Cabbage Megaton F1: growing a crispy Dutch hybrid in the garden


Megaton cabbage is famous for its productivity. This culture has a medium late ripening period and surpasses many analogues in taste characteristics. And due to its high sugar content, the variety is the most suitable for fermentation.

Breeding history

Megaton F1 is a Dutch variety. This type of cabbage was developed by hybridization at the seed company Bejo Zader. On the territory of Russia, it is grown in all regions except the Middle Volga region. It has been in the State Register since 1996.

Description and characteristics of the variety

Megaton F1 is a fairly productive variety. The crop yield reaches 9 kg from 1 m2... 136-168 days pass between the emergence of seedlings and full ripening of the fruits.

Megaton F1 is distinguished by its large size in comparison with other varieties

The socket is large, placed in a raised or horizontal position. The leaves are large, strongly concave, have a rounded shape and wavy edges. The plates are light green in color, their surface is covered with a waxy coating.

The heads of cabbage are half-covered. They are light green in color, large in size, rounded and dense in structure. The weight of a head of cabbage is 3-5 kg, however, there are cases when one cabbage reached 15 kg in weight. The stump is short, its length does not exceed 15 cm. The cabbage is crispy and juicy.

Video: Megaton F1 variety review

Advantages and disadvantages - table

DignityDisadvantage
Good yieldShort storage - 1-3 months
High taste indicators
Resistance of the head of cabbage to cracking under the influence of temperature extremes
Good transportability
Resistant to gray mold, keel and fusarium wilt

Landing features

Cabbage prefers fertile, breathable loamy soil with low acidity. The place should be well lit by the sun. It is undesirable to choose an area where cabbage, turnip or radish used to grow.

Important! The Megaton F1 variety is recommended to be planted after potatoes, carrots and tomatoes.

Planting of the Megaton F1 variety is made in slightly acidic loam

Preparation begins in the fall after the completion of the harvest. The beds are dug to a depth of 20 cm and at the same time added to the soil by 1 m2 10 kg of rotted manure or humus. In the spring, before planting, the soil is cultivated to a level of 15 cm.

Important! The area where cabbage is supposed to be planted must be fertilized with organic substances, this will contribute to the formation of a good root system of the plant.

You can plant cabbage in a seedling and non-seedling way. Each method has its own advantages. In seedless cultivation, the root system grows deep into the soil, which increases the drought tolerance of the crop... And the fruits ripen earlier by about 10 days.

The seedless method is less time consuming, but does not guarantee 100% germination

Seedless cultivation has the following features:

  1. Planting is performed from early April to the last decade of June.
  2. In order to disinfect the seeds, they are preliminarily immersed in water at a temperature of 50 ° C for 20 minutes.
  3. Then they are cooled for five minutes in cold liquid. The seeds are well dried, after which they are ready for use.
  4. In the tenths of April, on a site after 40–45 cm, holes are dug with a depth of 3–4 cm, a distance of 60–70 cm is left between the rows.
  5. Each hole is filled with 0.5 l of water, 4–5 seeds are placed, then covered with soil.
  6. Then the site is covered with a layer of humus or sawdust, this will prevent the formation of a crust.
  7. When shoots appear and each plant has two leaves, thin out the cabbage. The first time, the two strongest shoots are left. After the formation of three or four leaves on the seedlings, the re-thinning is carried out, leaving only one most developed sprout.

The seedling method requires more time and effort, but allows you to achieve high germination

Seedling cultivation is carried out taking into account the following requirements:

  1. The seeds are germinated in pots no more than 5 cm high. For this, the containers are filled with a soil mixture of sand, turf and peat. The components are mixed in a 1: 1: 1 ratio.
  2. Seeds are planted from the second half of March to April. They are buried 1 cm into the substrate, keeping a distance of 1.5–2 cm.
  3. The boxes are installed in a room with a temperature of 25 ° C. After the emergence of seedlings, the indicators are reduced to 10 ° С for a week, after which they are again increased to 15–17 ° С.
  4. Containers with cabbage are placed in an illuminated place, but without direct ultraviolet rays.
  5. After 5–7 days, the first shoots will appear, which need additional feeding. The first is produced after the formation of 2 leaves (2.5 g of ammonium nitrate, 4 g of superphosphate, 1 g of potassium chloride per 1 liter of water), the second - after 10-12 days (3 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 liter of water), the third - for 2 days before planting in the ground (3 g of ammonium nitrate, 2 g of potassium chloride, 8 g of superphosphate per 1 liter). Add 200 ml of nutrient composition to each pot.
  6. When three leaves are formed, the seedlings dive, that is, each plant is placed in a separate pot... Before this procedure, the cabbage is watered abundantly. The plant is removed with an earthen lump and the root is pinched at a third of the length. When transplanting, the cabbage is buried at the level of the cotyledon leaves.
  7. The culture is hardened 10–12 days before moving into open ground. To do this, cabbage is taken out into the street for 2-3 hours in the daytime.
  8. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place after 45–55 days, when the plants have 6 leaves each.

