In the old days there was such a custom - a man walked in front of the wedding cortege, carrying a huge wreath of onions - a symbol of the well-being of the newly created family. A wreath was worn around the neck, and large golden-yellow bulbs tied into a plait sparkled in the sun like a precious necklace and rustled with their special rustle.
Why onions? It is believed that family happiness rests on three pillars: love, health and strength. The bow has nothing to do with love, the young have it even without it. But it is the bow that gives health and strength. Remember the popular wisdom - "Onion - from seven ailments." Is it only from seven? All such a familiar bow can cure many diseases. And the most common of them is the common cold!
And where does the force, you ask? Let's turn to the era of the Hellenes. They were the first to notice the ability of the bow to give strength. Horses and ... gladiators were necessarily fed with bows. The bow gave them muscle strength, so they tried to feed them with onions before the competition. And in our time of televisions, computers, the bow has not lost its relevance. Many people know dryness in the eyes, as if sand were poured into them. This is due to lack of lubrication. And to help cope with this inconvenience will help ... yes, the same bow. “Whoever undresses him sheds tears” - this is how the bow will help to cope with dry eyes.
And this is just a small part of the benefits that the bow can bring to us. 70 grams of green onions fully satisfy the body's daily need for ascorbic acid. There is a lot of iron in it. And today the content of quertecin in onions, a powerful anti-cancer element, is in the first place in terms of value. Here is a seemingly familiar bow.
People grow onions for over four millennia. His images have also been found on the walls of the Egyptian pyramids. And today, on any, even the smallest site, there is always a place for this glorious vegetable. There are 228 different types of onions in nature. However, only 12 are cultivated in culture. Most often, gardeners grow onions on their plots. It got its name from the shape of the bulb, which looks like a turnip. Onions are spicy, semi-sharp and sweet. And they are also divided into early, mid-ripening and late-ripening. The most popular are the spicy varieties.
Onions have a large number of dense integumentary scales, and this contributes to its long-term storage: varieties Asgen, Brunswik, Dmitrievsky, Ernak, Kasatik, Karatavsky, Odintsovets, Penguin are stored for 8-10 months. Peninsular, not very long-stored varieties include - Danilovsky, Myagkovsky, Silver Prince; they usually begin to sprout by the New Year.
Sweet varieties of onions (they are also called salad) are more thermophilic, but they are quicker. So far, in our country, the undisputed leader in the early maturity of bulbs grown both from seeds and from seedlings is the winter sweet variety Ellan. It is a salad sweet onion with white thick and soft scales. I love this onion very much and always grow it as it has the greatest nutritional value because it contains more carotene.
It can be grown from seeds in one year or after sevok in a two-year culture. Sevok is planted with winter garlic in early October, it winters well and grows back quickly in early spring. I prepare the land for planting onions in advance, I add compost, mineral fertilizers.
Onion manure is "not a friend", but he uses it well after introduction under the crop-predecessor. The onion has a small root system, so the soil should be fertile and loose; I always dig it deeply and thoroughly. The Ellan variety is cold-resistant, its seeds germinate at a temperature of 1 ... 2 ° C. Seedlings of this onion tolerate short-term frosts down to - 2 ° С. When a snowless winter sets in, it is advisable to cover the bulbs planted in autumn with dry peat, leaves or shavings, which must then be shaved off in the spring. The Ellan variety, planted in autumn with sevka, produces large yellow bulbs weighing up to 400 grams, but a turnip planted in spring will already be half as small.
Many of my neighbors complain that their onions are severely damaged by the onion fly. I deal with it with the help of table salt. But I carry out three treatments, since one does not give an effect, while gradually increasing the amount of salt per bucket of water. The first time I water the onion 20 days after the feather appears. I prepare the solution at the rate of 3 tablespoons of salt per bucket of water, after 20 days I prepare a more concentrated solution - I already take 6 tablespoons of salt for a bucket of water, after another 20 days I prepare the solution from 10 tablespoons.
I remove the onion when most of the feather dries up. I keep the removed bow braided in braids, hanging it in the kitchen. Those wishing to grow the ultra-early ripening variety of onions Ellan, I can send seeds, oat set, and sample sets. I also have great varieties of winter garlic, shallots, spring garlic and many interesting garden seeds. I am sending the catalog for orders. I'm waiting for the envelope from the o / a. Write: Brizhan Valery Ivanovich - st. Kommunarov, 6, st. Chelbasskaya, Kanevsky district, Krasnodar Territory, 353715.
