Tomato Königsberg is a unique variety that, by appearing on the market, quickly changed the outlook of many experienced gardeners. They were surprised to learn that a tomato can have many advantages and practically no disadvantages at the same time. The Konigsberg variety, created in Siberia, is not afraid of the vagaries of the weather and reliably gives high yields of large fruits of excellent quality.
Tomato Konigsberg took its place in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2005 and is recommended for open ground in all climatic regions of the country. Of course, it can be grown in greenhouses, but once again it makes no sense to take up space as a plant that can withstand cold, drought and all kinds of vagaries of the weather. The variety was bred by the breeder V. Dederko in the Novosibirsk region, which indicates its special resistance to an unfavorable climate. The variety's resistance to major diseases is also high.
This tomato grows into a very large bush that can even reach a height of two meters. Of course, such plants require obligatory garter and shaping, but the variety pays generously for its care with very high yields: two buckets from one bush is not the limit. Due to the high strength of growth, Konigsberg has to be planted quite freely, so the yield per square meter does not seem prohibitive, but the usual 20 kg is not a small figure at all.
The variety belongs to indeterminate plants, that is, the growth of the bush is, in principle, unlimited, therefore, in the process of formation, it has to be artificially limited. The bushes are beautiful, covered with rather large leaves of light green color. The roots are powerful, going deep down and spreading out to the sides. The fruits grow quite far from the ground: the very first inflorescence is located only above the 12th leaf, and the following ones - every three leaves. The brushes contain 5–6 tomatoes.
In terms of ripening, the variety belongs to the mid-season, that is, the harvest does not take place earlier than the beginning of August. The fruits are cylindrical, with a pointed tip, very dense, even, without a seam, perfectly stored and transported. The mass of red tomato varieties is at least 150 g, but mostly more than 200 g, up to 300 g, and sometimes more, with the largest specimens growing in the lower part of the bush. Why did the word appear red? The fact is that the fruits of Konigsberg of various modifications are known. They are not classified as different varieties, considering subspecies:
The founder of the variety - the red subspecies - has a classic color
The golden variety, judging by the reviews, is the most interesting in taste
The striped variety, according to the author of these lines, is not for everybody: tomatoes look somehow unconvincing
The pink subspecies is very cute and apparently tasty, like most tomatoes of this color.
Described are the fruits of the heart-shaped subspecies weighing up to 1000 g
Any of the Koenigsberg varieties have an excellent taste and strong aroma of fruits, the purpose of which is universal: they are also suitable for salads, and for various types of processing, but only not the largest tomatoes are suitable for whole-fruit canning. Therefore, most of the excess harvest has to be processed into tomato sauce, juice or pasta. Those tomatoes that are placed in a jar as a whole do not crack when canned, retain their shape and color.
Any kind of Königsberg tomato looks very impressive: the shape of the fruit is not a classic tomato one, it resembles either an eggplant or a large plum, but in any case, the appearance of a ripe tomato makes you want to taste it sooner.
The appetizingness of the Koenigsberg fruits is undeniable, and this feeling is not deceiving
The bushes, with their correct formation, do not look gigantic, but resemble a kind of tomato tree, densely hung with large fruits of varying degrees of ripeness.
Königsberg fruits grow in clusters of several pieces
The Konigsberg tomato is really special, although, of course, in appearance it can be confused with some others: after all, now there are a huge number of varieties and hybrids. So, for example, the fruits of a rather new early ripe tomato Kaspar 2 are very similar to it in shape, but at Konigsberg they are 2-3 times larger. The same applies to the fruits of the Emperor tomato, but the taste of the latter is assessed only as good.
A feature of the Konigsberg variety is that it has practically no flaws. Relative disadvantages are sometimes called the fact that the crop does not ripen very early, and the fact that most of the fruits do not fit in standard canning jars. But for salting, there are many other varieties specially created for this purpose! This is both the good old Novice and the no less deserved Novelty of Pridnestrovie ...
