Tomatoes all year round are no longer a wonder. But if not from a supermarket package, but from a windowsill in your own apartment, this is exclusive. Juicy, ripe, sweet and, most importantly, environmentally friendly fruits on your table will delight the whole family. At the same time, there are no expenses, neither money, nor time. This review provides a description and characteristics of the best varieties of potted tomatoes.
Thanks to the efforts of breeders, many different hybrid varieties of tomatoes have appeared, unpretentious, but very productive, which easy to grow on a windowsill at home in an ordinary flower pot... By maintaining a suitable microclimate for tomato growth, you can pamper yourself with the unique taste of homemade tomatoes in winter.
As the ripening time of various early ripening varieties varies from 90 to 110 days, it is easy to calculate the date of planting seeds so that fragrant fresh tomatoes ripen to the New Year's table. The main thing is to choose the right variety that meets all your wishes. You will be able to harvest a large crop from a limited area at any time of the year.
For a window bed of tomatoes, standard and ampel varieties are suitable. They develop in height no more than 35-45 cm, do not branch, which means that they do not need to be tied up. Many hybrids are adaptable to short daylight hours and lack of sunlight, good resistance to the most common diseases (black leg, leaf mold).
From neat small bushes, you will receive 1-2 kg of fruit per season.... If planted in batches in several bushes with an interval of 20-30 days, you can provide yourself with vitamins for the whole winter. In addition, indoor tomatoes have excellent taste and a higher content of sugar and vitamins in the pulp (compared to ordinary ones).
The best standard hybrids for growing on a window at home are:
Forms standard bushes about 0.5 m high, tolerates a lack of light well, fruits are round, red, weighing 70-100 g, with a high sugar content. Tomato Balcony miracle begins to bear fruit within 80 days after germination.
The smallest of the known varieties, the height of the bush barely reaches 15 cm, sweet fruits of red or bright yellow color, weighing 10-12 g, ripening period 100-110 days. This variety is more decorative and does not depend at all on the length of daylight hours.
Compact bushes, one of the best indoor tomatoes, sweet, round fruits, weight - up to 20 g. You can grow it in the garden in the summer, and in the fall, transplant it into pots, bring it home. And if you sow the seeds after September 20, you will harvest the first harvest by the New Year. Pinocchio is mid-season, ripens in 105-115 days.
Early ripening variety (matures in 85 days), unpretentious to light, the yield is not the highest - 0.5 kg, but the fruits are very tasty and sweet;
Early maturing standard bush with a dense crown, height - 40 cm, fruits are sweet, juicy, yellow. Differs in high productivity.
There are a lot of indoor and balcony varieties, and they all enjoy well-deserved popularity: Cherripals F1, Balconies Elo, Pearl yellow, Bonsai micro, F1 Balcony red, Indoor surprise, etc. A unique feature is that they can grow for more than one season. Dried bushes can be left in pots, watered occasionally, and after a while green leaves will begin to appear again. Tomatoes can grow like this for up to 5 years, but the yield will decrease. The bushes bear fruit most abundantly in the first 2-3 years.
The principle of growing a tomato at home is no different from growing in a garden: first we get seedlings from the seeds, then we dive them into the pots to a permanent place. In advance, you should worry about preparing for planting seeds and soil.
It is better to buy seeds in specialized stores to be sure of the quality and compliance with the variety indicated on the package.
But nevertheless, before planting, it is better to check again and sort out full-fledged seeds from empty ones. To do this, dip them in salted water for 10 minutes (1 teaspoon per 200 g of water). Semi-dried or empty seeds will float, and healthy, full-fledged seeds will sink to the bottom. They need to be soaked for 20-30 minutes in a manganese solution, to protect future plants from late blight.
To accelerate the germination of seeds for a couple of days, you can put them in a damp cloth for "pecking". Tomato seeds prepared in this way are sown in a container for seedlings in moistened soil to a depth of 1 cm and at a distance of 3 cm from each other. After that, the soil is lightly tamped, covered with plastic wrap and removed to a warm place until shoots appear. The film must be chopped in several places so that excess moisture does not accumulate under it, as this can cause seedling diseases. It is desirable to maintain the daytime temperature + 22-25 degrees, the nighttime - + 15-17.
After about a week, the first leaves (false) appear, the temperature at this time is lowered to 20 degrees and the room is occasionally ventilated. It is also necessary to monitor the humidity - do not overdry, but also do not overmoisten, so that the seedlings do not get sick with a "black leg".
You can prepare the soil yourself or buy a ready-made substrate. For healthy plant growth and a good harvest, the following mixture is most suitable:
Fill containers with this mixture - plastic cups with drainage holes or wooden boxes with pallets 10-12 cm high.
