Chinese collard greens pak choi: varieties, features, cultivation and harvesting


The pak choi kale is one of the most ancient vegetable crops cultivated in China. Today it is popular in all Asian countries and is being aggressively promoted to Europe and North America. The main reason for such a triumphant procession is the simplicity of this variety and a huge number of useful qualities.

Description of pak choy kale

There are different points of view as to which group of plants the pak choy kale belongs to. Karl Linnaeus, for example, singled it out as a separate species. Often this culture is combined with Peking cabbage. In the State Register of Breeding Achievements Approved for Use on the Territory of the Russian Federation, Chinese cabbage is designated as a separate item.

Culture has different names in different countries and areas. The Chinese themselves call pak-choi an oily vegetable, as oil is made from its seeds. Other fairly well-known and common names for Chinese collard greens are petiole, white vegetable, mustard, celery, and even horse ear.

The appearance of the vegetable is more reminiscent of a large-leaved salad than a traditional cabbage.

This variety does not form a head of cabbage. It has an erect, semi-spreading or compact leaf rosette, the diameter of which can reach more than 35 cm. Powerful fleshy petioles are tightly pressed against each other, have an external bulge in the lower part of the plant. The leaf of the culture is large, delicate, slightly corrugated. Depending on the variety, the height of the plant can vary from 10 cm to half a meter. There are three varieties of Pak-choi, differing in the color of the leaf plates and petioles:

  • Joi Choi - with dark green leaves and bright, white petioles;

    Joi Choi is one of the most cold-tolerant Chinese kale varieties.

  • Shanghai Green - light green leaves and petioles;

    This variety of Chinese cabbage is compact, has light green stems, which are distinguished by a delicate taste and delicate aroma.

  • Red Choi is a plant with green petioles and bicolor leaves - green at the bottom and reddish-purple at the top.

    It is a hybrid variety of Chinese cabbage with a reddish-purple top and a green underside of the leaf blades.

Table: varieties of Chinese cabbage included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements

The listed varieties are recommended for cultivation in personal subsidiary farms in all regions of the Russian Federation. Both the leaves and the stalks of plants are eaten.

Photo gallery: pak choy kale varieties

Useful properties of Pak Choi and its harm

Pak-choy cabbage has a number of beneficial qualities for the human body:

  • the vegetable is low in calories. 100 g of the product contains only 13 kcal, so it is ideal for those who strive to keep fit;
  • helps to remove toxins, harmful cholesterol from the body;
  • cabbage leaves contain a large amount of ascorbic acid and other useful vitamins;
  • systematic consumption of vegetables has a beneficial effect on the elasticity of blood vessels, renewal of skin cells;
  • cabbage juice has a wound healing effect;
  • leaves and roots are saturated with trace elements, fiber and natural amino acids lysine.

This cabbage variety is literally loaded with anti-cancer agents and combines many other health benefits.

Chinese cabbage pak choy is very useful, but in some cases it can harm the body:

  • you should not use this variety for people with an allergic reaction to any types of cabbage;
  • it is also contraindicated for persons with a poor blood clotting rate.

It must be remembered that excessive consumption of vegetables, like other foods, can affect the hormones of the body.

Features of growing pak choy kale

In general, growing this variety of cabbage is not difficult. She is not capricious and generous in the harvest, but has a number of characteristics, in comparison with her relatives from the Cabbage family:

  • less demanding on soil fertility;
  • it has a short growing season. You can start harvesting early varieties as early as 3 weeks after germination;
  • its roots are shallow about 15 cm from the soil surface. This feature should be taken into account when loosening ridges;
  • if the planting dates are not followed, the culture may release an arrow and bloom;

    Pak-choi can shoot and bloom at the stage when daylight hours significantly increase

  • due to rapid ripening, the vegetable is not recommended to be processed with chemicals;
  • leafy Chinese can be cross-pollinated with Chinese cabbage
  • several crops can be grown per season.

Pak-choi belongs to the category of cold-resistant and early maturing crops.

Sowing Chinese kale

Pak-choy can be grown by direct sowing of seeds into the ground or through seedlings. So that the cabbage does not go to the arrow, it is important to observe the planting dates. When planting directly into open ground, this is done early - in April, so that the main growing season does not fall on a long daylight hours. According to gardeners' reviews, the August sowing of seeds gives the highest quality and abundant harvest.

