, interesting inflorescences. Works great as a decoration of a flower bed, lawn. Ideal for vases as a cut flower. The flowering season is May.
The leaves are green-gray and consist of many small leaves. After flowering, they dry out quickly, so it is worth planting a dicenter in the company of plants:
These deciduous shrubs will fill the empty space after the disappearance of the dicenter in summer, and will not take its place in the spring.
In addition to Dicentra spectabilis pink, other varieties can be found in many gardens. One of the most original is white. It differs from pink in the snow-white color of the flowers. This perennial makes a great backdrop for other plants, with its bright green, feathery leaves and neutral color of flowers, perfect for any environment.
It is also a good solution for creating mini rockeries in rocky gardens.
The bleeding center flower goes well with other plants with large colorful leaves. Dicenters also look spectacular when planted in pots on balconies and terraces, as stand-alone specimens or as part of a floral arrangement.