The most important advantages of the Konigsberg tomato are:
Despite the fact that the ripening period of Konigsberg is not early, the harvest manages to ripen even in a short summer, and unripe tomatoes normally reach during storage. It has been proved that the chemical composition of the fruits is very diverse, they have found an increased, in comparison with many varieties, the content of especially useful substances and microelements.
The fact that the variety is not afraid of either drought or heavy rains allows it to be recommended for growing in any conditions, including for novice gardeners. True, to obtain maximum yields, they will have to learn a little, but Konigsberg will give a decent amount of tasty fruits even with minimal care.
As soon as the Golden Konigsberg appeared, I managed to try to plant it on my site. The very next year, even Persimmon was removed from the arsenal, since it seemed that among the yellow-fruited tomatoes there were no better options yet. The red subspecies is not so original, the rest somehow did not take root, but the golden variety is planted annually in the amount of a couple of dozen bushes and has never failed.
The general rules for planting a Konigsberg tomato and caring for it practically do not differ from those in the case of any indeterminate varieties, that is, those tomatoes that grow in the form of very tall bushes, requiring mandatory formation and garter. Like any tomatoes, Konigsberg has to be grown through the seedling stage: direct sowing of seeds in a garden bed only in the very south of our country allows you to have time to get a normal harvest.
The exact time for sowing seeds for seedlings depends on the climate of a particular region and on whether Konigsberg will be grown in a greenhouse or unprotected soil. We will assume that we are preparing seedlings for open ground: after all, this is the main purpose of the variety. Then we remember when the threat of spring frosts usually disappears in our area, and we count two months from this day.
Of course, there is always a risk, but it is comforting that Konigsberg is not afraid of cold, but frost ... Well, where can you get to from it? 10 years ago, everything froze out in the Middle Volga region on June 10! Therefore, in case of a bad forecast, we will cover the planting, and we will sow seeds for seedlings in the second half of March.
The second half of March is in the middle lane. In Siberia and the Urals - at the beginning of April, but not later: otherwise, the harvest may not be expected. And the seedlings ready for planting must be at least 50 days old. The process of growing seedlings is an activity well known to every summer resident. In the case of the Konigsberg tomato, there are no peculiarities in this case, the whole process consists of the following steps.
If seeds are germinated, do not wait for very large roots.
For a dozen bushes, soil can be bought and ready-made
For sowing, you can take any convenient box
There is enough light on the southern windowsill, otherwise you need to add a light bulb
The best choice for seedlings - peat pots
Azofoska is one of the most convenient complex fertilizers
Good seedlings should be about 25 cm tall and have a strong stem before planting in the ground. In the Konigsberg tomato, seedlings sometimes seem to be slightly wilted, they do not cause a feeling of firmness: this is a certain feature of the variety, there is nothing wrong with that. You can plant it in a garden when the soil warms up to at least 14 aboutC, that is, in the middle lane - at the very end of May.
Night and morning frosts are terrible at this time: if they are foreseen, but you cannot wait, you will have to plant tomatoes only under temporary shelters. It can be any collapsible greenhouse made of metal or plastic arcs and plastic wrap.
Despite the resistance of Koenigsberg to cold weather, a site protected from cold winds is chosen for planting tomatoes. This crop grows on almost any soil, but they should be well fertilized, especially with phosphorus. Therefore, even in the fall, when digging a site, a bucket of humus and at least 40 g of superphosphate, as well as about half a liter of wood ash, are introduced for each square meter. In the spring, the bed is only loosened, and in the designated places they make holes in the size of an earthen coma with seedlings. Konigsberg is planted according to any convenient scheme, but so that 1 m2 there were no more than three bushes. Immediately they drive in strong stakes next to them, at least a meter high, or better - one and a half.
When planting, you can use the technique in the mud, having spilled the wells well in advance, or you can water the seedlings abundantly after disembarking. It depends both on the moisture content of the soil and on the preferences of the gardener. It is important to try to remove the seedlings from a box or pot with an unbroken lump of earth and plant it in the ground up to the very cotyledonous leaves.