May-July is a bad time for sowing Pak Choi. During long daylight hours, cabbage will bloom quickly and you will not get a high-quality harvest.

When grown by seedlings, the sowing of Chinese leaf is carried out in March in order to have full-fledged seedlings for planting in open ground by the end of April. If you plan to grow Chinese kale in a greenhouse, then seeds for seedlings are sown in February, so that in March Pak-choi seedlings have a well-developed root system, 4-5 true leaves and are ready for transplanting into the ground.

When deciding on a plot for Chinese collard greens, it is important to take into account the basic rule of crop rotation: do not plant a crop where cabbage or other cruciferous plants were grown last year. This is a very important requirement, since these plants have common pests.

Collard greens are grown in sunny places: the shadow should not be on the site for more than 3 hours

Chinese collard greens have no special requirements for soil nutrition. The soil should be at least moderately fertilized. Organic matter should be added to the garden bed that you set aside for Pak-choi (1 bucket per 1 square meter) in the fall. It will be useful to add superphosphate and potassium chloride (1 tablespoon for the same area). If necessary, the soil is limed. Before sowing, the soil is thoroughly loosened and 1 teaspoon of urea is added per meter of the bed. Later fertilization of Chinese cabbage is undesirable.

Growing seedlings

The seedling method of growing Chinese kale allows you to get an early harvest of the vegetable. At the beginning of growth, a seedling of a culture begins to form a long root, so it is rather difficult to transfer a transplant from a container to a permanent place.

In order not to create additional stressful situations for seedlings, it is recommended to grow them in individual peat tablets or pots and plant them in a permanent place without transshipment.

Seedlings ready for planting should have 4-5 leaves

Coconut substrate is perfect as a seedling soil. It meets the main requirement for soil - looseness. You can sow several seeds in each pot, but then pinch off the weak shoots and leave the strongest seedling. The seeds are planted in a pot to a depth of about 1 cm. If the planting containers are placed in a warm room, the sprouts will appear in 3-5 days. The seedlings will be ready for planting in the ground in about 3 weeks.

To prolong the harvest of a high-quality harvest, cabbage seeds should be planted in stages with an interval of 7-10 days.

Growing from seeds

Chinese kale seeds in a prepared garden bed can be sown in a variety of ways:

  • ribbon-lowercase. It provides for the distance between the tapes of 0.5 m, and between the lines - up to 30 cm;
  • into the holes. They are cooked at a distance of about 30 cm from each other. 3-4 seeds are planted in each hole, so that in the future it will be possible to choose the strongest seedlings.

Seeds are sealed to a depth of no more than 2 cm. Experienced gardeners are advised to immediately sprinkle the beds with ash and thus prevent the appearance of the main pest of cabbage - the cruciferous flea. When sowing in spring, it is recommended to insulate the plot with a covering material to protect the seedlings from possible return frosts.

Sprouts appear 5-10 days after sowing and grow quickly

Video: how to plant pak choy Chinese cabbage

Cabbage care

Collard greens are resistant to growing conditions and many diseases. To get a good harvest, you must adhere to the basic rules that significantly affect its quality and abundance:

  • it is necessary to carry out the thinning of plantings in time. The first is carried out in the phase of the appearance of a real leaf, removing weaker shoots at a distance of 8–10 cm. When the row is closed, the second thinning is carried out, leaving the plants at a distance of 25–30 cm;

    Correct thinning will ensure the growth of large outlets

  • watering the crop should be abundant. You can use the sprinkling method, but it must be borne in mind that excessive moisture can contribute to the spread of fungal diseases;
  • feeding can be carried out only if fertilizers were not applied during planting and only at the beginning of the growing season. It is preferable to introduce organic matter: mullein solution in a ratio of 1:10 or bird droppings 1:20. If you use mineral fertilizers, then pay attention to the fact that Chinese cabbage is capable of accumulating nitrates, therefore it is better to use a phosphorus-potassium complex;
  • special attention should be paid to preventive measures to protect plantings from pests: cruciferous flea beetles, cabbage whites caterpillars, snails and slugs. Frequent watering and loosening of the soil, dusting of plantings and soil with ash, spraying with infusion of tobacco dust, dandelion roots, tomato tops, mechanical removal of clutches of cabbage white eggs, collecting slugs will help protect plants. It is necessary to weed the weeds in time so that the pests do not find a refuge close to the cabbage beds.