The first in the review are well-known cucumbers, which have received many positive reviews from home gardeners. Many of the hybrids successfully bear fruit in the beds, in greenhouses, so you can buy seeds for planting both on the windowsill and for summer cottages.
The agrofirm presents its series of cucumbers for growing in loggias and balconies.
Famous hybrids from "Gavrish" ("mother-in-law», «son-in-law") And long-fruited, such as"chinese serpent», «green crocodile". The latter are bee-pollinated, therefore, they will require additional manipulations, but with the right approach, they will be rewarded with a luxurious harvest.
Productive hybrids are shade-tolerant, they bear fruit well on balconies (the fragrant "green crocodile" F1 is especially noted).
The Russian company presented a series called "Balconny", which included shade-tolerant hybrids, the best and specially bred varieties of cucumbers for balconies. Plants are distinguished by small leaf plates, short internodes, and abundant fruiting.
The hybrid called “balcony miracle". It is included in the catalog of the State Register of the Russian Federation (2018), it is distinguished by strong immunity to diseases, shade tolerance, and productivity.
To obtain a high collection of greens on the balcony, it is necessary to pick up a spacious container (for example, a plastic bottle with a volume of 5-10 liters, from which the upper part is cut off), prepare a nutritious soil.
The weaving of the plant is weak, the leaves are medium-sized, the greens are in bunches (three pieces each). This hybrid tolerates light partial shade, grows well on any windows.
You can grow cucumbers on loggias and balconies:
Good results are obtained by planting hybrids: "home miracle", "homebody", "indoor", "miracle on the window".
We tried gardeners and varieties that successfully grow in beds and greenhouses. First generation hybrids are suitable for the balcony:
Growing winter onions gives a lot of advantages to summer residents:
The disadvantages of this method can be considered a lower yield compared to spring planting, as well as a slightly worse keeping quality of the crop.
Mid-season variety. Bulbs are dense, rounded or elongated-rounded with white pulp and dark yellow outer scales with a brown tint. The variety is cold-resistant, but it is strongly affected by peronosporosis and damaged by onion flies.
Mid-season variety. The bulbs are flat, round-flat, with dry scales of dark red color and juicy pulp of a light purple hue. Copt is relatively stable to pero-rotation.
Mid-season variety. The bulbs are large, flat-round with light yellow dry scales. Resistant to shooting.
An early ripe onion variety. The bulbs are round, flattened at the top and bottom, red or dark purple on the outside and inside. For larger bulbs, this variety is recommended to be grown through seedlings.
Early maturing variety. The bulbs are large, flat-round with yellow-brown dry scales. Resistant to shooters and downy mildew.
Early maturing variety. The bulbs are dense, rounded, with a slight upward and downward slope, with white flesh and dry scales, yellow with a pink or brown tinge. In some years, this variety is strongly affected by diseases and pests.
Mid-season variety. The bulbs are round, with white flesh, densely covered with a yellow-brown skin. Resistant to diseases and shooting.
Medium-early hybrid with round-elongated medium-sized bulbs covered with golden brown outer scales. The pulp is white, juicy. Resistant to shooting and major onion diseases.
Mid-season variety. The bulbs are large, rounded, with brown dry scales and white juicy pulp. The variety is cold-resistant and resistant to shooting.
Early maturing variety. Bulbs are dense, flat and flat-round with golden brown dry scales and white flesh. Strongly susceptible to downy mildew, susceptible to neck rot.
Early maturing variety. The bulbs are round, with dry straw-colored scales and white flesh. It is slightly affected by peronosporosis, cold-resistant.
All the varieties described above have good winter hardiness and are perfect for planting before winter. Choose the variety you like and enjoy your own early onion harvest!
Winter crops are plants that are planted in the fall and harvested in the spring. In the understanding of most people, winter crops are associated only with cereals: rye, wheat, barley. But over time, people began to optimally use the capabilities of Mother Earth and many agricultural crops began to sow in the fall. These include winter onion varieties.
