Little cottage assistant
Gardeners who are engaged in the cultivation of vegetable crops know that the productivity of plants directly depends on how the seedlings grew, whether the plants were properly cared for. Increased attention is paid to watering plants. The health and quality of plants depends on what the seedlings were watered with during their growth.
To get a good harvest, you need to plant strong plants that can quickly take root in new conditions, this can be achieved using all sorts of techniques. But it is unlikely that it will be possible to get a crop without the use of water irrigation and fertilization.
The drug is used in horticulture and horticulture because of its main properties - participation in the exchange of nitrogen and other substances, disinfecting effect, activation of growth. The use of iodine for tomatoes is especially valuable due to the fact that plants acquire protection against a dangerous disease - late blight. For this purpose, it is recommended to hang an open bottle with the substance in a greenhouse with tomatoes. At the same time, it is important to ventilate the building as often as possible, if possible, leave the window open for the night. The trace element is highly volatile, toxic in large doses, so it is necessary to provide fresh air to the greenhouse.
The effect of iodine on tomatoes explains the use of the drug in growing:
Iodine is involved in the metabolism of nutrients, primarily nitrogen. With timely watering of tomatoes with iodine, nitrogen-containing fertilizing may not be required. Foliar processing of green mass in a solution with milk whey has proven itself well.
To improve nutrition, plants can be watered with water with wood ash and iodine. Then the active component will facilitate the assimilation of the fertilizer components.
The substance does not replace top dressing, but helps the plant to receive the necessary components.
It has been noticed that irrigation of tomatoes with iodine increases the yield by 10%. During the fruiting period, it is recommended to spray tomatoes with a mixture with milk whey to accelerate the ripening of the fruits, increase the mass. You can use the product without a dairy product, but follow the technology so as not to burn the leaves of the plants.
The use of the drug at the stage of forcing seedlings promotes early flowering, and helps adult bushes get rid of lethargy, yellowness, pale color of leaves, due to which fruiting increases.
Treatment of tomato seed with iodine has a disinfectant effect. Due to its broad spectrum of action on fungi, bacteria and viruses, the microelement reduces the likelihood of developing diseases by 80%.
When forcing seedlings and in adulthood, watering is used, spraying with an iodine solution to treat diseases - phytophthora, various rot, spotting, powdery mildew. Positive results are obtained by prophylactic treatment of the aerial part and the surface of the soil.
When growing seedlings at home, a full-fledged substrate is prepared, so a lack of nutrients may not appear. It is more difficult when growing crops in open ground, because the applied fertilizers can be washed out, distributed unevenly, taken by neighboring plants and weeds.
The reaction of peppers and tomatoes to nutrient deficiencies is rapid, so it is important to distinguish between the main symptoms.
Nutrient Deficiency Symptoms:
The tomato sprout begins to feed after the appearance of the first root, and at this moment it is desirable to give an impetus to the growth processes. But in the cotyledonous leaf stage, the seedlings are still very weak and the assimilation of additional nutrition can do more harm than good.
The first feeding is planned for the period of formation of the second true leaf and preference is given to not strong nitrogen compositions.
After the diving procedure, a second feeding is carried out in 10-14 days. At this time, young tomato seedlings will benefit from complex fertilizers with a small dose of fungicides or a weak solution of manganese.
Two weeks before the expected date of planting in open ground, the plants are fed for the third time with a potassium-phosphorus composition and at the same time they begin the hardening procedure. Such feeding will prepare the seedlings for changing conditions of detention, stimulate the laying of buds, and enhance immunity.
Tomato seedlings are planted in open ground after the establishment of stable warm weather with the exclusion of the possibility of recurrent frosts. 7-10 will be spent on plant survival in new conditions and adaptation to external factors: sun, breeze, temperature changes.
After this time, it is necessary to stimulate growth and development by introducing organic matter in the form of mullein infusion, bird droppings or green fertilizer.
Ready-made mineral fertilizers are of no less value.
Pests such as the weevil and the beetle larva are afraid of treatment with iodine solution.
As prevention of the fight against beetle larvae prepare a solution: 20 ml of iodine per 10 liters of water, water 1 liter under each bush (when watering, for example, strawberries, perennial flowers).