After 2-3 true leaves appear on the seedlings, it is necessary to pick the seedlings, i.e. you need to choose the strongest and most developed sprouts and plant them in pots or other containers specially prepared for this. The container size should be 8-10 liters, for the smallest decorative varieties of tomatoes, you can take a container of 4-5 liters. In the process of caring for plants, you need to follow the elementary rules and technologies of agricultural technology:
After the formation of the main ovaries, it is also necessary to rip off the top.
Growing hybrid varieties of tomatoes on a windowsill in winter - this is not only a benefit, but also a great pleasure, a very interesting activity. With a little attention and free time, you will get a harvest of exclusive varieties of bright, sweet and very healthy tomatoes from your windowsill. It will be easy to care for such a plant even for novice gardeners.
Many people have long practiced growing greenery on the windowsill. This does not cause much trouble and provides the whole family with essential vitamins, even in winter. Urban residents of Germany, France, and other European countries grow cucumbers and tomatoes on the windowsill. Such seedlings perform not only an aesthetic function, but also provide people far from agriculture with a small supply of self-grown vegetables. Their experience shows that growing tomatoes on a windowsill in winter is possible. In this article, we'll take a look at how to grow tomatoes on a windowsill.
The variety of indoor cherry varieties is very large.
There is very little space on the windowsill in a stationary apartment, so tall varieties of tomatoes are not suitable for growing in a room. When choosing varieties, you should pay attention to cherry tomatoes, which have recently been very popular when grown on windowsills.
Cherries have compact ampelous or bush-shaped bushes, an abundance of small fruits that ripen in clusters or bunches. The multi-colored coloring of miniature tomatoes is of no small importance, due to which these vegetable bushes are highly decorative. The taste of cherry tomatoes is closer to sweet, they have a special aroma and taste, do not crack, and remain on the bushes for a long time.
Review of popular varieties of cherry tomatoes for home cultivation:
The choice of modern varieties of cherry tomatoes is so wide that it is impossible to describe all varieties. You can always choose for growing in the room varieties of tomatoes with different tastes, ripening times and colors.
Growing tomatoes is
If we sow tomatoes in January, then in May we can already taste the harvest!
To know for sure that the seeds will sprout, you can germinate them. There are interesting ways in the article "How to accelerate seed germination." Or just put them in a damp cloth in a warm place for a couple of days.
Alla Shirokova gives wonderful advice in the comments to the article "How to sow seeds with all my heart":
“In the book of Vladimir Megre“ Anastasia ”in the chapter“ The Seed-Doctor ”there is very good advice: before planting, take one or several small seeds in your mouth, keep in your mouth, under your tongue, for at least nine minutes. Then put your hands between two palms, hold them like this for about thirty seconds ……… Open your palms, and the seed that lies in your hand, you gently present to your mouth. And breathe out the air on the seed from your lungs. You warm him with your breath, and what is in you, the tiny seed will know ... And the seed will determine the moment of its rise. The planets will all help him in that. AND NO SEED PRE-TREATMENT.
But, if you think that seeds should undergo traditional treatment before sowing, then take a look at the article "Treatment of seeds before sowing".
You can sow one seed at a time in a large pot (choose the largest ones). But it is better to sow a few seeds in a small container. Drizzle with warm water and cover with foil until germination. Then we remove the film and put it on a windowsill that is cool to 18 ° C so that it does not stretch.
We are waiting for two or three real leaves at the tomatoes. We choose the strongest of the seedlings and plant them. When transplanting, we deepen the plants to the very cotyledonous leaves, let more roots form. The plant will be more powerful.
Growing tomatoes on a windowsill in winter is no longer a secret for you.
If you have any questions about growing tomatoes at home, I suggest watching the video.
I tell you what came out of my growing tomatoes in 2015.
These are the bushes of the "Monetka" variety in the springTomato variety "Monetka" First harvest!
The children really liked the tomatoes - I just took a sample and never saw them again. The younger one regularly checked the bushes and collected the crops.
Until late autumn, the bush was just as small and compact. New stepchildren were constantly growing and at once new tomatoes bloomed and sang. Nice sweet taste! They would still delight us with fruits even now, but we had a fire at home. Unfortunately, all the plants died, maybe something could have been saved - but we had no time for that.
I liked these little Coins. This year I will plant it again))))
The first tomato
He became the only one that ripened on the bush))) My baby was harvesting green. Didn't let them sing at all! But like ordinary tomatoes, they ripened later.
Baby and giant)))
Coin and Button
I was very surprised at the height of the bush - there were even thoughts that the seeds of the wrong sort were caught. But the stepchildren were also constantly growing and blooming.He grew up to a meter and did not grow anymore.