The onion has good keeping quality and early ripening. It can be cut one month after the first shoots appear. And after a month and a half, the plant will again give juicy fresh greens; at this stage, the final harvesting of the onion is performed.
It is advisable to grow this type of onion only to obtain greens, so the harvesting process does not change.
The sooner you cut the first greens, the sooner you will get the second crop. However, keep in mind that the harvest is good, do not forget about feeding.
The onion is cut or torn off carefully at least 5 cm, from the ground, without pulling the bulb and without damaging the root system. Greens are packed in boxes or plastic wrap and sent for storage.
It should be borne in mind that in regions with a harsh climate, onions are harvested once if you are going to leave the plant for the winter, as the onions will have to prepare for winter and take root. And do not throw the remaining strength to restore the cut arrows.
The onion is subject to long-term storage by freezing, in this way the green onions can be stored for about a year without losing most of their properties. To do this, the arrows are washed, cut and packed in containers for subsequent freezing.
The onion can be stored in a plastic bag in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator for about a month, without losing its useful properties and without affecting its appearance. The above methods are perfect for harvesting onions for the winter.
Batun onions can also be dried and used as a seasoning for dishes. To do this, the onion is chopped and dried, then packed in paper bags and stored in a dry place. In this form, dried onion greens can be stored for years.
The beneficial properties of onion batun are primarily determined by its rich vitamin composition, the high content of vitamin C and ascorbic acid makes it indispensable in the human diet and the main assistant in the fight against colds.
Unpretentious care and high yields with minimal adherence to agricultural technology, its resistance to diseases makes the onion the main component of the "green bunch" of table greens.
(ABOUT 30 POPULAR VARIETIES)
The number of zoned varieties and hybrids of cucumber is increasing every year.
Let's list the most promising of them that can be grown in open and protected ground:
Herman is the most popular, super early (38–40 days), super high-yielding hybrid. Fruits are large lumpy, uniform cylindrical, 9–11 cm long, without bitterness. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. It is intended for fresh consumption and processing.
Masha is the earliest parthenocarpic hybrid of the gherkin cucumber: it begins to bear fruit 37–39 days after germination. The fruits ripen amicably and have an attractive presentation: pimply, standard in size, 8–11 cm long. Delicious both fresh and salted. The hybrid is resistant to the cucumber mosaic virus, cladosporiosis, powdery mildew, relatively resistant to downy mildew. Transportable.
Karin is a very early high-yielding hybrid (40–42 days), small tuberous. The fruits are uniform, cylindrical, of high quality, excellent color, without bitterness. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. Universal use.
Greenland is an early ripening parthenocarpic hybrid for film greenhouses. Beautiful white-thorn fruits are ready to eat in 40–45 days after germination. Zelenets is large, lumpy, without bitterness, good fresh. Resistant to olive spot, downy mildew, cucumber mosaic virus.
Ginga is an early maturing (43–45 days) parthenocarpic hybrid for film greenhouses, shelters and open ground. Plants form 2-3 fruits in each node. Fruits-gherkins are beautiful, 8-10 cm long, small lumpy, genetically without bitterness, excellent taste - both fresh and canned. The hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew and downy mildew, cucumber mosaic virus, tolerant to olive spot.
Katya is an early, super-high-yielding, super-productive salad hybrid. Fruits are uniform, smooth, 19–20 cm long, beautiful green color, without bitterness, heat-resistant. Recommended to grow in winter, spring, summer, in all types of greenhouses.
Madita is an early high-yielding hybrid. Fruits are large lumpy, homogeneous, cylindrical, of high quality, excellent color, without bitterness. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. Universal use.
Marinda is an early maturing high-yielding hybrid. Fruits are large lumpy with thorns, beautiful dark green color, 8–12 cm long. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. Universal use.
Merengue - super early (37–38 days), super-yielding hybrid. Fruits are large lumpy, regular cylindrical, dark green in color, 8–10 cm long. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. Universal use.
