There are many drugs that destroy plant pests, but most of them are far from harmless to humans. They are used when it is still far from harvesting, but what to do if the fruits are already edible, and evil spirits destroy them? This is where it comes to the rescue Fitoverm, created on a natural basis. According to the instructions, it is practically harmless to humans, and after a couple of days it completely disintegrates, allowing you to safely eat the grown fruits.
The active substance of the drug is aversectin C... It is obtained from microorganisms that live in the soil. Fitoverm is used to destroy:
Its action is to paralyze the insect, as a result of which it dies of hunger on the second or third day after application. The duration of action is from one week to 20 days. Insects are not accustomed to phytoverm, so it can be used a large number of times.
The main advantage of this drug is low toxicity with a sufficiently high impact efficiency. It does not accumulate in the cells of fruits and leaves. It can be used in very hot weather, while it is contraindicated for other drugs. Another indisputable advantage is the low price. It can be used as beforeand during flowering fruit plants.
The drug is absolutely harmless to plants, but dangerous to bees.
The disadvantages include frequent use and the fact that the drug is washed off by the rain. Another small disadvantage is that this insecticide acts only on adult insects and is powerless against larvae, because they do not feed. Because of this, you have to process often.
Spraying should be carried out in the evening, because sunlight accelerates its decomposition. Follow the weather forecast so as not to process before the rain, otherwise the procedure will have to be repeated.
Nobody wants to introduce poison into the living space, but what to do if pests are in the flowers? Fitoverm will provide invaluable help here.
If pests are bred in the roots, Place the flower pot in heated water for twenty minutes, adult insects should emerge. They are collected, the plant is taken out of the pot and the roots are treated with phytoverm.
Violets are sprayed without touching the flowers, and put in a dark place until dry, otherwise the leaves will become spotty.
When growing remontant strawberries on a personal plot, the gardener will invariably encounter various insect pests. therefore it is necessary to carry out preventive spraying of strawberry bushes in a timely manner appropriate insecticides. Of these insecticides, Fitoverm is widely used.
The insecticide must be prepared in full accordance with the instructions immediately before use. Processing is carried out with a hand spray gun or mechanical spray guns.
It is necessary to carry out such spraying of strawberries with Fitoverm in early spring or during flowering in the morning and evening hours.
You need to prepare the solution in the following sequence: first dissolve the required dose in a small amount of water, mix well, and then add to the recommended volume.
The solution must be consumed immediately after preparation, the residues are poured into the soil for plants. In warm and hot weather, the application is more effective than in cold weather. Processing must be carried out at least four times.
Fitoverm does not become highly toxic even when the dose is exceeded. It can be used both outdoors and in greenhouses. Its use makes it possible not to change the soil in greenhouses, since it destroys the rootworm nematode, due to which the soil becomes infected and it has to be changed.
Since Fitoverm is a biological product, it cannot be mixed with chemicalsespecially if they are alkaline. But on the other hand, it is perfectly compatible with various biostimulants (Epin, Novosil, Tsitovit), growth accelerators and organic fertilizers. It is easy to check if the drugs are compatible by looking at is there a precipitate in the solution... If there is no sediment, everything is in order.
To improve the effectiveness of the impact it is recommended to add surfactants to the solution in the form of shampoos, liquid soap or gel, which will promote adhesion.
Fitoverm is assigned the third degree of danger, that is, it is moderately dangerous. When processing, you should use protective equipment such as rubber gloves, goggles or mask.
Processing should not be combined with eating and smoking. At the end of the work, you must wash your face and wash your hands with soap and water.
If the drug accidentally comes into contact with the eyes or skin, you need to wash this place with soap, if a person accidentally swallowed the substance, you need to take activated charcoal with plenty of water, induce vomiting and seek medical help.
Fitoverm does not lose its properties even in frost, the permissible temperature for its storage is from -15 to + 30 degrees. Its shelf life is two years. Keep out of reach of children. Do not pour leftovers into a reservoir, but burn the released packaging.
The excellent qualities of Fitoverm made it a favorite of gardeners and gardeners, and the plants grown with its help cannot but thank them with a bountiful harvest or beautiful flowers.
Fitosporin is the main drug used in the treatment of cucumber diseases. The tool is also used in the prevention of pathologies of vegetable crops caused by fungal infection and other infections. Due to the special composition of Fitosporin for cucumbers, harmful substances do not accumulate in the fruits after using the drug. In addition, the product does not repel pollinating insects.
It should be noted right away that broad-spectrum insecticides actually work well against many pests, but this is definitely not a panacea, since such drugs cannot cope with armored species. The reason is simple - the shell does not allow poisonous substances to penetrate deep into the depths, so the ticks calmly endure such treatment, continuing to conduct their harmful life activity.