If the larvae harm young currant bushes, pour 5 liters of the same solution under the bush. Water with this solution 2 times a season in spring and autumn (August).
If you see that the plant is dying, withering, spill it 3 times with an interval of 5 days with an iodine solution: 20 ml per 10 liters of water. Water in the evening, trying not to get on the leaves.
Prevention against the appearance weevil - treatment of a plot of strawberries in early spring (when the soil is still covered with snow) with a solution of 1 tsp. iodine per 10 liters of water.
Any summer resident sets himself the task of getting a good harvest, adhering to the natural cultivation of vegetable crops as much as possible, without resorting to chemical compositions. For this, improvised means and methods of plant feeding are often used. One of the means that has proven itself well in caring for vegetables during their growth period is pharmaceutical iodine.
Many people know that when used correctly, it is safe for humans and does not harm the vegetable crop. In order for iodine to become an excellent assistant in caring for tomatoes, you need to know when and how to process this product.
Summer residents regularly use pharmaceutical iodine to fertilize vegetables. The drug is absolutely harmless; if used correctly, it gives only a positive result. Despite the fact that tomato does not really need its beneficial properties, there are a lot of products on the market in which iodine is contained in sufficient quantities. Most often it is used for seedlings of tomatoes that grow in a greenhouse.
Tomatoes are vegetables that are very sensitive to such feeding; they react to them with active growth.
In order for tomatoes to grow well, they need to receive fertilizers that contain iodine. With a deficiency of this element, plant growth and fruit ripening are inhibited. Which often leads to seedling diseases.
One of the most common diseases of all plants is late blight. Regular spraying with iodine solution will help prevent disease-causing organisms. The use of iodine-containing fertilizers will increase the resistance of the crop to diseases and fungal infections.
Due to the specific smell of the product, harmful insects try to bypass the processed vegetable bushes.
In order for the treatment with the solution to give a positive result in the future, it is important to do the first feeding after the appearance of the first brushes of the plant, and repeat it after two weeks.
Important! Regular feeding of the root system with iodine-containing fertilizers increases the yield several times.
The tool is used only in diluted form. In no case should it be used in pure form, otherwise the plant may die.
This trace element takes an active part in all biological processes.
Iodine is found in black soil, floodplain and chestnut soils. But there are types of soil that experience a lack of it, from which plants suffer greatly. This applies to sierozem soil, podzolic and saline.
For a plant to develop well, it needs to receive iodine, but in small proportions.
Such fertilizer is not produced separately, so it can be purchased in ready-made formulations, for example, in phosphate rock. Also, do not forget that manure and ash, after all, are fertilizers rich in iodine.
In order to understand whether a plant needs additional fertilizing, you need to look at its appearance.
Experienced gardeners use top dressing not only during the active flowering of the tomato bush, but also regularly look after the seedlings.
Lack of iodine can contribute to plant problems, such as:
Vegetable crops are processed by root and foliar method. At the beginning of the growing season, alternating both methods is best. This will be a good prevention of diseases, and in the event of a disease, after treatment, the plant will quickly cope with it.
If you work with a tool such as iodine, then it is very important to start processing the culture in a timely manner.
The very first top dressing for tomatoes should be carried out only after the leaves appear on the seedlings. Only wet soil can be treated with a solution. Using this method of fertilization, you can see the result from the first application.
This method is carried out by spraying. For this, a spray bottle is best suited, because it is necessary that the composition is dispersed into small particles. Spraying is carried out along the entire perimeter of the bush, avoiding the abundant application of the composition to the leaves.
It is worth considering that with this method it is necessary to adhere to all the proportions of the ingredients in order to prevent burns on the leaves.
In caring for tomatoes, two methods of feeding should be used. At the beginning of the ripening of the bush, they should be alternated, and then use only the root method.
Leaf processing is carried out only in case of plant disease.
Regular processing of tomatoes with iodine solution will provide reliable protection to the plant, which will further contribute to a good harvest.
Watering a tomato with the addition of iodine is carried out no more than 3-4 times per season.
