Characteristics and description of the tomato variety Alsou


When choosing a variety of tomatoes, gardeners pay attention not only to the endurance and unpretentiousness of the variety, but also to its appearance and reviews of taste. The Alsou variety will satisfy even the most demanding farmers.

Description and characteristics of tomato Alsou

Alsou tomato was bred by breeders of Siberia in 2008. Refers to varieties mid-early maturation... Ripening period 92-105 days from the moment of landing.

According to the characteristics, it can be grown both in greenhouses and in the open field.

When growing in a greenhouse, the bush reaches a height of 130-185 centimeters, and in open beds 85-100 centimeters. A tomato bush with a weak stem, therefore, requires mandatory garter and pinching.

Fruits, depending on the growing conditions, can be heart-shaped, ribbed, or flat-round with slight ribbing. Fetal weight as described varies from 250 gr. up to 900 gr. The skin is firm but not rough.

The pulp of a tomato is fleshy, juicy, has a watermelon-sweet taste. Color from pinkish-crimson to bright red. Productivity from 4.5 to 7.5 kg. from one bush.

Advantages and disadvantages

This type of tomato has the following advantages:

  • a great sweet sugar taste;
  • good yield;
  • ripening ability;
  • cultivation is universal (it grows equally well both in greenhouses and in open ground);
  • early maturation;
  • excellent presentation;
  • good transportability;
  • storage duration;
  • ease of care;
  • high resistance to disease;
  • tolerates drought and cold weather well;

The disadvantages of Alsou are:

  • weak stems, requiring pinning and garters;
  • not used for canning as a whole due to the large size of the fruit.

Sowing seeds for seedlings

It's no secret that a good harvest depends on the quality of the grown seedlings.

To grow good seedlings, you must follow the planting and care rules:

Seed preparation

Before boarding, you must select quality seeds... This can be done by soaking the seeds for 10 minutes in a sodium chloride solution. Seeds that have floated to the surface are discarded, since they are not suitable for planting. We wash the ones that have sunk to the bottom and soak them in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate.

Disinfected seeds soak in a growth stimulator... After that, we wrap the seeds with a cloth and put them in the refrigerator for 14 hours to harden.

Taking seeds out of the refrigerator we warm them up for 7 hours at 22 degrees... We cover the saucer with damp filter paper, put the seeds on it for germination. We make sure that the paper is always wet during germination.

Soil preparation

Soil is recommended cook from autumn... After digging the beds, loosen the earth well, break up the lumps, mix in equal parts with humus or peat and sifted river sand.

Leave the prepared soil in the cold for the winter. At the end of February, bring the soil into the room, abundantly pour over with a strong solution of manganese and heat on the stove at a temperature of 90 degrees. Add 200 gr. To the prepared soil. ash to normalize the acidity level. Cool the soil to 15 degrees, pour into a container for planting and level well.

Sowing seeds

Sowing seeds must be done in the last days of February... In the finished soil, make holes 0.7 cm deep and spread the seeds at a distance of 2.5 cm from each other. Sprinkle with a thin layer of soil, moisten with a spray bottle and cover with polyethylene.

We take the container to a dark room with a temperature +24 degrees... After 5 days, when the first shoots appear, we remove the polyethylene and bring it into a well-lit room with a temperature of 14-15 degrees. Since tomatoes love good light, it is recommended to create additional lighting with fluorescent lamps.

Watering should be moderate.

Dive

When will the seedlings appear 2 sheets they must be transplanted into separate containers. This must be done very carefully so as not to damage the not yet strengthened root system. It is recommended to replant seedlings with a clod of earth from the previous place of growth.

Hardening

When appearing on seedlings 3-4 sheets seedlings must be hardened. A week before planting in open ground for the first two days, we take out the seedlings for 2-3 hours on the balcony. The next days we leave the seedlings on the balcony for the whole day. Two days before planting, we leave the seedlings for a whole day.

Planting seedlings in open ground

When transplanting seedlings into beds, it must be borne in mind that tomatoes are loved well lit area... The soil on the site must be light and fertile.

Before planting seedlings, to prevent diseases, the soil must be watered with a hot concentrated solution of potassium permanganate.

Planting seedlings should not be thick. The width between seedlings in a row should be not less than 50 cm, and the row spacing 70 cm... The holes should not be made deep, it is necessary that the seedlings are transplanted to the same depth as before transplanting.

After planting, the seedlings must pour from a watering can under the root and fertilize with ash... Further watering should be carried out as the soil dries up. After watering, the soil must be loosened so that a crust does not form on the surface, which prevents the penetration of oxygen to the roots.

You need to form a bush in two or three barrels... Since the bushes are tall, it is necessary to tie them up to stable supports. In the process of growth, seedlings are fertilized with a mullein. At the time of flowering, it is better to apply fertilizers containing nitrogen to the soil. When forming fruits, tomatoes need fertilizing with fertilizers containing magnesium sulfate.

Diseases and pests

Alsou tomatoes are quite resistant to various kinds of diseases, but sometimes they are exposed to such diseases as brown spot and late blight.

To prevent this disease, the bushes must be treated with preparations containing copper, and to prevent insect damage, the bushes must be treated with insecticides.

Harvesting and application

The harvest begins in June... Fruits ripen gradually until August. Unripe fruits can be picked, put in a box and left to ripen indoors. Apples will help speed up ripening. This fruit gives off ethylene, which promotes the rapid ripening of the tomato fruit.

You can use this variety fresh for salads and snacks. This fruit is unusually tasty when baked. And also the fruits are used in the preparation of lecho, tomato juice, paste, ketchup.

By choosing this variety for planting on your site, you will be rewarded with a high yield and unusually tasty fruits. And unpretentious care will not require additional efforts from you.


