Hello, dear friends - summer residents and gardeners!
Today I will sow purslane for seedlings, but not garden purslane, of which there are so many in my area, but decorative purslane, specially bred for growing in flower beds.
Purslane is an annual creeping plant, the bushes of which reach a height of only 10-15 cm. It has branched stems with small, oblong and fleshy leaves. Garden purslane blooms with small yellow flowers.
Since purslane quickly spreads over the site, you have to fight with it like a weed, although in fact, purslane is not only edible, but also useful, since it contains a lot of carbohydrates and vitamins. You can cook many delicious dishes with purslane, and it is especially popular in this capacity in the Caucasus. The healing properties of this plant are also known.
But today we will talk about decorative varieties of purslane, which are used to decorate flower beds, alpine hills and framing borders. Large-flowered purslane is also grown as an ampelous plant in hanging pots, outdoor flowerpots and balcony boxes. It can even grow between the joints of concrete tiles used to lay garden paths: during flowering, they look very attractive and unusual.
The flowers of the decorative purslane are of different colors, simple, semi-double and double. They fully open only on sunny days, so you need to grow this plant in well-lit areas.
Purslane is thermophilic, and in order for its flowering to begin as early as possible and last as long as possible, it is necessary to sow it for seedlings in March or April, and seedlings are planted in open ground in May, when the threat of return frosts has passed. You can sow purslane directly into open ground in May, when warm weather sets in, but in this case flowering will come much later than in plants grown in seedlings.
Just for early flowering, I want to sow purslane for seedlings. I bought two bags of seeds: a variety with pink double flowers and a terry variety mixture of different colors.
For sowing, I prepared two small containers and filled them with soil, but not to the very top in case the seedlings begin to stretch and I have to pour soil under the stems. Purslane requires neither special nor well-fertilized soil. He will feel fine in ordinary garden soil mixed with a little sand.
Having tamped the soil, I poured it, adding a tablespoon of three percent hydrogen peroxide to half a liter of water. I use this solution to accelerate seed germination. Sowing purslane is similar to sowing lobelia, petunia and strawberries: the seeds of the purslane are very small, so I just “add” them to the surface of the soil, trying not to sprinkle too thickly, so that later I do not have to thin out the seedlings.
I spray the seeds from a spray bottle with the same solution that I used to water the soil, after which I stick a tag with the date and name of the culture on the container and cover the container with a lid.
You need to keep crops in a bright place at a temperature of 25-30 ⁰C. Quality seeds begin to germinate in 5-7 days. After emergence, in addition to good lighting, it is also necessary to provide seedlings with moderate watering.
I wish you all a good mood, healthy seedlings and lush flowering.
Sections: Garden plants Herbaceous Annuals Beautiful flowering Plants on P Purslane Growing seedlings
The genus Purslane (Portulaca) unites more than 100 plant species growing in the subtropical and tropical zones of both hemispheres. But the most widespread are only two types - this is a large-flowered or garden purslane and a garden or vegetable purslane, often found as an ineradicable weed in southern Russia. Large-flowered purslane is a perennial plant grown as an annual.
Purslane is a small flower, reaching a height of no more than 25 cm, forms creeping shoots with small fleshy leaves. Because of their ability to grow, these plants are sometimes called "rugs". Flowers reach 6 cm in diameter and include white, orange, yellow, red, pink and beige coloration that bloom on sunny days and close at night or cloudy weather. The plant blooms continuously from June to the very frost.
Purslane is a very grateful plant that can delight its owners for a long time with abundant flowering if the basic growing conditions are observed. Almost all types of this culture are thermophilic, so it is better to clean them for the winter in a warm room or grow new bushes every year, ready for active growth and budding.
If you allow the plant to develop independently, without removing the falling seed, then there is a high probability that the seedlings that have developed from it next year will either not give flowers, or will bloom extremely poorly and only at the end of summer.
Planting seeds in open ground is also not encouraged, because in this case, even a temporary greenhouse may not save the sowing from recurrent frosts. With regard to cuttings, this method of propagation and cultivation is also possible, but it requires much more time and effort.
So, cuttings that have taken root are planted in partial shade, and eventually in an open area, since the plant loves the sun very much. In addition to bright lighting, purslane responds well to abundant watering and a warm environment. And this is another reason why experienced gardeners recommend growing a plant in a seedling way, planting it in an already well-heated soil.