Photo gallery: the main pests of the pak choy kale

To protect the crop from pests and diseases, it is not recommended to carry out processing and spraying with chemicals and agents that can accumulate in parts of the pack-choy.

Video: cruciferous flea on pak choy cabbage

Harvest

The first cut of cabbage leaves can be done about 3 weeks after germination. Young leaves are cut at a distance of 2-3 cm from the root, adults - a little higher. This technique allows you to get a repeated harvest of petioles and greens, since Pak-choy quickly forms new leafy shoots. For plants overexposed in the garden (more than 50 days), the leaf can become rough and tasteless.

Cut leaves are not stored for a long time, so they are harvested as needed and immediately used in salads or other dishes.

If you cut a plant in the initial phase of the formation of an arrow, then it does not lose its juiciness, deliciousness and usefulness.

Testimonials

Pak-choi kale is still rarely found in our summer cottages, although its many advantages (early maturity, cold resistance, high yield) make it a well-deserved contender for inclusion in the list of crops cultivated on the site.

  • Print

My name is Ludmila. Higher education, graduated from the Minsk Institute of Culture. I live in Belarus.

Rate the article:

(2 votes, average: 5 out of 5)

Share with your friends!


Bok-choy salad (pak-choy): growing and care, when to plant, reviews

Pak Choi cabbage is a Chinese collard with an interesting, slightly pungent taste. Suitable for preparing salads and other snacks. It grows very quickly - the leaves can be harvested within a month after planting the seeds. It is possible to grow a culture by direct sowing into the ground, as well as by seedling.

  1. Description of bok choy cabbage
  2. Varieties
  3. Reproduction methods
  4. Growing and caring for pak choy Chinese cabbage
  5. When to plant pak choy
  6. Growing conditions
  7. How to plant correctly
  8. Follow-up care
  9. When to harvest
  10. Diseases and pests
  11. Conclusion
  12. Reviews of pak choy Chinese cabbage

Features of an overseas guest

Unlike white cabbage, pak choy has several specific features:

  1. The plant does not form a head of cabbage. Because of this, many consumers confuse pumpkin crops with lettuce.
  2. The vegetable is a compact rosette of green leaves with thick stalks pressed together.
  3. One of the best features of the new product is the early ripening period - a month and a half after sowing the seeds. That is why pak-choi immediately fell in love with summer residents: it became possible very early to introduce fresh greens into the diet of families and consumers (if cabbage is grown for sale).
  4. High crop yield. In some regions, gardeners harvest several crops per season.
  5. Tolerant attitude of the plant to medium-fertilized soil.

For your information, cabbage contains lysine - a useful amino acid, which is the basis for building proteins in our body, which regulates metabolism. Many will be interested in the low calorie content of an overseas product - only 13 kcal per 100 g, which is the basis for including culture in the diet of those who want to lose weight. Cabbage has a high content of vitamins A, B, P, C, microelements.


Pak-choi pests

Cruciferous fleas can do a lot of damage to spring-sown Chinese cabbage. Losses can be avoided by covering the beds with agrofibre. They also scare off the pest by dusting the plants with ash or its mixture with tobacco dust (1: 1).

Unusual taste and benefits

Pak Choi cabbage has long been widely known in Southeast Asia. This vegetable is appreciated for Japanese, Chinese, and Korean cuisine.It is used as a side dish and as an independent dish.

Not so long ago, due to its unusual taste and the content of a whole range of useful properties, pak-choy cabbage has firmly established itself in European cuisine.

Pak Choi can be grown through seedlings. 15-18 days after germination and it's time to re-plant in the beds.

This plant is not demanding on the soil, it ripens quickly (in 25-30 days). Tolerant to the length of daylight hours, so it is possible to sow several times per season or overseed with an interval of 10 days

But sometimes Pak-choy cabbage does not take root after transplantation.Therefore, it is better to sow it in the ground.

The distance between the sown seeds should be 30 cm The rows should be done

smooth, neat. So that the surface does not dry out and the seeds do not disappear, the soil is covered with a film of Max 10 in the afternoon - and the cabbage sprouts are ready!

It is important that pak choy is not a precursor of any cabbage (they have common pests and diseases).

If there is no other territory, it doesn't matter. 3-5 days before sowing or planting, treat the soil with Pharmayod - 10 ml per 10 l of water Consumption of working solution 10 l per 3 m 2.