Important! Seedlings need systematic watering. The soil should be constantly kept moist.

Video: master class on planting cabbage in the ground

Crop care and cultivation

During the entire growing season, it is necessary to regularly water and huddle the cabbage, as well as loosen the soil.

How to water properly?

The water should be warm (18-22 ° C). The best time to water is morning or evening. You should also take into account the weather conditions. With heavy and frequent precipitation, the procedure is suspended until the soil dries out. After watering or rains, the soil around the plants must be loosened to a depth of 5–7 cm. 15–20 days before harvesting, cabbage moistening is stopped.

Timely watering is an important step in plant care.

There are several watering options:

  1. The most convenient and least costly of them is the use of furrows, which are made between the rows to a depth of 10–12 cm. But this method also has a drawback. It can only be used on level ground.
  2. Sprinkling with a watering can or a spray hose is a more effective method. It is suitable for uneven terrain and can be used on all types of ground. But after such watering, a soil crust forms. In addition, the method is quite time consuming.
  3. The most effective method is drip irrigation. Water is supplied through special plastic pipes, inside of which droppers are built. This irrigation option is suitable for difficult terrain and saves water. Twice less liquid is spent than with sprinkling. But this method of irrigation is quite costly.

Table: terms and rates of watering

PeriodFrequencyWater consumption (per 1 m2)
Within two weeks of plantingEvery 2-3 days10 l
From the third week after disembarkationEvery 7 days12 l

In hot weather, it is recommended to sprinkle cabbage leaves with water using a watering can... It is best to do this in the morning. In the afternoon, the plant is exposed to sunlight and spraying will cause burns.

Hilling

3 weeks after planting, the cabbage is spud. Subsequently, the procedure is performed every 10 days.

Important! Hilling contributes to the formation of additional roots, which has a positive effect on the quality of the future harvest.

Top dressing of cabbage

During the growing season, fertilizers are applied under the cabbage three times.

Top dressing n

Table: order and amount of top dressing

Application timeNutrient compositionNorm
14-15 days after planting1 liter of liquid cow dung per 10 liters of water0.5 l per plant
2 weeks after the first feeding
At the stage of head formation10 g urea, 10 g potassium sulfate per bucket of water

Diseases and pests

Megaton F1 is resistant to serious diseases such as gray mold, keela and fusarium. However, the variety can be negatively affected by other ailments and pests.

Table: diseases specific to cabbage

DiseasesSymptomsTreatment methodsPrevention
Vascular bacteriosis
  • the edges of the leaves become yellow, in the affected areas the veins turn black;
  • the main stem darkens;
  • the lower leaves fall off, as a result of which the heads of cabbage stop developing.
Double spraying with an interval of 10 days when signs of damage with Planriz (10 ml per 10 l of water) appear.Compliance with crop rotation
Blackleg
  • the base of the stem becomes watery, turns dark and decays;
  • as a result, the plant dies.
Introduction of bleach into the soil to a depth of 20 cm (20 g per 1 m2).
  1. Avoiding waterlogging of the soil and thickening of plantings.
  2. Adding to the soil 3 days before planting powdered sulfur (5 g per 1 m2).
Peronosporosis
  • the tops of the leaves are covered with rounded spots;
  • on the lower part of the plates, a bloom of purple, gray or white appears;
  • diseased leaves darken, wrinkle and dry out;
  • the fruits are deformed.
  1. Processing at the fruiting stage with 1% Bordeaux liquid.
  2. Spraying is carried out every 7 days and ends one week before harvest.
Cleaning of plant residues. Compliance with crop rotation.
Head yellownessleaves turn green-yellowCopper sulfate treatment (5 g per 10 l).Destruction of affected plants.
White rot
  • the leaves are covered with mucus;
  • on the surface and between them, a porcini mushroom, similar to cotton wool, develops, after which black spots appear
Observance during storage of the required temperature regime.
  1. Compliance with crop rotation.
  2. Harvesting cabbage before the rainy season.

