There are pears in literally every garden. But in order to have a good harvest, and the pear can bear fruit, you need to make a little effort, including feeding the tree in a timely manner in the fall. This will not only increase the tree's immunity to various diseases, but also directly affect the taste and appearance of the fruit. In our article we will talk about what the autumn feeding of a pear is, what its feature is.
Autumn top dressing will allow the tree to replenish the spent useful microelements for the entire growing season, while giving strength to withstand the unfavorable drop in temperature in winter.
In the process of fruiting, the pear loses a lot of strength and it becomes simply necessary for additional nutrition. This is not just an opportunity to significantly increase the immunity of a plant, but a guarantee of a successful wintering and a good harvest next season.
The yield of a pear fully depends on its condition, the creation of optimal growth conditions and, of course, on the availability of the required amount of micronutrients necessary for fruiting. To get a good harvest, it is recommended to properly fertilize the plant in the fall.
Top dressing is performed in the area of the pre-trunk circle... These manipulations should be started after complete collection of the fruits, when a third of the foliage has already turned yellow.
For young seedlings, it is worth doing differently: fertilization is done for digging.
You can already feed the tree in the second year growth. You don't need to do this earlier. But this is only on condition that the right amount of fertilizer was introduced into the hole during planting. Such a complex of nutrients is just enough for a couple of years. Well, and then you need to feed the pear.
In order for the pear to move normally after hibernation, it is recommended to master all the intricacies of autumn feeding. After all, the lack of useful microelements is as dangerous as their excess. You need to know the "golden mean". If the tree lacks food, it will be difficult to recover after winter, and if there is a lot, it will wake up early. What if spring frosts? This is also not good.
It is worth performing the primary autumn fertilization in September, immediately after harvest. In this case, it is better to use potassium and phosphorus-containing fertilizers. The procedure will allow the wood to develop properly and provide buds for the winter.
The later you feed the plant, the less time it has to prepare for wintering.
As soon as all the foliage has fallen and you have pruned the old branches, you can proceed to the second stage of autumn feeding. Here you can use fertilizers with boric acid, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium and copper. The main thing, so that there is no nitrogen - this will prevent the tree from falling asleep normally before wintering.
Another important point: it is necessary water abundantly tree before winter. To do this, you need two buckets of water for each pear.
Any fruit tree, including a pear, needs to get the right amount of nutrients on time. Otherwise, you can forget about a good harvest and tasty fruits.
When there is a drought on the street, it is recommended to use foliar application nutrients. Since in the usual way, trace elements are unlikely to reach the root system. In this case, exclusively organic substances are used by spraying the crowns after sunset.
It is forbidden to apply fertilizers without preliminary abundant watering, otherwise the nutrient components will not reach their destination.
There are a huge number of fertilizers that can be used to feed the pear. But when, how and in what quantity to use these or those complexes, how to fertilize them, we will talk later in our article.
You can use organic matter to feed the pear, but it is best to do it in spring time... Practice shows that organics give the best effect at this particular time. Whereas in the fall you should pay attention to the mineral complexes.
Correct autumn top dressing is the use of mineral fertilizers. You can buy them at any specialty store, or you can create them yourself. Let's consider one option in more detail below.
For mineral feeding, it is necessary to dissolve one tablespoon in ten liters of water. potassium chloride and two tablespoons superphosphate... It is recommended to apply the solution not under the barrel, but in the pre-barrel circle.
If we are talking about folk methods of feeding pears and other fruit trees in the fall, then you can use wood ash... To do this, for each square meter of digging, you need to evenly distribute about 150 g of ash.
The depth of the bookmark must be within 0.1-0.2 m... It is recommended to use this fertilizer for both mature trees and young seedlings.
It is important to remember to mulch the trees after applying water and fertilizer. In this case, you can use peat, rotted humus or pine bark... The main thing is that mulch will allow you to keep moisture at the roots of the tree for a long time, at the same time giving it the opportunity for some more time to feed on useful microelements in the soil.
Autumn feeding of pears is a prerequisite for proper preparation of the tree for wintering.
Compliance with simple rules and regular care will make your garden as fruitful as possible, and delicious fruits with little or no investment. Fertilization costs are insignificant.
Moreover, you can always use folk nutrients and recipes at hand. There are many of them. The garden will always thank a good owner with a large and tasty harvest.
It is necessary to apply different types of funds with different frequencies. For example, specialized fertilizers (based on organic or mineral components), if used correctly, continue to work for a long period (several years).
Folk remedies are less effective, but they are softer.
When a decision is made on how to feed the blackberries in the fall, they determine the goal that must be achieved as a result. There are schemes that differ in the type of fertilizer used. The period of development of the plant, the season is also taken into account. Available options:
Applying a suitable scheme will help to obtain a good harvest. In addition, the additives increase the resistance of plants to infections. As a result, the blackberry is less sick, it tolerates wintering better.
How to grow a good tomato crop is a rather broad question. The key to a good harvest is the implementation of the following recommendations.
For different growing conditions, you need to choose the appropriate variety of tomatoes. To get high yields in the open field, it is necessary to select varieties specially designed for it. Such tomatoes are more resistant to adverse weather conditions and diseases. As a rule, undersized varieties are grown in the open field. They are more compact, but growing them correctly can yield a large harvest. Only the varieties intended for it should be planted in the greenhouse.