Appearance

The fruits of the Alsou tomato have the usual bright red color, although some gardeners notice a pinkish tint in it. Most of the fruits on the bushes are flat-round, but this is usually not quite correct and some specimens may even show signs of heart-shapedness. This is a typical salad variety, as the large, bright fruits are mostly suitable for picking up a knife and chopping them up. This is not to say that the Alsou variety is well recognizable by the shape of the fruit: it is typical for many tomatoes, but the impressive size makes it possible to suspect that it is Alsou.

Mostly the fruits are flat-rounded, red, but variations are possible.


Features of growing in a polycarbonate greenhouse

Modern types of polycarbonate greenhouses have won the favor of vegetable growers. They not only look aesthetically pleasing, but the tomatoes ripen in them quickly, reaching a lot of weight. The landing rules include the following points:

  1. Seedlings are planted in the evening to reduce stress on the vegetable plant.
  2. Seedlings are transferred to a heated greenhouse, starting from the end of April, to an unheated one - at the beginning of May. The air temperature in the greenhouse should reach 25 degrees above zero.
  3. Planting depth is fifteen centimeters.
  4. Use a two-row or staggered landing order. For tall people, it is important to maintain a distance of sixty centimeters.
  5. Each tomato bush is sprayed with copper oxychloride in order to prevent diseases.
  6. After planting, tomatoes are watered abundantly. Then, for two weeks, moisture is minimal. After that, they switch to the watering regime in the amount of three to four times a week, in the morning, abundantly.

The polycarbonate from which the greenhouse is made is a material that perfectly protects tomatoes from the harmful radiation of the sun. Modern designs will help to have a good harvest in areas where the heat rarely looks.

It is in greenhouses that you can get larger fruits from tomatoes than in open ground.


Testimonials

Maria, 61 years old: "Alsou tomatoes from" Siberian Garden "grew by 500-600 grams without a greenhouse, on the street. The first fruits ripened on the vine, the rest we picked green in August, and they ripened well. Everything went into fresh salads. "

Emma, ​​57 years old: “We planted Alsou tomatoes three years ago - both in the greenhouse and on the street. It was too hot and damp in the greenhouse, the fruit did not set well and fell ill early. Since then, in the greenhouse, we plant only hybrids, and Alsou is good in the open field. The bushes are ventilated and do not get sick. We sell part of the harvest in the market, Alsou are dismantled quickly - they are beautiful and you can see that they are delicious.


Characteristics of the variety

The Alsou tomato variety is a fairly new variety of Russian selection. It is perfect for both greenhouses and open beds. It should be borne in mind that when grown in open ground, determinant Alsou bushes can reach a height of 80 cm. In a greenhouse, the height of the bushes will be about 1 meter. Despite such a height, standard form, plants of this variety do not accept.

The green leaves of this variety are of medium size. Abundant fruiting of the Alsou variety is due to the fact that the ovaries are formed every 2 leaves. Moreover, the higher the tomatoes are located on the bush, the smaller they are in size.

Alsou tomato is an early ripening variety. This means that you can harvest its first crop in 90 - 100 days from the appearance of the first shoots. Tomatoes of this variety are heart-shaped with a slightly ribbed glossy surface. They have rather large sizes and an average weight of up to 500 grams, but specimens of 700 - 800 grams are also possible. Unripe fruits of the Alsou variety are colored green. Near their stalk, the color is darker by several tones. When ripe, the tomatoes acquire a bright red color, and the dark spot at the stalk disappears. Distinctive features of Alsou tomatoes are simple inflorescences and articulations on the stalks.

The flavor characteristics of this variety are excellent. The dense and juicy pulp of Alsou tomatoes has 6 nests. The dry matter in it is at an average level. It is perfect for salads and juices. The pulp of this variety contains a huge amount of beneficial vitamins and minerals. In particular, it is rich in vitamins A and C. In addition, it contains the strongest antioxidants: vitamin E and lycopene. This composition makes Alsou tomatoes not only tasty, but also healthy.

The main advantages of the Alsou variety include:

  • resistance to cold snap and drought
  • undemanding to soil
  • high yield - from 7 to 9 kg per square meter
  • good immunity to diseases and pests
  • excellent taste and market characteristics
  • large fruit size.

In addition to the advantages, Alsou tomatoes have disadvantages:

  • seedling, young seedlings and the stem of an adult plant are rather weak
  • tomatoes of this variety are not suitable for canning as a whole.

Despite the disadvantages, the Alsou tomato variety is quite successful. It is actively cultivated for sale. Subject to agrotechnical recommendations, he will give the gardener a rich harvest of large fruits.


Agrotechnics of tomato

The agricultural technology of Alsou tomato is the same as that of other types of culture, but naturally there are some subtleties that should be taken into account.

Seedlings of this variety need constant attention and care, since during the period of development the plants are very weak. If you do not create the right conditions for the first shoots, the shoots after germination quickly stretch out and die. The most important thing is that the seedlings appear smoothly and harmoniously.

Seedling material is very fragile and delicate, during transplanting, the sprouts should be handled very carefully, without breaking the plants or damaging the root system. Care consists in periodic weeding, loosening, regular watering as needed and adding mineral fertilizers to the soil.

As the plant grows, a strong support should be established, and after the fruit appears, tying each branch will be required. The formation of bushes consists in the removal of all stepsons located below the first brush and for better air movement, all the lower foliage is cut off.

Conducting an experiment on growing a new variety, such as Alsou tomato, one should see only the multiple advantages of this species. The result will exceed expectations and will delight you with an excellent harvest.


Watch the video: Grow Lots of Tomatoes.. Not Leaves. Complete Growing Guide


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