The genus Purslane unites 200 species of annual and perennial succulents.
The most famous species are: large-flowered, terry, ampelous, garden.
Large-flowered purslane is popular with many gardeners. It is grown on flower beds, lawns, rabat beds, near curbs, in containers, pots, on balconies and as a houseplant. The flower is a creeping annual; when grown on a windowsill, it can grow for several years.
Plant height is no more than 20 centimeters. The length of the stems on average reaches 2 meters; in a warm climate, after a few years it can grow up to 20 meters. Stems are juicy, light green in color, with a slight reddish tinge. The stems spread along the ground, filling it with a solid carpet.
Leaves are fleshy, alternate, small, conical, pointed, greenish-gray in color. The color of the leaves ranges from green to reddish.
The flowers are simple, cupped, about 4 centimeters in diameter, located at the end of the stems. The flower consists of 5 fused double petals. Coloring can be: red, white, cream, pink, bright orange, yellow. Some varieties have light shades of other colors.
Terry purslane annual - a variety of large-flowered. It is grown in flower beds, on lawns, near curbs, in containers. A plant growing on the ground, forms a continuous cover of flowers. Beautiful large flowers have multi-petal buds of various colors. The aroma is pleasant. The height of the bush is 15-20 centimeters. The stems spread along the ground.
Flowering lasts during daylight hours, then the buds close. There are several varieties that bloom around the clock, such as Sundance and Sanglo.
Ampel purslane is a perennial hybrid plant. Creeping stems. Leaves are conical, elongated, fleshy, small. The flowers are double and simple, the colors are varied (white, red, yellow, pink, purple, lilac). 5-7 centimeters in diameter.
The flower is suitable for growing in flower beds, alpine slides, on lawns, in a multi-level flower bed, in a pots, hanging basket and at home on a windowsill and balcony.
The plant, when grown on the ground, spreads and forms a mat. When suspended, it forms a cascade of stems and flowers.
Garden purslane or dandur (medicinal, vegetable) can grow next to garden crops. The plant grows rather quickly. It is used for medicinal purposes and as an additive in salads, marinades, soups, sauces.
The stems are fleshy. The leaves are flat, oval. Flowers are small, inconspicuous, yellow (1 centimeter in diameter). After flowering, an oval box with seeds is formed. The seeds are very small. The plant propagates by self-sowing.
The best varieties include:
Splendens is distinguished by long flowering, beautiful purple-pink petals and pleasant aroma. Terry inflorescences, large.
The princely variety is distinguished by the corrugated petals of the inflorescences. The color is scarlet, orange or white.
The white-celled variety has snow-white buds and emerald leaves. The stems are short (10 centimeters long).
Sundance and Sanglo cultivars bloom throughout the day and unlike others do not close at night.
Airy marshmallows have short shoots up to 10 centimeters in length. The inflorescences are terry, large. The range of colors is extensive.
The royal variety has simple, large flowers. The color is varied.
In addition to these varieties, one can distinguish: Scheherazade, Flamenco, Super Long Blossom, Pun, Orange, Sunny Summer, Cherry, Merry Round Dance, Scarlet, Sunny Princess, Double Mix, Sonya.
Of the many varieties of purslane, humans grow only four.
The most common types
Among the hybrids of large-flowered purslane, the following varieties stand out:
Purslane is a large-flowered plant heat-resistant, therefore, in order to achieve abundant flowering, it must be planted in the most illuminated place, keep this in mind! It is desirable that the place where the purslane will grow is dry and warm, so I try to plant the plant on elevations, not far from the southern wall of the house, since the flowerbed is located very well.
Purslane in a flower garden. Photo from the site ogorod.ua
Purslane is so thermophilic that even at + 10 ° C and below its leaves begin to fall off, therefore, seedlings can be planted in open ground only closer to mid-June. When planting, keep the distance between plants at least 15 cm.
The best varieties of purslane, favorite terry hybrids or special colors are not always preserved during seed propagation. Therefore, purslane with the most interesting characteristics is best preserved and renewed using another method - cuttings. True, for him you need to keep the mother plants cool for the winter and cut the apical cuttings only in the spring. They take root both in water and in sand, subject to high humidity, very quickly.
Purslane usually give abundant self-seeding. And young seedlings can be safely used instead of seedlings and transferred to the desired places as soon as the plants get stronger and release the fifth or sixth leaf.