Pak Choi: Benefits

Pak-choi is prized for its low calorie content. saturation with microelements, fiber This product is ideal for those who want to lose weight. Its use helps to cleanse the body, eliminates the development of constipation, and reduces the amount of bad cholesterol.

The leaves, which contain huge amounts of ascorbic acid, are of particular value. If pak-choy is systematically used for food, the vessels will acquire plasticity and become strong.

Vitamin K, which is also found in cabbage, plays an irreplaceable role in blood clotting. Vitamin A is essential for the renewal of skin cells.

Lysine, iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, citric acid, vitamins PP, troupe B, etc. make this cabbage an irreplaceable product.

Below are other entries on the topic "Cottage and garden - do it yourself"

Subscribe to updates in our groups and share.

Let's be friends!

7 Comments

In our area, this cabbage is not particularly known and is not planted. And she is in no way inferior to white cabbage. Outwardly, it does not look like any cabbage, but more resembles the beetroot chard or large-leaf salad.
Pak-choi is undemanding to care, is not afraid of temperature changes and is rather early maturing. Cabbage has a high germination capacity, it is unpretentious.

Pak-choi can be grown using seedlings, or simply by sowing into the ground.
This product is ideal for those who want to lose weight, it helps to cleanse the body of toxins and decay products. Pak-choi eliminates the development of constipation, reduces the amount of bad cholesterol. If pak-choy is constantly eaten, the vessels will acquire elasticity. It contains vitamins PP, B, iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, citric acid.
The plant takes 3-4 weeks to form, this is a precocious cabbage. I sow it in grooves 3-4 cm deep. Sprinkle with ashes from a cruciferous flea. Pak-choi is resistant to diseases and gives a good harvest. I sow seeds first in April - May, then in late July - early August. Already 20-30 days after the seedlings hatch, you can harvest.

I carcass its fleshy leaves over high heat with a little oil, cook with mushrooms, meat - an excellent filling for dumplings is obtained. Try to plant pak-choi on the site - you will not regret it.

In our area, dry heat sets in early, which is why salad greens are not always able to grow tasty and juicy. Therefore, I switched to growing collard greens - it loves warmth and grows tender with good watering. The earliest greens are provided by pak-choy cabbage: the early-ripening varieties Alyonushka and Vesnyanka are ready for use in 1.5 months after sowing. Pak-choi does not tie heads of cabbage and looks more like a leaf beet (only white petioles). But in terms of culinary qualities, this is exactly cabbage: it can be eaten fresh, boiled, stewed. Fresh leaves are softer than those of cabbage leaves, with a bitter taste.

It is possible to grow Pak Choi through seedlings, but it does not matter when transplanting. Therefore, it is better to sow in peat-baked pots and plant in the ground in them. I sow directly into the ground at the end of April under a film cover. When the plants grow up a little, they easily tolerate a cold snap. In the spring, you can make several crops at intervals of 7-10 days to have a green conveyor longer. But in the middle of summer, with a long day, the plants will go into the arrow. However, at the end of June, early cabbage will do.

Tell me, is it possible to grow radish and pak-choy cabbage in a greenhouse in autumn? Can they be grown together? What varieties are suitable for this?

After harvesting the main crop (for example, early tomatoes and cucumbers) at the end of August, it is quite possible to grow another crop of early ripening vegetable crops in the vacant place in the greenhouse. You can start sowing even if the main plantings in the greenhouse are not completely harvested, since the stems of tomatoes and cucumber lashes by this time are devoid of most of the leaves and do not shade the space around them.
Sowing beds are prepared by slightly digging or loosening the soil, while adding humus (half a bucket per 1 m2) and ash (1-2 glasses per 1 m2).
Radishes are sown in grooves about 1 cm deep, which are located at a distance of ojf 10 cm from each other. Seeds are spread S every 4-5 cm and sprinkled with earth. The harvest of tender root crops ripens in about 5-6 weeks. For autumn sowing in heplice, it is necessary to choose early-ripening high-yield varieties: 'Mark'. ‘Mokhovsky’, Reflex F1 ’,‘ Baron ’,‘ All-season ’. ‘Hussar’, Camelot ’,‘ Caspar F1 ’,‘ Corsair ’. ‘Rover F1 Steadfast’, ‘Cherriet FT,‘ Helro ’,‘ Sachs PC.
Chinese collard greens pak choy does not form a head of cabbage and ripens within 30-35 days. It is cold-hardy and grows best when sown at the end of summer, when the heat subsides and daylight hours are waning. Seeds are sown in grooves, which are located at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other, the distance between plants in a row is 10-15 cm.
Early varieties are suitable for late sowing: ‘Alyonushka’, ‘Vesnyanka’. ‘Four seasons F1’ Blue F1 If space in the greenhouse becomes free before the end of August, you can sow more productive mid-season varieties: ‘Swallow’, ‘Swan’, ‘Pava’, ‘Yuna FT,‘ Chill ’F1,‘ Red Choi ’.
You can grow radishes and collard greens in the same greenhouse. These plants belong to the same family, so planting care and protection from pests and diseases are very similar for them.

