6 ways to use iodine in the country

  1. For cabbage, add 40 drops of iodine to a bucket of water. When the head of cabbage begins to form, pour 1 liter of cabbage under the plant.
  2. For zucchini.If young zucchini ovaries begin to rot, this means that there is not enough iodine in the soil, they need to water the bushes. 10 ml of iodine per 10 liters of water.
  3. For trees: Spray at least one month before harvest (10 ml of 5% iodine per 10 liters of water, repeat after three days). From fruit rot.
  4. For tomatoes, peppers, eggplants. Spraying with 10 ml of iodine per 10 liters of water, it is possible with milk. Prevention of phytophthora, prevention and treatment of apical fruit rot.

    Little cottage assistant

  5. For strawberries. Spray before flowering from rot and weevil. 40 drops of iodine in a bucket of water
  6. For tomatoes. If, when growing seedlings, water the plants once with a weak iodine solution - 1 drop of a pharmacy iodine solution per 3 liters of water, flower brushes develop faster and are more branched, with a large number of ovaries. Fruits from them are formed 10-15% larger and ripen a few days earlier. When tying subsequent brushes already in the ground, it is also useful to water the tomatoes at the root with iodine water at the rate of 3 drops per bucket, 1 liter of solution per plant.

The first feeding of tomato seedlings after shoots than to feed

Gardeners who are engaged in the cultivation of vegetable crops know that the productivity of plants directly depends on how the seedlings grew, whether the plants were properly cared for. Increased attention is paid to watering plants. The health and quality of plants depends on what the seedlings were watered with during their growth.

To get a good harvest, you need to plant strong plants that can quickly take root in new conditions, this can be achieved using all sorts of techniques. But it is unlikely that it will be possible to get a crop without the use of water irrigation and fertilization.

Benefits for plants

The drug is used in horticulture and horticulture because of its main properties - participation in the exchange of nitrogen and other substances, disinfecting effect, activation of growth. The use of iodine for tomatoes is especially valuable due to the fact that plants acquire protection against a dangerous disease - late blight. For this purpose, it is recommended to hang an open bottle with the substance in a greenhouse with tomatoes. At the same time, it is important to ventilate the building as often as possible, if possible, leave the window open for the night. The trace element is highly volatile, toxic in large doses, so it is necessary to provide fresh air to the greenhouse.

The effect of iodine on tomatoes explains the use of the drug in growing:

  • improving the absorption of nutrients by plants
  • increase in the quantity and quality of tomatoes
  • disinfection of soil and seed material, disinfection of adult bushes.

Absorption of nutrients

Iodine is involved in the metabolism of nutrients, primarily nitrogen. With timely watering of tomatoes with iodine, nitrogen-containing fertilizing may not be required. Foliar processing of green mass in a solution with milk whey has proven itself well.

To improve nutrition, plants can be watered with water with wood ash and iodine. Then the active component will facilitate the assimilation of the fertilizer components.

The substance does not replace top dressing, but helps the plant to receive the necessary components.

Improving fruit quality

It has been noticed that irrigation of tomatoes with iodine increases the yield by 10%. During the fruiting period, it is recommended to spray tomatoes with a mixture with milk whey to accelerate the ripening of the fruits, increase the mass. You can use the product without a dairy product, but follow the technology so as not to burn the leaves of the plants.

The use of the drug at the stage of forcing seedlings promotes early flowering, and helps adult bushes get rid of lethargy, yellowness, pale color of leaves, due to which fruiting increases.

Help fight disease

Treatment of tomato seed with iodine has a disinfectant effect. Due to its broad spectrum of action on fungi, bacteria and viruses, the microelement reduces the likelihood of developing diseases by 80%.

When forcing seedlings and in adulthood, watering is used, spraying with an iodine solution to treat diseases - phytophthora, various rot, spotting, powdery mildew. Positive results are obtained by prophylactic treatment of the aerial part and the surface of the soil.

Outward signs of a lack of nutrition

When growing seedlings at home, a full-fledged substrate is prepared, so a lack of nutrients may not appear. It is more difficult when growing crops in open ground, because the applied fertilizers can be washed out, distributed unevenly, taken by neighboring plants and weeds.

The reaction of peppers and tomatoes to nutrient deficiencies is rapid, so it is important to distinguish between the main symptoms.