Lilliput (breeder S. Gavrish) - early maturing (38–42 days from germination to fruiting), parthenocarpic hybrid of the female flowering type, intended for growing in open and protected ground. Zelenets cylindrical, 7-9 cm long, weighing 80-90 g, medium-sized tubercles, often located. 7–10 ovaries are formed in each leaf axil. Sowing seedlings in late April - early May. Planting in the ground is carried out in late May - early June in the phase of two or three true leaves under temporary film shelters. Sowing in open ground is carried out in late May - early June. Recommended for picking pickles and gherkins, making high quality canned food. For pickles, picking is done daily, gherkins - every other day. Irregular harvests lead to thickening of the fruit. The hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew, downy mildew, olive spot and root rot. Productivity - 10.5-11.5 kg / m2. The optimum soil temperature for seed germination is 25–30 ° C.
Harmonist (breeder S. Gavrish) - early maturing (39–42 days from germination to fruiting) parthenocarpic hybrid of female type of flowering, intended for growing in open and protected ground. Zelenets cylindrical, 10–12 cm long, weighing 90–100 g, small tubercles, often located. 6–8 ovaries are formed in each leaf axil. Seedlings are sown in late April - early May. Planting in the ground is carried out in late May - early June in the phase of two or three true leaves under temporary film shelters. Sowing in open ground is carried out in late May - early June. The use of fruits is universal (fresh, salting, pickling). The hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew, downy mildew, olive spot and root rot. Productivity - 12-13 kg / m2. The optimum soil temperature for seed germination is 25–30 ° C.
Kolyan (breeder V. Yurin) is an early ripening (43–48 days) cucumber hybrid for growing in spring greenhouses. Ovaries 2-3 pcs. in the node. Plants are relatively resistant to powdery mildew and downy mildew, olive spot, root rot, cold-resistant. Fruits are white-thorny, large lumpy, dark green with light stripes. Length - 10-12 cm. Fruits without bitterness (the trait is fixed at the genetic level). The fruits are good in salting and in salad, the taste is high. Productivity - up to 15 kg / m2. It is included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements approved for use in production since 2006. Sowing for seedlings - end of April, planting in the ground of an unheated greenhouse - end of May, in open ground - from 5 June. Planting density in greenhouses - 2.5 plants / m2, in open ground - 3-4 plants / m2. Plant care: tying plants to a trellis, removing the bottom five lateral shoots. Watering before the start of the collection is very moderate, after the start of the collection - daily (1-3 l / m2).
Moscow delicacy - parthenocarpic early maturing (42 days) hybrid. The plant is medium-growing, with a bundle formation of ovaries. Zelentsy are beautiful, cylindrical, small tuberous, genetically without bitterness, do not outgrow. They are good fresh and canned. Recommended for open and protected ground. Differs in high yield and marketability. Resistant to major diseases.
Zozulya is an early ripe parthenocarpic (40–45 days) hybrid of a predominantly female flowering type. For spring greenhouses and tunnels. Zelenets tuberous, white-thorn, 14-22 cm long. It is characterized by amicable, massive and long-term yield. Resistant to olive stain, tolerant to root rot.
April - self-pollinated, early, fruitful. The fruits are tasty, salad, but they can also be canned. Fruit length - 14-22 cm. Grown under a film.
The prima donna is one of the earliest for indoor use. Parthenocarpic, early maturing, high-yielding hybrid with a predominantly female flowering type. Fruits of excellent taste and marketability: small lumpy, beautifully shaped, crunchy, good for canning, shelf life for a long time. Productivity in a greenhouse - up to 28 kg / m2.
Parker is a mid-early hybrid, used for growing in open ground and under temporary film shelters. Prone to parthenocarp (self-pollination). Resistant to cucumber mosaic virus, cladosporium disease, powdery mildew pathogen and root rot. Graceful fruits without bitterness, with excellent taste, pickling. Ripen on the 50th day after germination.
Lord is a mid-season, fruitful, bee-pollinated hybrid, mainly of the female type of flowering. It is cultivated in the open field. Zelenets 10-12 cm long. Possesses high canning and pickling qualities. Resistant to downy mildew and olive spot.
The farmer is a fruitful, mid-season, bee-pollinated hybrid, mainly of the female type of flowering. Grown in the open field. Zelenets 10-12 cm long. Relatively cold-resistant. Resistant to olive spot (cladosporiosis), powdery mildew and downy mildew. A peculiarity of the hybrid is the intensive growth of the main whip and the rapid appearance of lateral shoots, with the growth of which massive prolonged fruiting occurs. Suitable for canning and pickling.