It is better to plant seedlings with a height of more than 30 cm obliquely: you cannot bury the roots too deeply, they will be cold there.
After planting the seedlings and thoroughly watering them with warm water (25–30 aboutC) it is advisable to mulch the soil with a small layer of any bulk material.
In general, when caring for a Konigsberg tomato, the most common operations are performed: watering, feeding, loosening, etc. However, there are procedures that are associated with the fact that it grows into a large bush. These procedures are the formation of a plant and its garter.
The best time for watering is in the evening, when the irrigation water in barrels or other containers is well warmed up by the rays of the sun. This tomato is watered infrequently, but abundantly. It is better to water at the root, trying not to soak the leaves once again. The soil should not dry out, especially during flowering and intensive fruit growth. As they move to maturation, watering is reduced. While the overgrown bushes allow, after watering it is necessary to loosen the soil, slightly hilling the plants and destroying the weeds.
The first time the bushes are fed 15-17 days after planting the seedlings, and then they do it every two weeks. In top dressing, you can use any kind of fertilizer, but after the start of fruit setting, the nitrogen content in them must be reduced, and then reduced to zero. The first two times, tomatoes are usually fed with mullein infusion (1:10) with the addition of 15–20 g of superphosphate per bucket of water (spend a liter of solution per bush). Subsequently, infusions are made from 20 g of superphosphate and a handful of ash per 10 liters of water.
The Konigsberg tomato is so resistant to diseases that many gardeners even forget about preventive spraying. Still, you should not neglect this event, but there is no need to use anything from heavy artillery, it is enough to use Fitosporin a couple of times a season. And only in the event of an attack by diseases and pests, which happens very rarely, to take more serious measures.
Fitosporin is one of the most harmless drugs for fighting diseases
All indeterminate tomato varieties must be formed, and Konigsberg is no exception. It is customary to grow this variety in two stems. This means that, in addition to the main stem, they leave one more low-lying strong stepson. Most often, the first stepson becomes the second trunk, which appears already under the first brush with flowers. The rest of the stepchildren appearing in the leaf axils are constantly removed without leaving hemp as soon as they grow up to 3-5 cm. However, mass pinching is extremely undesirable, since it weakens the bush. It is necessary to make it a rule to engage in this procedure weekly, breaking out no more than 2-3 copies.
It is better not to let the stepsons grow to the sizes shown in the figure.
In addition to removing the stepsons, as the bushes grow, the lower leaves are gradually cut off, especially if they turn yellow. By the time the lower fruits grow to normal size, a minimum number of leaves are left under them. And when the bush reaches too high a height, the point of its growth is also pinched. Just what does too big mean? An indicative sign - if 7-8 brushes with fruits have already formed on it.
Depending on the conditions, a common trellis or individual strong stakes can act as a support for the bushes. Tying up the stems is absolutely necessary, and this should be done more than once a season. Unfortunately, the stems of Konigsberg are fragile, and as the tomatoes form and become heavier, the bush will simply collapse without a garter. Tie the stems in a figure eight using any soft twine.
With careful observance of fairly simple rules of agricultural technology, any subspecies of Königsberg tomato will bring a very high yield of large, beautiful and amazingly tasty fruits.
The Konigsberg tomato variety is relatively young, but managed to win the hearts of many gardeners throughout our country. It is a cold-resistant variety that bears fruit with large tomatoes, used both fresh, for making delicious salads, and for any preparations. The variety of colors seen in the cultivar varieties adds to the interest in this tomato.
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Königsberg is a popular heart-shaped tomato. It was bred by Siberian breeders for cultivation in various climatic zones. Tomato Konigsberg, according to the description of the variety, photos and reviews, has several varieties: gold, heart-shaped, pink new and striped. Let us consider in detail the main characteristics of the variety, the features of cultivation and care.