For homemade cherry tomatoes, use the same soil as for standard sized tomatoes. You can buy a ready-made potting mix or make your own.
Prepare the soil: mix a mixture of turf, peat and compost (or humus) in a ratio of 1: 1: 1, with the addition of a small amount of sand. Add crushed charcoal to the finished mixture (1 glass per 10 liters of soil) - it contains the whole complex of necessary minerals, with the exception of nitrogen.
We do not overuse top dressing - we are going to eat tomatoes and do not want to get poisoned. The ideal top dressing for homemade tomatoes is a solution of chicken manure or manure, infused 24 hours before watering, but it is practically inaccessible in an apartment.
We feed the plants with what they have - complex mineral fertilizers, but little by little and not more often than once every 10-14 days.
In general, growing a tomato in the winter on a window is practically no different from growing a crop in a vegetable garden. You can get a good harvest only by creating optimal conditions for planting. Tomatoes are a light-loving culture, which is why the seedlings must receive a sufficient amount of light.
The optimal daylight hours are 13-15 hours. If the daylight hours are short, the shoots will become thin and will begin to stretch. It is recommended to place boxes and pots with seedlings on windows facing south. If there is a lack of lighting near the pots, it is necessary to place additional lighting fixtures. They should be installed at a distance of 30-40 cm from the pots.
The most effective lighting methods are:
At the initial stage of growing tomatoes, radiation with a ratio of blue and red of 2: 1 is considered optimal. After the sprouts are planted in separate containers, the light intensity must be reduced by changing the ratio of blue to red to 1: 1.
Also, the most important condition is to create a suitable microclimate in the room. The temperature in the room where tomatoes are grown should vary between 20-25 degrees Celsius during the day. At night - from 18 to 20 degrees. It should be borne in mind that any temperature jumps will negatively affect the condition of the seedlings. In cloudy weather, the temperature can be reduced to 17 degrees during the day and up to 15. Heaters can be used to maintain the proper temperature.
As for the humidity level, it should be no higher than 60%. Dry air is better for tomatoes, as excessive humidity increases the risk of developing infectious diseases. You can increase the humidity level by placing containers with water near the seedlings. If it needs to be reduced, special devices must be used to remove excess moisture.
Prefer dry air
Many grow green onions, dill, and parsley on the windowsill. Some try to grow arugula and lettuce as a variety. Did you know that not only greens can be grown on the windowsill, but also vegetables, for example, cucumbers, peppers and tomatoes?
This topic is very interesting. You want to enjoy fresh vegetables in winter more than ever, and store-bought vegetables at this time of the year, as a rule, leave much to be desired in taste and are not cheap. Not everyone can build and maintain a greenhouse in winter. Growing tomatoes and cucumbers on the windowsill is a good way out of the situation.
Growing tomatoes on a windowsill
Our craftsmen have come up with many ways of growing vegetables on the windowsill: someone limited himself to a couple of bushes in pots, and someone arranges whole hydroponic installations for this business. Today we will consider the technology of growing tomatoes on a windowsill in the usual way, available to anyone.
To grow a tomato on a windowsill, you will need:
The specificity of growing vegetables on the windowsill is that they grow in a completely unsuitable environment. The windowsill is not a vegetable garden or even a greenhouse. Its area is limited, as is the height of the window. In addition, the daylight hours in winter are short, which also matters.
If you want the tomatoes not only to grow, but also to bear fruit, you need to provide the bush with sufficient space, care and light. It is also important that the fruits ripen as early as possible. Based on this, you need to select a variety for growing a tomato on a windowsill.
It is best to grow low-growing, early-maturing and mid-early, abundantly fruiting tomato varieties with compact bushes on the windows. Some varieties and hybrids meet the listed requirements. Among them there are ordinary tomatoes and small cherry tomatoes. Small bushes of tomatoes of these varieties, when fruiting, are simply strewn with delicious tomatoes.
Here is a list of tomato varieties that are suitable for home cultivation on a windowsill:
If you were unable to buy tomato seeds of any of these varieties, do not be upset. There are other varieties and hybrids of tomatoes that can be successfully grown at home on a windowsill. When choosing a variety from those available in the store, pay attention to the height of the bush and the ripening period of the fruits. In particular, the height of the bush should not be higher than 30-40 centimeters. If you want to grow a tall variety, remember that you will have to take care of good support.
The process of growing a tomato on a windowsill is in many ways similar to growing in a greenhouse and outdoors. But there is also some specificity. So, special attention should be paid to the choice of capacity for planting bushes, their lighting and pollination. But let's not get ahead of ourselves, let's figure it out in order.
Most often, tomatoes on the windowsill are grown in seedlings from seeds. But few people know that tomatoes can be grown from rooted cuttings. Both methods have their advantages: in the first case, the bush gives more fruits, in the second, the fruits will ripen a little earlier - the time for forcing seedlings will be reduced.