In this case, it is necessary to use acaricides that can kill the tick from the inside. But what if the plants are affected not only by shells, but also by other types of insects? There is a way out and it lies in the use of complex means such as Fitoverma. Insectoacaricide, which has an enteric type of effect on pests, helps to get rid of the vast majority of them literally at one time.
As for the key properties of Fitoverm, the death of insects is carried out with the ingestion of the agent along with the plant sap and on the outer covers. So, first, the active substance affects the central nervous system of pests, and then provokes complete paralysis with subsequent death.
The action of Fitoverm can be observed after 6-8 hours in the greenhouse or 8-16 hours in the open field after the treatment. In addition, the drug has protective properties, the duration of action of which directly depends on weather conditions, with a favorable set of circumstances reaching a maximum of three weeks.
But the main advantage of an agent against plant pests is that it is not phytotoxic at all.
That is, processing can be carried out not only on the street, but also indoors, ridding crops grown on the windowsill from pests without any risk to plants and other inhabitants of the house.
Fitoverm is a remedy against pests of the fourth generation, the main advantage of which is the minimum harmful effect on the soil, flora and useful fauna of the site.
Among the advantages of the drug, you can also highlight:
Despite all these advantages, Fitoverm does not solve all pest problems due to some disadvantages:
Previously, I used Fitoverm only for processing indoor flowers, for some reason I considered it ineffective for the garden. In the season before last, a spider mite attacked the cucumbers, the situation was neglected, I thought the bushes were already being thrown out. The husband insisted on treatment with Fitoverm, there was practically nothing to lose. The result was surprising, after 3 treatments the ticks were gone, and the cucumbers quickly recovered, but they couldn't do without abundant "restoring" organic fertilizing. Now I understand that the effect was so good because of the favorable, hot weather. What's not to like - Fitoverm is expensive and smells unpleasant.
I carry out preventive spraying regularly, I visit the country once a week, I do not want to lose the harvest. Fitoverm works for 3 weeks, but only under dry, warm weather, so it is not always possible to provide protection to cucumbers, and I do not accept chemistry. To combat aphids and thrips, I also use Fitoverm (in a greenhouse and exhaust gas), I appreciate the drug for its fast action, but you need to know the peculiarities of insect development and do not miss the moment when adults appear from eggs or larvae. After processing the cucumbers, the Colorado potato beetle disappeared from the aphids, apparently part of the solution got to the tops - a pleasant plus!
According to the manufacturers, Fitoverm has a hazard class of 3, that is, moderately hazardous drugs. This means that it is necessary to work with it with the use of protective equipment - rubber gloves and a mask, glasses and wear tight clothing that covers the exposed parts of the body. The product is not phytotoxic, not toxic to animals.
It is necessary to dilute Fitoverm for processing on the same day, spend as much liquid as possible. Pour out the rest. Opening hours - evening or morning, on a quiet, calm, clear day. Air temperature - from 10 to 25 ° С. During work, eating is prohibited, smoking and drinking are prohibited.
Store the drug only in sealed original packaging at t from -20 ° C to 30 ° C. The place where the preparation lies should be dark and dry. Children and animals should not have access to it. Shelf life of Fitoverma is 2 years from the date of production.
The life of the chemical depends on the ambient temperature and humidity. On average, the period of validity is from five to fifteen days.
Efficiency is increased by a higher temperature, but excess moisture, on the contrary, sharply reduces the effectiveness of the drug. It is possible to process strawberries with Fitoverm in the spring, as well as until the onset of autumn.
But there are no perfect remedies. Like everything else, Fitoverm has its drawbacks.
There are many questions on the topic of how to dilute phytoverm for strawberries. To begin with, the product itself can be purchased in the form of a concentrate. According to the instructions, it must be diluted with water.
The volume of Fitoverm is different: from an ampoule of four milliliters to a five-liter canister.The most popular are volumes of fifty and one hundred milliliters.
Fitoverm is stored in the form of a concentrate for two years, but after dilution it must either be completely consumed or disposed of.
How to prepare the drug:
Attention! Preventive use of Fitoverm is excluded. Used only in cases of detection of insect pests.
Since Fitoverm is still a chemical, despite its low toxicity, individual precautions must be taken first of all.
In addition to Fitoverm, folk methods used as insect control have a good effect. For example, mustard. Mustard not only has an effect against insects, but also affects the quantity and quality of the crop for the better. It is sometimes planted between the beds.
Fitoverm from weevil on strawberries is good to combine with the use of mustard. This pest is considered one of the most common. It has a bad effect on the formation of ovaries, the number of berries is reduced by about 40%.
Fitoverm on whitefly strawberries produces a good effect.
Do not neglect the preventive treatment of plants with folk remedies, then you will not have to resort to the use of potent chemicals.