Diseases of cabbage in the photo

Table: pests infecting Megaton F1

PestsSignsWays to fightPrevention
Cruciferous fleas
  • the pest eats the upper layers of leaf tissue, which leads to the appearance of ulcers;
  • subsequently, tears form in the affected areas;
  • the cabbage withers and dies.
Treatment of a plant when a pest appears with Hexachloran (10 g per 10 m2).Early planting, due to which the plant has time to harden by the period of the pest's activation.
Cabbage fly
  • the females lay their eggs in the soil, the larvae damage the root system.
  • the cabbage withers, the lower leaves take on a lead color.
  1. Pollination with dust (5 g per 1 m2).
  2. Watering cabbage with a solution of Thiophos 0.03% concentration (250 g per plant) or Chlorophos with a concentration of 0.25% (200 g).
Sprinkling the soil with a mixture of naphthalene and sand mixed in a ratio of 1: 7 or lime and tobacco dust - 1: 1, consumption 300 g per 10 m2
Cabbage mothIn the first half of June, the pest lays eggs on the leaves, the caterpillars that appear eat the pulp of the leaves, in which holes appear.Spraying with Chlorophos 0.15% concentration or Entobacterin 0.4% concentration (500 ml per 10 m2).Compliance with crop rotation.
Cabbage scoopCaterpillars eat up leaf tissue, from which only veins remain.
Cabbage white
Aphid
  • brown and white spots form on the leaves;
  • sheet plates are curled.
Treatment with 0.2% solution of Anabazine sulfate (5000 ml per 10 m2).

Photo Gallery: Cultural Attacking Insects

Harvesting and storage of crops

If the cabbage was planted in a non-seedling way, it will take from 136 to 168 days for the crop to ripen; when using the seedling method, this process will take 100-105 days. The harvest is usually taken in September or October.

Harvesting occurs in early to mid-autumn

Harvesting cabbage is recommended in dry, cool weather (5–6 ° C). Heads of cabbage taken in a warm season may rot and wilt. The vegetables are cut with a knife. In this case, you should leave the lower leaves and part of the stump 3-4 cm in size.

Important! After completing the harvest, the site must be cleaned of all plant residues.

The fruit should be inspected before storage. Loose cabbages are best used for fermentation, and dense cabbage can be sent for storage. Forks should not be stacked or stacked on the floor. It is recommended to place them on planks, wooden racks or shelves. It is advisable to put dry straw under the heads of cabbage, it will absorb moisture.

Store cabbage at 1–2 ° С and humidity 90–95%. At higher rates, the vegetable is subject to rot, at cold temperatures it begins to freeze... Cellars or basements are usually used for storage.

The Megaton F1 variety is well suited for fermentation. But for the preparation of salads and stuffed cabbage, this cabbage is not used due to the high concentration of sugar in the leaves (5%).

Reviews of gardeners

Thanks to its crispy juicy fruits and good productivity, Megaton cabbage has gained wide popularity among gardeners. The sweet taste of the vegetable limits its use. But at the same time, Megaton is considered the best variety for fermentation. The quality of the crop depends on care, since this crop is demanding on fertilizing and watering.


This variety was developed by Dutch breeders. And like all varieties of vegetables bred in the Netherlands, this cabbage has a lot of positive qualities. It's worth starting with a description of the plant and its main characteristics.

Lennox cabbage is a late-ripening hybrid... Heads of cabbage ripen 5-5.5 months after the seed germination. It is recommended to grow it both in private backyards and for industrial purposes. Growing methods - both seedling and non-seedling.

Photo of Lennox cabbage

Lennox cabbage leaf rosettes are comfortable, medium-sized, half-raised. The foliage is large or medium in size, their shape is rounded, concave. The surface of the leaf plates is wrinkled, the color is emerald with a gray tint, with a waxy coating. This variety has very strong roots, so it tolerates drought periods well.

Heads of cabbage are round, compacted, half-covered with dense covering of foliage. Coloring - green with a gray tint. The average weight of ripe fruits is 1.7-2.3 kg. The stump is small. Lennox cabbage fruits are not prone to cracking.

100 g of this cabbage contains the following ingredients:

  • sugar - up to 5%
  • proteins - not less than 0.55%
  • dry matter - about 8.4%
  • ascorbic acid - up to 41.8 mg.

Video description of Lennox cabbage

Harvested heads of cabbage are universal, they can be salted and fermented, used for preparing salads and hot dishes. The taste of cabbage is sweetish, it lasts for almost the entire storage period. Harvested Lennox crop under appropriate conditions can be stored for up to 7-7.5 months.

And even ripe heads of cabbage, if they are not picked on time, stand on the bush for a long time without cracking or losing their taste. Many summer residents note that if the heads of Lennox cabbage in the garden are affected by a slight cold snap (up to -2-3 degrees Celsius), they become sweeter and juicier.