Consider a standard feeding method that is suitable for growing seedlings in a greenhouse and garden bed.
In addition to watering the open-air bush, this method of feeding is also used for tomatoes growing in greenhouse conditions. After the first foliage has formed, you can start processing in the same way. To accelerate the growth of tomatoes, a one-time watering with a composition with the addition of iodine is enough.
The author of the video shares a recipe for preparing top dressing for tomato seedlings from iodine and hydrogen peroxide.
For each method of feeding tomatoes, there is a different recipe and methods of its application.
Do not forget that iodine is good for plants, but in a certain amount.
It is quite simple to prepare fertilizers with the addition of this agent, the main thing is to know where and when it is better to apply it.
It is worth considering several recipes for feeding a vegetable crop by applying the composition to the tops.
For cooking, take a glass of milk, it is better if it is not greasy. Then 1 liter of warm water and 4-5 drops of iodine. Spray the leaves and stem of the tomato with a ready-made product, avoiding waterlogging of the bush. It is worth carrying out the procedure in the morning or evening.
Important! Do not add more iodine to the fertilizer so as not to burn the leaves of the plant.
There is an excellent method of getting rid of late blight in tomatoes. To do this, take a large container, pour 10-12 liters of water into it, add 1 liter of sour milk or whey. Put 1 tbsp in the mixed ingredients. a spoonful of hydrogen peroxide and 35-40 drops of iodine. Using this method, seedlings must be sprayed abundantly on all sides.
Fertilizing in this way is very careful, not allowing the composition to get on the leaves and stems of the plant. In a situation where this could not be avoided, the leaves should be rinsed with clean water to exclude their damage.
This method makes the plant more resistant to fungal diseases.
For cooking, you need 8 liters of hot water, to which you need to add 2 liters of ash powder, mix everything. After the composition has cooled, add 10 g of boric acid powder and a small bottle of iodine. The prepared mixture should be infused for at least 10 hours. This product can be used on an ongoing basis to prepare beneficial fertilizers.
In order for a tomato to give a good harvest, it is necessary to feed, which requires only 2-3 drops of iodine per bucket of water. It is recommended to use warm water at room temperature for irrigation.
This type of feeding should be done during the period when the plant is bearing fruit. One bush is 0.5-0.7 liters of finished liquid. Watering with this mixture is recommended when the ground around the plant has dried out a little.
It is recommended to root the tomato when the first leaves appear on the seedlings. The initial treatment should be done with more gentle compounds. At first, ordinary water with the addition of a couple of drops of iodine will be enough. The solution should be applied to the soil where the culture is planted. Do not forget that it must dry out before fertilizing.
The next treatment with iodine should be carried out when a brush is formed in the seedlings.
It is worth pouring 0.5 liters of liquid on small bushes. For watering adult tomatoes with fertilizers, it will be enough to use 0.7-1 liters of the finished composition.
Do not forget that tomatoes love fertilization during fruiting. When tomatoes appear on the bushes, it is advisable to reapply the composition with the addition of iodine. This will be not only an excellent option for a good harvest, but also an insect control and reliable protection against fungal diseases.
Any gardener knows that with the correct use of ready-made formulations with the use of iodine, you can get a positive result from the first treatment.
It is necessary to carry out foliar processing with care, evenly spraying all parts of the plant.
You need to strive to ensure that the spraying is as small as possible, like a fog. The recommended time for this fertilization method is early morning or late evening.
For processing the tops, it is very important to adhere to the recipe, because an excess of iodine can harm the tomato bush. It is also worth paying attention to the fact that there should not be a lot of these dressings, 3 treatments per season are enough. Timely fertilization increases the plant's resistance to diseases.
Sometimes even an experienced summer resident faces problems in caring for tomatoes, let alone beginners who still do not quite understand what to do and how to do it.
For this, recommendations have been created that will answer many questions and help avoid mistakes:
Iodine for tomatoes is an excellent watering agent and getting rid of many diseases. In the process of caring for your favorite vegetable, it is important to strictly adhere to the recipe so as not to harm the young plant.
Knowing what products to combine iodine with correctly, as a result, you can get a rich and tasty harvest.