Nutrient Deficiency Symptoms:

  • Nitrogen. The foliage becomes shallower, thinner. The lower tier acquires a pale green color, then turns yellow, dies off. The bush looks very weak.
  • Phosphorus... Dead areas are formed on the leaves, brown blotches are visible on the lower part. Later, the surface will turn blue-violet with reddish-violet streaks. The bush will stop growing, start to wither.
  • Potassium... Old leaves look burnt around the edges, then dry out and fall off. Brown-gray stripes are visible inside the fruit.
  • Calcium... The upper layer turns yellow, some areas are covered with necrotic tissue, which is constantly growing. Top rot appears on the fruit.
  • Manganese... At first, the lack of a nutrient is imperceptible, then the leaves acquire a grayish metallic sheen, and are covered with purple specks on top.
  • Iodine. The plant is often sick, prone to attack by pests. Low yield, poor resistance to weather changes. Brown spots, late blight, root rot.
  • Iron. At the base, the leaves turn yellowish or white, the veins remain green. The top turns yellow, the growth of the bush slows down, chlorosis develops.
  • Boron... Dying off of the growth point, enhanced formation of stepchildren. Dry lesions are visible on the fruits.
  • Sulfur. The base of the leaf and veins take on a reddish tint. At first, the symptom appears on young leaves. The stem becomes fragile, stiff.
  • Magnesium. On old foliage, yellow-green spots are formed, changing color to gray. Leaves dry and die off. Fruits ripen early, grow small.

How to feed tomato seedlings so that there are plump stems

After germination

The tomato sprout begins to feed after the appearance of the first root, and at this moment it is desirable to give an impetus to the growth processes. But in the cotyledonous leaf stage, the seedlings are still very weak and the assimilation of additional nutrition can do more harm than good.

The first feeding is planned for the period of formation of the second true leaf and preference is given to not strong nitrogen compositions.

The first and very important feeding of tomato seedlings - video

After the pick

After the diving procedure, a second feeding is carried out in 10-14 days. At this time, young tomato seedlings will benefit from complex fertilizers with a small dose of fungicides or a weak solution of manganese.

The third feeding - before planting in the ground

Two weeks before the expected date of planting in open ground, the plants are fed for the third time with a potassium-phosphorus composition and at the same time they begin the hardening procedure. Such feeding will prepare the seedlings for changing conditions of detention, stimulate the laying of buds, and enhance immunity.

Top dressing after planting in the ground

Tomato seedlings are planted in open ground after the establishment of stable warm weather with the exclusion of the possibility of recurrent frosts. 7-10 will be spent on plant survival in new conditions and adaptation to external factors: sun, breeze, temperature changes.

After this time, it is necessary to stimulate growth and development by introducing organic matter in the form of mullein infusion, bird droppings or green fertilizer.

Ready-made mineral fertilizers are of no less value.

Iodine use against pests

Pests such as the weevil and the beetle larva are afraid of treatment with iodine solution.

As prevention of the fight against beetle larvae prepare a solution: 20 ml of iodine per 10 liters of water, water 1 liter under each bush (when watering, for example, strawberries, perennial flowers).

If the larvae harm young currant bushes, pour 5 liters of the same solution under the bush. Water with this solution 2 times a season in spring and autumn (August).

If you see that the plant is dying, withering, spill it 3 times with an interval of 5 days with an iodine solution: 20 ml per 10 liters of water. Water in the evening, trying not to get on the leaves.

Prevention against the appearance weevil - treatment of a plot of strawberries in early spring (when the soil is still covered with snow) with a solution of 1 tsp. iodine per 10 liters of water.

Popular fertilizer for tomatoes - feeding with iodine as a way to accelerate growth and increase the immunity of seedlings

Any summer resident sets himself the task of getting a good harvest, adhering to the natural cultivation of vegetable crops as much as possible, without resorting to chemical compositions. For this, improvised means and methods of plant feeding are often used. One of the means that has proven itself well in caring for vegetables during their growth period is pharmaceutical iodine.

Many people know that when used correctly, it is safe for humans and does not harm the vegetable crop. In order for iodine to become an excellent assistant in caring for tomatoes, you need to know when and how to process this product.

The principle of iodine action on tomato bushes

Summer residents regularly use pharmaceutical iodine to fertilize vegetables. The drug is absolutely harmless; if used correctly, it gives only a positive result. Despite the fact that tomato does not really need its beneficial properties, there are a lot of products on the market in which iodine is contained in sufficient quantities. Most often it is used for seedlings of tomatoes that grow in a greenhouse.

Tomatoes are vegetables that are very sensitive to such feeding; they react to them with active growth.