A neighbor, after harvesting onions and garlic, introduces a little complex fertilizer or compost and sows pak-choy cabbage seeds. The second half of August for her is the ideal time, otherwise, if sowed earlier, it will go into the arrow. Care is simple: watering, weeding, fertilizing with complex fertilizer or urea (1-2 times). From butterflies, plants are sprinkled with ash or sprayed with an infusion of wormwood, and from slugs, thorny juniper is laid out in the garden. They harvest cabbage before freezing and prepare their favorite kimchi - in their family, this Korean delicacy goes better than sauerkraut!

Kimchi recipe
Pak-choi, so that the bitterness goes away, I soak in water for 1-2 days, changing the liquid once a day.
Then I drain the water, dip the cabbage in boiling water, count to 20 and immediately dip it in cold water (so that the leaves remain crispy). When the water drains, sprinkle each leaf with salt and stuff the cabbage with finely chopped
vegetables. Koreans use up to 16 types of fillings: daikon, ginger, coriander, onion, etc., but, most importantly, there must be bitter and sweet peppers, carrots and garlic. I measure the ratio of ingredients by eye. " Then I dip the head of cabbage into the brine (for 1 liter of water - 1 tablespoon with a slide of salt) and put it under oppression. You can eat even on the second day.
If the hostess does not have pak-choy cabbage, she uses Peking cabbage (sows it at the same time as pak-choy) or white cabbage. She thoroughly rinses the first one before cooking, since earth can clog between its leaves. The head of cabbage is cut into 4 parts or divided into leaves.
Olga KNYSH

Petiolate Chinese cabbage - pak-choi ... Okay, cabbage (essentially leaves), even if purely leafy ... But in order to breed for petiole, you need a subtle oriental mentality. Let's still be fair to European plant breeders: stalked celery and chard are their inventions. But when will one or the other ripen in your garden? And Pak Choi is a sprinter: grown through seedlings, it is ready by mid-June! She not only differs from her white-headed sister in appearance, but also in the richness of taste shades: sharper, more aromatic. Its petioles are dense, crispy. Pure white. The leaf is compact, glossy, dark green. ...
The Chinese woman is much more unpretentious than the queen of the garden. It will succeed in both cool and hot summers, not quite on waste soils, but where the white cabbage will definitely not grow. It is necessary to pay attention to its watering only absolutely in a drought.
The subtleties of agricultural technology
Nevertheless, Pak-choi does not grow quite like a weed, and when growing it, it is worth paying attention to some subtleties. This is a short-day culture: if you are late with sowing, you will go for bouquets. Therefore, it is safer to grow it from the middle of summer, and in the southern
districts it is possible to sow it in September: 50 days of vegetation is enough for it to get on the table. So we plant three-week seedlings either around April 20, or after mid-summer. Pak-choi is more cold-resistant than white cabbage: keep in mind when planting early in spring.
It is more reliable to grow seedlings: the cotyledon leaves of seedlings are severely damaged by mollusks, cruciferous flea beetles and vegetable podura.
Let the seedlings gain a bit of strength! The distance between the plants in the ridge is about 30 cm so that they do not close with leaves that look like horse ears (“horse ear” is a literal translation from Chinese “pak-choi”).
The best soil is composted sandy loam or light, loose loam. The reaction is desirably slightly acidic.
For loosening, mulching with organic matter, feeding with ash l (200 ml of volume per m2), cabbage will respond with a quick build-up of


Watch the video: Growing Asian Greens - Burpee


Previous Article

Detailed description of the onion variety stuttgarter rizen

Next Article

Information About Celeriac