Dry tomato seeds are planted in seedling boxes or plastic cups. The method with cups is the most convenient: they take up little space, there is no need to dive the seedlings and carry a large box because of several seedling bushes.
tomato seeds are planted in seedling boxes or plastic cups.
Use regular plastic cups, preferably transparent, to control watering. Fill them with soil (you do not need to make holes in the cups) and pour boiling water over them for disinfection. When the soil has cooled, plant the seeds, deepening them 2 cm.
You can sow seeds in 2-3 pieces in one cup, after germination, weak shoots can be removed. And if the seeds are germinated in advance, we plant one in each glass.
The seeds are germinated like this: they are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes. Good seeds will swell and sink to the bottom, while non-viable seeds will remain on the surface. The solution is poured, the seeds are placed in a damp cloth and wait for small root sprouts to appear.
Next, cover the cups with seeds with foil and place in a warm place (25-30 ° C). In about 3-4 days, seedlings will appear, and they can be transferred to a windowsill with additional lighting installed.
Water the seedlings only after the topsoil dries out to reduce the likelihood of fungal diseases. It is better to water with a pear, sticking it between the soil and the wall of the glass. Thus, you will not wash out the soil and do not overwet the top layer. Water for irrigation should be warm, settled.
When the seedlings are 3 weeks old, they are fed with fertilizer for seedlings, diluted with water according to the instructions. For the prevention of fungal diseases of seedlings, you can spray it with 50 g of milk diluted in 500 ml of water.
After a month, tomatoes are transplanted from small cups into large containers. For this, pots with a volume of 3-5 liters are suitable. You can fill a balcony box with fertile light soil, transplant tomatoes into it, keeping a distance of 25-30 cm between them.
The soil for growing tomatoes on the windowsill should include peat, sand, humus and turf soil (all in equal parts). Low-growing varieties can be planted in pots with a volume of 3-5 liters, and tall ones need containers with a volume of 8-12 liters. Put a layer of expanded clay on the bottom of the pot, then a 2 cm layer of sand, place the plant in the middle and sprinkle it with earth until the cotyledon leaves.
An interesting feature of tomatoes is their ability to root stems and cuttings. Therefore, it is not at all necessary to grow tomatoes on the windowsill from seeds, you can transfer the plant directly from the garden, or root its stepsons or shoots.
Propagation of tomatoes using stems and cuttings
For rooting, you need to take the lateral or apical shoots, place them in cups of water and put them in a warm, draft-free place. To stimulate growth, you can add a drop of fertilizer for indoor flowers to the cups. Under good indoor conditions, the cuttings will take root in just a week and can be immediately planted in large containers.
But some gardeners cut this process even further. For example, the author of the following video generally took cuttings from the garden and planted them in the ground without first rooting. You can see what she did.
By the way, in the spring, in this way, you can significantly reduce the time for forcing seedlings of early tomatoes for the garden. Just root a few cuttings from the bush on the windowsill and the seedlings will be ready in two weeks maximum.
When the seedlings are ready and planted in containers, the bushes are set in a permanent place. Tomatoes are light-requiring, so they are best grown on the south side. Additional lighting with fluorescent lamps or agro-lamps will not be superfluous, especially in the autumn-winter period. Insufficient lighting usually leads to a lack of flowering and, accordingly, fruit.
Caring for tomato bushes on the windowsill
An important point in growing a tomato is pinching - removing the shoots that develop in the leaf axils. They must be broken off by hand, and not cut off. By removing shoots, you increase yields, because on the development of stepchildren, plant nutrients are consumed, which could be used for the formation and development of fruits.
For growing tomatoes on a windowsill, the daytime temperature of 28 ° C and the nighttime temperature of 15 ° C are considered optimal. Unlike cucumbers, tomatoes are not afraid of drafts. Water it several times a week with warm (20-25 ° C) water, without eroding the soil under the bush. Feed the plants every 10 days with mineral or organic (manure, ash) fertilizers.
You can also spray the leaves with a nutrient solution. But do not overdo it with fertilizers, otherwise your greens will greatly grow to the detriment of the fruits. As the plant grows, it is necessary to tie the stems to a wooden peg.
Artificial pollination is not required for tomatoes, but to play it safe, you can tap the stem a couple of times a week during flowering to shake the flower brushes. At this stage, you can spray tomato bushes with the preparation "Ovary", which promotes the formation of fruits.
When the bulk of the fruit has formed, remove the top of the plant and the flowering clusters. By doing this, you will ensure the full development of the tomatoes. A tomato is capable of bearing fruit for 5 years, but still, it bears fruit best of all for the first 2 years.