Why watering with iodine solution is useful

In order for tomatoes to grow well, they need to receive fertilizers that contain iodine. With a deficiency of this element, plant growth and fruit ripening are inhibited. Which often leads to seedling diseases.

What diseases can be prevented using iodine feeding

One of the most common diseases of all plants is late blight. Regular spraying with iodine solution will help prevent disease-causing organisms. The use of iodine-containing fertilizers will increase the resistance of the crop to diseases and fungal infections.

Due to the specific smell of the product, harmful insects try to bypass the processed vegetable bushes.

Impact on yield

In order for the treatment with the solution to give a positive result in the future, it is important to do the first feeding after the appearance of the first brushes of the plant, and repeat it after two weeks.

Important! Regular feeding of the root system with iodine-containing fertilizers increases the yield several times.

The tool is used only in diluted form. In no case should it be used in pure form, otherwise the plant may die.

Where is iodine found

This trace element takes an active part in all biological processes.

Iodine is found in black soil, floodplain and chestnut soils. But there are types of soil that experience a lack of it, from which plants suffer greatly. This applies to sierozem soil, podzolic and saline.

For a plant to develop well, it needs to receive iodine, but in small proportions.

Such fertilizer is not produced separately, so it can be purchased in ready-made formulations, for example, in phosphate rock. Also, do not forget that manure and ash, after all, are fertilizers rich in iodine.

How to determine iodine deficiency

In order to understand whether a plant needs additional fertilizing, you need to look at its appearance.

Experienced gardeners use top dressing not only during the active flowering of the tomato bush, but also regularly look after the seedlings.

Lack of iodine can contribute to plant problems, such as:

  • vegetable crop diseases
  • poor tomato yield
  • decrease in natural forces, instability to fungal infections
  • the appearance of root rot and late blight.

Top dressing methods

Vegetable crops are processed by root and foliar method. At the beginning of the growing season, alternating both methods is best. This will be a good prevention of diseases, and in the event of a disease, after treatment, the plant will quickly cope with it.

Root fertilization

If you work with a tool such as iodine, then it is very important to start processing the culture in a timely manner.

The very first top dressing for tomatoes should be carried out only after the leaves appear on the seedlings. Only wet soil can be treated with a solution. Using this method of fertilization, you can see the result from the first application.

Foliar method

This method is carried out by spraying. For this, a spray bottle is best suited, because it is necessary that the composition is dispersed into small particles. Spraying is carried out along the entire perimeter of the bush, avoiding the abundant application of the composition to the leaves.

It is worth considering that with this method it is necessary to adhere to all the proportions of the ingredients in order to prevent burns on the leaves.

In caring for tomatoes, two methods of feeding should be used. At the beginning of the ripening of the bush, they should be alternated, and then use only the root method.

Leaf processing is carried out only in case of plant disease.

Regular processing of tomatoes with iodine solution will provide reliable protection to the plant, which will further contribute to a good harvest.

General rules for watering

Watering a tomato with the addition of iodine is carried out no more than 3-4 times per season.

Consider a standard feeding method that is suitable for growing seedlings in a greenhouse and garden bed.

  • The first watering is done after the seedlings are planted in their permanent habitat. In this case, such treatment will be very useful, because after transplanting the plant is under stress, which worsens resistance to various infections. Watering a tomato bush with this composition will increase immunity and protect against the occurrence of fungal infections.
  • The second time to feed is after the formation of the ovary.
  • The third and fourth fertilization is done when the tomato has fruit. With this method of processing, you can protect the plant from pests that like to feast on ripe fruits.

In addition to watering the open-air bush, this method of feeding is also used for tomatoes growing in greenhouse conditions. After the first foliage has formed, you can start processing in the same way. To accelerate the growth of tomatoes, a one-time watering with a composition with the addition of iodine is enough.

The author of the video shares a recipe for preparing top dressing for tomato seedlings from iodine and hydrogen peroxide.

Preparation of the solution

For each method of feeding tomatoes, there is a different recipe and methods of its application.

Do not forget that iodine is good for plants, but in a certain amount.

It is quite simple to prepare fertilizers with the addition of this agent, the main thing is to know where and when it is better to apply it.

Foliar fertilization

It is worth considering several recipes for feeding a vegetable crop by applying the composition to the tops.

  1. Top dressing for a good harvest.

For cooking, take a glass of milk, it is better if it is not greasy. Then 1 liter of warm water and 4-5 drops of iodine. Spray the leaves and stem of the tomato with a ready-made product, avoiding waterlogging of the bush. It is worth carrying out the procedure in the morning or evening.