Photo of Lennox Cabbage seeds


Advantages and disadvantages

Advantages of Megaton:

  • high yield
  • frost resistance
  • head of cabbage resistance to cracking
  • immunity to major diseases of culture
  • great taste without bitterness
  • preservation of the presentation during the transportation of the crop.

  • not suitable for long-term storage
  • heads of cabbage require two weeks of ripening
  • during storage there are no visible signs of decay - the forks deteriorate from the inside.

Differences from other varieties and hybrids:

  • low susceptibility to crop pests
  • resistance to temperature changes
  • no problem with heading
  • ubiquity of cultivation.

Benefits of the variety

The main advantages of cabbage Three heroes include:

  • high yield
  • large head size
  • excellent commercial qualities
  • heads of cabbage can be transported over any distance, while they do not crack and do not lose their good taste
  • under appropriate conditions, the crop can be stored until next spring
  • plants are resistant to cold weather
  • harvested crop - universal purpose
  • the variety is not capricious, does not require special care
  • resistance to changes in weather conditions.

Of the minuses of the Three Bogatyrs, it should be noted that this variety does not tolerate even a short-term drought, therefore, the irrigation regime must be carefully observed.


Cabbage variety Megaton (F1)

Megaton is a medium-late-ripening white cabbage variety originated by the Dutch seed company Bejo Zaden. From the emergence of full shoots to harvest, 136 - 168 days pass.

In 1996, the variety was included in the state register.

Currently, it is approved for use in all regions of Russia, except for the Middle Volga region (Republic of Mordovia, Penza region, Samara region, Republic of Tatarstan, Ulyanovsk region).

The rosette of leaves is large, horizontal or semi-raised. The leaves are large, rounded, strongly concave, with a wavy edge. The color of the leaves is light green with a waxy bloom of medium intensity.

Heads of cabbage are juicy, dense, large, round, smooth, light green, semi-covered, with an average weight of 3-4 kg (some specimens reach 10-15 kg). Covering leaves are slightly wrinkled, with an anthocyanin sheen.

The inner stalk is very short (up to 15 cm).

The yield of marketable products is 586 - 934 c / ha, which is 91 - 147 c / ha higher than the indicators of standard varieties Podarok and Slava Gribovskaya 231. The maximum marketable yield recorded in the Moscow region is 1053 c / ha (this is 361 c / ha above the Amager 611 standard).

Heads of cabbage contain: protein - 0.6 - 3%, ascorbic acid 39.3 - 43.6 mg per 100 g of raw matter, total sugar - 3.8 - 5%, dry matter - 7.9 - 8.7% ...

This cabbage has a high taste when fresh, it is juicy and crispy. But, it is worth noting that the leaves contain too much sugar, and therefore Megaton is not suitable for preparing fresh salads and some culinary dishes (for example, cabbage rolls). But this hybrid is ideal for fermentation.

Advantages of Megaton cabbage: high yield, resistance to fungal diseases (fusarium wilting, keela, gray rot). In general, gardeners' reviews for this variety are always positive.

Among the disadvantages can be noted a short shelf life (only 1 - 3 months).


Harvesting and storage times

Snow White cabbage is usually harvested in September or early October, and then it is stored in the cellar for six months.

To maximize shelf life, it is important to properly assemble and fold the heads, cutting them only on a sunny and clear day. If you accidentally missed the right moment, and the heads of cabbage fell under the influence of early frosts, you should wait a few days until it thaws in the bud. If this is not done, dark spots will appear on the leaves in the first month after harvesting.

If this is not done, dark spots will appear on the leaves in the first month after harvesting.

We advise you to read how to properly store cabbage in the cellar.

In general, there is nothing difficult in growing Snow White cabbage, you just have to sow seedlings on time and properly organize further care for it. Ripe cabbage will certainly delight you with dense and juicy heads of cabbage, which you can use at your discretion.


Advantages and disadvantages, comparison with other varieties

Let us briefly note the main advantages of the Megaton cabbage variety:

  • high productivity and productivity
  • cold resistance and frost resistance, both during storage of heads and when growing seedlings
  • at sharp temperature changes, the head does not crack
  • cabbage Megaton f1 has a strong immunity to fungal diseases, so Megaton practically does not get sick with gray rot and fusarium
  • high palatability allows using cabbage in any form
  • possesses high transportable functions, does not break, does not fade, does not crack during long-term transportation, due to which it is widely used for growing on an industrial scale for sale in markets and in stores.
Perforation from insects

The disadvantages include poor keeping quality. Some varieties can be stored in the basement until the next harvest, but the Megaton F1 only survives until December or January, after which the head withers and becomes unfit for human consumption.

Cabbage Megaton: growing and care - video:


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