In dachas, vegetable gardens, you can find various plants that give a crop rich in vitamins. Onion is considered one of the most widespread household crops.... This plant is found in almost every summer cottage. Next, we will consider the rules and timing of planting, the features of caring for family onions in the open field.
This herb, also called shallots, is a multi-nested variety of onions. The family bow is a perennial crop. This culture got its interesting name due to its peculiarity - a so-called family, "nest" is formed from one bulb from which many other bulbs emerge. On average, the number of such daughter bulbs is up to 10 pcs. The diameter of the daughter bulbs reaches 4 cm, weighing up to 50 g.
The form of daughter bulbs occurs:
All daughter bulbs are attached to the mother and for this reason they are irregular in shape and slightly pointed at the attachment point.
The color of onion scales is:
In the context, the bulb is white or pinkish-lilac in color.
This culture has lush greenery. The feathers of the bulb are thin and delicate, and sometimes covered with a waxy coating. Greens reach a height of 30-50 cm.
The feathers of the plant do not coarse throughout the season and remain juicy.
The root system of this culture is fibrous, weakly branched and located in the arable layer.
Family onion inflorescences are presented in the form of an umbrellawhich is located on the high arrow. The latter can reach up to a meter in height. The seeds are similar in appearance to the onion seed, but smaller in size.
This culture has a lot of varieties, which are divided into:
It is characterized by rounded bulbs. The husk of this variety is pink-brown. Bulb weight reaches 20-30 g... There are up to 5 pieces in a nest.
It is characterized by egg-shaped bulbs. The scales are white. Their mass reaches 32 g.
It is considered one of the best early maturing varieties. The bulbs are large in size, reaching up to 40 g. There are usually 10 pieces in a nest.
In addition, the most common early varieties are Kaskad, Family, Belozerets 94, Rostovsky, etc.
It is characterized by round-flat bulbs. Their mass is on average 20-30 g. There are 4-5 pcs in the nest.
It is characterized by rounded flat bulbs. The mass is 25-30 g. There are 3-4 in a family. The color of the scales is yellowish brown.
It is a highly productive variety. Bulbs reach a mass of up to 25 g, brownish-pink color.
In addition, popular mid-season varieties are Guran, Uralsky 40, Sophokl, Monastyrsky.
It is characterized by bulbs of round or round flat shape. Yellow scales... The family has 3-4 pieces.
Characterized bulbs weighing 23-52 gcovered with pink scales. There are 4-5 pieces in a family.
Characterized rounded flat onions 28-30 g each... The scales are yellow. There are usually 6-7 pieces in a family.
In addition, the Merneulsky, Zolotinka and Vonsky varieties are famous.
Growing this plant in the open field has some features. This culture is not afraid of frost and is planted in March-April.... The greens are ready to be harvested in May, and the head of the bulb will ripen a month later.
To get early greens, family onions must be planted in mid-October, then the plant has time to take root, but will not begin to grow. The culture will delight with the harvest of greenery in April.
Although the family onion is considered a frost-hardy plant, but for the winter it is recommended to plant it in the southern territories... In the middle lane and in the Urals, during severe frosts, about half of the planted onions is lost.
In order to grow a good harvest, you need to choose the right site and prepare the soil. The culture germinates well in sunlit areas. The plant thrives in fertile, moderately moist soils, which must be prepared in advance before boarding.
If the planting is carried out in the spring, then the soil is prepared in the fall.: the soil is cleared of weeds, and then dug up to a depth of 20-25 cm.
For each square meter, make:
Before planting in spring for each square meter add 25 g of nitrogen fertilizer... If the planting of the plant will be carried out in the fall, then the soil is prepared in the summer.
To protect the plant from diseases, before planting the seed, it is recommended to soak it for half an hour in a solution of a fungicidal preparation or in a solution of potassium permanganate.
For planting, take small onions, approximately 3 cm in diameter. About 30 pieces are planted per square meter, at a distance of approximately 10 cm from each other. Onions are planted in moist soil, deepening by 10 cm.
When planting in spring, in order to increase yields and prevent shooting, it is recommended to cover the crops with lutrasil, which is removed after the first descents. Moreover, it is necessary to mulch the soil using humus or peat.
If planting is carried out before winter, then planting is carried out according to the same scheme, and mulching is carried out with peat.