Important! Do not add more iodine to the fertilizer so as not to burn the leaves of the plant.

  1. Therapeutic composition for late blight.

There is an excellent method of getting rid of late blight in tomatoes. To do this, take a large container, pour 10-12 liters of water into it, add 1 liter of sour milk or whey. Put 1 tbsp in the mixed ingredients. a spoonful of hydrogen peroxide and 35-40 drops of iodine. Using this method, seedlings must be sprayed abundantly on all sides.

Root feeding recipes

Fertilizing in this way is very careful, not allowing the composition to get on the leaves and stems of the plant. In a situation where this could not be avoided, the leaves should be rinsed with clean water to exclude their damage.

  1. Top dressing for tomato immunity.

This method makes the plant more resistant to fungal diseases.

For cooking, you need 8 liters of hot water, to which you need to add 2 liters of ash powder, mix everything. After the composition has cooled, add 10 g of boric acid powder and a small bottle of iodine. The prepared mixture should be infused for at least 10 hours. This product can be used on an ongoing basis to prepare beneficial fertilizers.

  1. Fertilizers for better fruiting.

In order for a tomato to give a good harvest, it is necessary to feed, which requires only 2-3 drops of iodine per bucket of water. It is recommended to use warm water at room temperature for irrigation.

This type of feeding should be done during the period when the plant is bearing fruit. One bush is 0.5-0.7 liters of finished liquid. Watering with this mixture is recommended when the ground around the plant has dried out a little.

How to properly water tomatoes with iodine

It is recommended to root the tomato when the first leaves appear on the seedlings. The initial treatment should be done with more gentle compounds. At first, ordinary water with the addition of a couple of drops of iodine will be enough. The solution should be applied to the soil where the culture is planted. Do not forget that it must dry out before fertilizing.

The next treatment with iodine should be carried out when a brush is formed in the seedlings.

It is worth pouring 0.5 liters of liquid on small bushes. For watering adult tomatoes with fertilizers, it will be enough to use 0.7-1 liters of the finished composition.

Do not forget that tomatoes love fertilization during fruiting. When tomatoes appear on the bushes, it is advisable to reapply the composition with the addition of iodine. This will be not only an excellent option for a good harvest, but also an insect control and reliable protection against fungal diseases.

How to handle the tops

Any gardener knows that with the correct use of ready-made formulations with the use of iodine, you can get a positive result from the first treatment.

It is necessary to carry out foliar processing with care, evenly spraying all parts of the plant.

You need to strive to ensure that the spraying is as small as possible, like a fog. The recommended time for this fertilization method is early morning or late evening.

For processing the tops, it is very important to adhere to the recipe, because an excess of iodine can harm the tomato bush. It is also worth paying attention to the fact that there should not be a lot of these dressings, 3 treatments per season are enough. Timely fertilization increases the plant's resistance to diseases.

Recommendations to help you avoid mistakes

Sometimes even an experienced summer resident faces problems in caring for tomatoes, let alone beginners who still do not quite understand what to do and how to do it.

For this, recommendations have been created that will answer many questions and help avoid mistakes:

  1. Do not apply treatment with iodine to seedlings that, after transplanting into the ground, have not yet been in it for about 10 days.
  2. In the case of tomato disease, treatment with iodine and the addition of whey can be done at intervals of 1 time in 3 days, but not more than one month in a row.
  3. Carry out preventive spraying once a quarter.
  4. In the case when the seedlings are sick with late blight, fertilizers with the addition of brilliant green cannot be applied to them.
  5. During the application of dressings using iodine, the seedlings do not need the addition of aspirin and trichopol tablets.
  6. You can use iodine for tomatoes by adding potassium permanganate crystals in parallel. To do this, you need to take 0.5 g of manganese per 100 ml of water.
  7. When using milk for fertilization, it is important to ensure that it is non-greasy.
  8. It is possible to use hydrogen peroxide and boric acid powder only 5 days after the treatment of tomatoes with iodine.

Iodine for tomatoes is an excellent watering agent and getting rid of many diseases. In the process of caring for your favorite vegetable, it is important to strictly adhere to the recipe so as not to harm the young plant.

Knowing what products to combine iodine with correctly, as a result, you can get a rich and tasty harvest.

Watch the video: How to Purify Water Part 2. IODINE - CHLORINE - CHLORFLOC. Survival Training. Tactical Rifleman

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