Graceful - medium-weight, versatile. From mass shoots to fruiting - 45-50 days. Differs in increased resistance to adverse weather conditions and resistance to olive spot. Zelenets ellipsoidal shape, small tuberous. Fruit weight - 90 g.
Galina is a very early hybrid (38–40 days, analogous to Annushka), 8–12 cm, large tuberous with thorns, without bitterness, ideal for pickling. Recommended for cultivation in arched and film greenhouses and in the open field.
Natasha is an early hybrid (40–42 days), large tuberous with thorns, without bitterness, universal use. Recommended for open field cultivation in vertical and horizontal ways.
Safa is a highly productive, very early hybrid of mini cucumber salad. Fruits are smooth, cylindrical, rich dark green color, 16-18 cm long. Recommended for growing outdoors and fresh consumption and processing.
Sonata - consistently high yield. A mid-season (45–53 days) hybrid of a predominantly female flowering type. For open ground. The plant is medium-sized. Zelenets 6-9 cm long, weighing 60-80 g, genetically without bitterness. The taste is excellent. For fresh consumption and canning. Resistant to powdery mildew pathogens, cladosporia.
Prestige - fruitful, long-term fruiting. Parthenocarpic, early maturing, highly productive hybrid. It is characterized by a long fruiting period, resistance to diseases and stressful conditions. Gives stable and high yields both in open and closed ground: up to 25 kg of fruits per 1 m2. Gherkins do not taste bitter, retain their presentation for a long time, are ideal for canning.
Lightly salted cucumber - bunches of neat fruits just ask for a barrel for pickling! Crispy, aromatic and tasty lightly salted cucumbers are obtained very quickly!
Naf-phanto - grown in open and closed ground. An early, high-yielding, bee-pollinated hybrid. The plant is powerful, with a predominance of female flowers. Fruits are small, suitable for pickling.
Tomboy cucumber is a crispy vitamin snack "between the first and second" for any friendly feast. Yes, what a Russian does not know a lot about this! Cucumber is great!
The droplet is excellent transportability. Early maturing (43–45 days) variety for open ground. Fruits genetically without bitterness, 9–11 cm long, retain their green color for a long time. Universal use.
Connie is genetically without bitterness. Early maturing (43–45 days). High-yielding parthenocarpic hybrid. The plant is medium-growing, with a bundle formation of ovaries. Zelenets is cylindrical, often lumpy, white-spiked, does not outgrow. Resistant to major diseases. For open and protected ground.
A picnic is a friendly return of pickles! Early maturing (43–48 days), parthenocarpic hybrid of the female flowering type. Due to the large bouquets of ovaries on the main shoot (up to 8–10 pcs.), It is characterized by a very harmonious return of the harvest. Zelenets 10–12 cm long, often lumpy, white-thorny, good fresh and canned. Relatively resistant to major cucumber diseases. For film greenhouses.
The selection of cucumber, aimed at creating heterotic hybrids, has advanced very far, the cucumber is one of those few vegetable crops, when growing even amateurs prefer hybrids. This is due to the great advantage of the latter in comparison with varieties.
Unfortunately, despite the relative cheapness of seeds, varieties, in contrast to modern hybrids, have a number of disadvantages. Of course, today the varieties have their own lovers, many gardeners have been growing them for a long time, they are used to them, besides, some varieties have a fairly good quality of processed products (some varieties are especially good for pickling). Nevertheless, they also have many disadvantages: a small number of ovaries on the plant, late fruiting, large fruits, rapid overgrowth and yellowing of green leaves.
One of the few strains to really look out for is Phoenix.
Despite the large fruits (up to 15 cm), late onset of fruiting, it was the most resistant to peronosporosis (downy mildew). Until now, this variety is grown as the best for canning.
Hybrids differ from varieties in that they form fruits in the absence of pollination, they are called parthenocarpic, according to the type of flowering, hybrids of the female type of flowering (without barren flowers). Usually, gardeners prefer early and mid-season gherkin-type hybrids 6–8 cm long. Mostly pickling ones are chosen. By the nature of the surface of the fruit, it is better to choose small tubercles. The main criterion: fruitful and resistant to fungal diseases.