Caring for a plant grown in open ground is not at all difficult and consists of the following:
At the beginning of growth, family onions should be watered periodically, because if the plant does not have enough moisture, it will quickly complete the growing season and the bulbs will not be able to fill up enough. Stop watering about a month before harvest... A layer of mulch will help trap moisture. For the whole season, watering is carried out at least 3 times.
The soil in the garden should not dry out.
In rainy weather water the plant less often, and in dry weather watering should be more frequent. In cloudy weather and no rain, the plant should be watered approximately once a week.
It is recommended to loosen the soil 1-2 times a week. It is necessary to constantly remove weeds to prevent the onion from becoming infected with incurable infections.
For larger harvests, it is recommended to thin out family onions in early July. During this period, you should not fertilize and water the garden. Indeed, instead of increasing its volume, the onion will continue to release greens.
When the arrows appear, it is recommended to cut them off.
Family onions tolerate feeding very well. What feeding to feed the plant:
It is necessary to stop fertilizing and stop feeding about a month before harvest so that the culture grows bulbs and does not continue to produce greens.
Family onions, in comparison with turnips, are distinguished by their refined taste and quick preparation. After its use, there is practically no smell from the mouth. For these reasons, the plant has become a real boon for gourmets. And the cultivation of this culture is an absolutely uncomplicated task and is within the power of novice gardeners.
The underground part of the plant forms nests in which the bulbs grow and develop.
Each nest can have from 5 to 30 onion fruits, for which the vegetable received its second name - a family.
This method is applicable for growing outdoors during spring or autumn. If you want to grow a green feather, you need to plant it in the summer. In order to get a harvest of ready-to-eat onions after the very first planting, choose the best varieties for yourself and buy immediately a set, which can be found almost everywhere in the Moscow region! Correct fit:
Nevertheless, in the summer, onions need to be looked after especially. The main thing in the growing process is to monitor the beds and prevent the death of the plant, tasty feather and future tasty harvest.
To select a variety, one proceeds from the region of growing vegetables. What grows well in the middle lane does not suit the climate of Siberia. The description of the variety also plays an important role, you need to know what the family onion looks like in the photo:
A family is selected taking into account the taste of the bulbs, the timing of the ripening of the vegetable. Among those giving large heads is the Kvochka variety. It is worth paying attention to it in order to get multi-colored fruits suitable for salads and for cooking.
When growing seedlings in the open field during spring planting, seedlings appear above the soil surface for 9-11 days... If the planting work was carried out in October, then the first greenery breaks through, depending on weather conditions, more often this occurs in early-mid April.
Greenhouse cultivation also guarantees different periods of emergence of seedlings, which is due to the variety of construction and the thermal conductivity of its surfaces. In the most ordinary polycarbonate greenhouse, you can see the greenery making its way from the ground in late February and early March.
When using the bridge method of growing seedlings, you can get the first shoots 5-6 days after disembarkation.
It is not difficult to take care of a decorative bow, it is enough to know the key features and basic needs of allium.
Ornamental onions are a fairly drought-resistant plant that can tolerate short periods of drought without consequences. Stagnation and excess moisture is much more destructive for bulbous than its deficiency. Excessive moisture causes bulb rot and death of the entire plant. Regular moderate watering is especially important during the active growing season of the plant, when the leaf mass and flower stalks are formed. Watering is carried out as needed. In a dry period - more often, in a rainy period - after the soil dries out. Weeding, loosening and mulching of the soil will also be a mandatory agrotechnical measure for caring for the plant.
Complex mineral and organic fertilizers (compost, wood ash, manure, bone meal) are used as top dressing. Top dressing must be applied at certain periods of plant development to help the crop cope with stress and stimulate further onion growth and development.
In the spring, in the phase of active leaf growth, bud setting and bulb formation, nitrogen-containing complexes in nitrate form are ideal, stimulating the above processes.
In the summer, it is rational to carry out liquid feeding with a full solution of mineral fertilizers. At the beginning of autumn, for top dressing, you need to use dry phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, preparing the plant for the winter period.
For the winter, it is better to mulch the site with humus or peat.
I take the dried onions home, along with the whole harvest.
This is how onions are stored for food. I keep onions for planting, of different fractions, in separate boxes.
In the kitchen, the temperature is sometimes quite high, but the onions keep well. The storage temperature of the onion for planting is +19 +22 degrees, otherwise the bow will go to the arrow.
The family bow is well kept. In many ways, it is better than a simple onion. You just need to want to grow it.