The most popular are tall, early-ripening tomatoes. If you take care of them properly, then their yield is quite high. In addition, when choosing a variety, you should pay attention to its zoning. There are varieties intended only for cultivation in the southern regions, and if they are planted in Siberia or the Urals, where the climate is temperate, then it will not be possible to get high yields even in a greenhouse. For such regions, there are specially bred and zoned varieties that are adapted to a temperate climate.
The ripening period of tomatoes is essential for a good harvest. If only early or late varieties are planted, then the picking time of the tomato will be short. Therefore, you need to plant tomatoes with different ripening periods from ultra early ripening to late ripening.
In this case, it will be possible to try the first harvest in the open field or in a greenhouse in the middle of summer, and remove the last tomatoes in late autumn.
Healthy and robust seedlings will help you get the most out of your crop. Therefore, care for young plants must be carried out carefully. First of all, when growing seedlings, you need to take care of a suitable soil. It should be light, with peat or humus in its composition and have a slightly acidic pH. In the process of caring for seedlings, an optimal irrigation regime is required, an air temperature of 22-24 degrees and good lighting.
Before placing plants in the open ground or greenhouse, the seedlings must be hardened. Within two weeks, she is taken out onto the balcony or veranda, and then outside. The time for hardening the seedlings is gradually increased from 10 minutes to a whole day, and in the absence of frost, three days before transplanting, the plants are left in a greenhouse or open ground.
When the plants take root, you can start feeding. And a week after transplanting, if required by the variety, formation and pinching. In the open field, when growing undersized varieties, pinching is practically not required. But it is necessary to form plants. Usually low-growing varieties are grown in two stems, the second is formed from the stepson closest to the flower brush. There is no need to tie up undersized tomatoes.
Growing tomatoes in a greenhouse requires more maintenance than outdoors. After transplanting seedlings, you need to immediately tie up the plants. During the season, you will have to make the garter several more times, as the bushes grow quickly and cannot hold themselves.
The garter is carried out in several ways, the simplest of them is on pegs. You can tie on trellises, hooks, weave a net for tomatoes. When the plants take root in the greenhouse, the formation should begin. One stem is left on each bush. The lower leaves, which have turned yellow, are immediately removed, and then proceed to pinching.
To increase the yield, 3-4 flower brushes are left on each plant, and the rest are removed. Young shoots should also be removed, as they thicken the plant and take a lot of energy from it.
The pinching procedure is carried out every 10 days, when removing shoots, small hemp is left so that new ones do not grow in this place. In addition, artificial pollination must be carried out in the greenhouse.
In the open field, flowers are pollinated by insects, the wind carries pollen, and in a greenhouse, plants are deprived of these conditions. To carry out pollination, you need to ventilate the greenhouse, and then shake the bushes with flowers. You can use a brush to shake off pollen from flowers. This procedure should be carried out every 4-5 days.
Plants, thanks to their powerful root system, quickly deplete nutrient reserves in the soil. Due to their vigorous growth, they may be deficient in potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. But in order to form good ovaries, you need to feed the tomatoes correctly. You should not give a lot of nitrogen, as it promotes the growth of green mass, which negatively affects flowering and fruiting. A week after transplanting, you can feed the tomatoes with ammonium nitrate and superphosphate or replace these mineral fertilizers with organic ones.
A solution of mullein or chicken droppings is well suited as organic matter for tomatoes. Many people use growth stimulants that activate the metabolic and photosynthetic processes in plants and help them grow more actively. For foliar feeding, which is carried out during the period of budding and flowering, a solution of boric acid or ash is often used.
Fertilizers are essential for plant life. But before using the formulations, instructions are studied so as not to harm the already weakened grapes. A list with their description and characteristics is below.
Important! To make mineral fertilizers easier to assimilate, in the fall they switch to foliar dressing of grapes.
Cellar storage is the most common way to store crops in small quantities. The quality of root crops in this case entirely depends on the temperature and humidity of a particular room. Therefore, it is better to find out these indicators in advance. The less they correspond to the optimal ones, the more losses will be. In this case, you can:
change the microclimate of the cellar to be limited to a short shelf life.
Potato tubers, like any root crop, contain a large amount of moisture. In addition, under favorable conditions, they very quickly sprout, which is undesirable. Therefore, during long-term storage, it is necessary to observe some rules:
The last feeding should provide all the missing nutrients, but not activate the growth of green mass. For this reason, nitrogen is contraindicated. The fertilizer should be applied for the first time in early September. It is at this time that it is recommended to add potassium and phosphorus.
For poor soils, it is necessary to introduce a mixture of organic matter with chemicals. This will improve the varietal quality of the planting. After using top dressing, it is imperative to mulch the soil. This will help the nutrients work well into spring. Additionally, the mulching layer will eliminate the rapid evaporation of the liquid. For this purpose, sawdust and peat are used.
If the fruits have not yet been and less than 2 years have passed since planting, feeding is not needed. The plant has enough of those substances that were introduced during planting. For the first time, fertilizers are added only 2 years after planting.
After mulching and fertilizing, you need to protect the trunk. To do this, it is painted with garden paint with the addition of copper sulfate. This will protect the plant from pests. If the pear is not fertile, use a chalk solution. Garden paint can damage young seedlings, so its use should be discarded.
After processing the trunk, you need to insulate it. To do this, use burlap. You can also give preference to plastic, rags or paper. You can use the tutorial videos to get it right.