Combinations of plants and flowers in a flower bed in shape, color and other characteristics

Just like an artist paints his pictures, carefully choosing colors, so a gardener creates flower beds of amazing beauty using plants that work best with each other. Taking into account the different influence of certain shades of the color spectrum on the mood, you can choose a certain color scheme so that it has a pacifying effect or, conversely, energizes thanks to bright, cheerful shades.

Combination of plants

Just like an artist paints his pictures, carefully choosing colors, so a gardener creates flower beds of amazing beauty using plants that work best with each other. Taking into account the different influence of certain shades of the color spectrum on the mood, you can choose a certain color scheme so that it has a pacifying effect or, conversely, energizes thanks to bright, cheerful shades.

The combination of flowers in a flower bed should not only correspond to the personal preferences of the gardener, but also fit the general style of the site design, so that the territory looks harmonious.

The selection of flowers for a flower bed is carried out according to several parameters: in color, shape of leaves and petals, in size, in the degree of growth and in terms of flowering. Many subtleties need to be considered before starting to develop a flower bed scheme. And if before you have not had a chance to deal with a flower garden or have not been able to achieve a harmonious flower arrangement, from this article you will learn what to plant in a flower bed, what types of flowers to choose, and what shades are best combined with each other.

Many subtleties need to be considered before taking on the development of a flower bed scheme

The nobility of a one-color flower bed or bright contrasts?

First of all, decide what result you want to achieve: a flower bed with marigolds or nasturtiums will look sunny, delicate - with forget-me-nots, exquisite - with white lilies. You can make the flower bed monochrome, use shades close to the color spectrum or contrasting. Any color scheme will look interesting if you choose the right types of flowers.

Video about beautiful flower beds and flower beds

Keep in mind that orange, yellow, red tones are eye-catching; blues, blues, purples, greens appear calmer and are often used as backgrounds for brightly colored flowers. White is neutral, it successfully smooths out the contrasts in the floral arrangement. Together, the following are the most advantageous. contrasting color combinations:

  • green with red,
  • yellow with purple,
  • orange with purple,
  • red with yellow,
  • blue with orange
  • blue with red.

In irregular beds, it is recommended to plant one or two plants that will look attractive throughout the season, while the rest of the groups of flowers and plants replace each other. For example, you can use the following types of flowers for flower beds: badan with wide green leaves that turn red by autumn, daylilies, hosta; for the border - subulate phlox, Steller's wormwood, saxifrage and stonecrop, gray sedum.

It is recommended to plant one or two plants in irregular flower beds, which will have an attractive appearance throughout the season.

Try to avoid unnecessary complexity and variegation of the pattern, do not plant many plants of different types in one flower bed. Sometimes a monochrome flower bed with flowers of different heights and shapes looks much more impressive than a chaotic colorful flower garden.

The shape of flowers and leaves matters

When the shades in the flower arrangement are matched tone-on-tone, a flower bed with plants of various shapes looks very beautiful. This applies to both monochrome options and combinations with soft color transitions. For example, pink and purple phloxes successfully coexist with a red grate.

Large-flowered and small-flowered plants, as well as plants with decorative foliage, are surprisingly in harmony with each other. Also, a good combination of elongated narrow leaves with oval foliage, large-leaved plants with openwork foliage. Duets of lily of the valley with hosta leaves or astilba with hosta are very popular.

Some plants bloom after others

When choosing which flowers to plant in a flower bed, do not forget that all plants should bloom at about the same time, if we are talking about a regular flower bed, or in a certain sequence one after another, if you are going to create a flower bed of an irregular type.

When choosing which flowers to plant in a flower bed, do not forget that all plants should bloom at about the same time.

Perennials, annuals and bulbous plants can peacefully coexist in one flower garden. Bulbous plants (tulips, daffodils, viola, crocuses) bloom very first in early spring; by the beginning of the summer season, they completely lose their attractiveness. They are followed by flowers of biennial plants (forget-me-nots, daisies, violets) and some perennials (peonies, irises) by June. In the middle of summer, the time comes for the flowering of annuals (petunias, calendula).

It is important to think about how to choose flowers for a flower bed so that your flower garden is not empty. Some plants bloom for only a week or two, others bloom again, and still others delight with their flowers throughout the season. Plant those plants that bloom quickly between the species that bloom immediately after them. For example, instead of bulbous plants, phlox or verbena are planted in the same place, without disturbing the bulbs.

Video about the main mistakes when designing flower beds

Important nuances

Thinking over the compatibility of flowers in a flower bed, do not lose sight of the fact that some plants love sunlight, and some, on the contrary, are shade-loving (Kupena, delphinium, St. John's wort, lily of the valley). In addition, flowers of delicate pastel shades look exquisite only at dusk and in the shade, their beauty is lost in the sun. While purples, blues, and blues fade in shaded areas, deep, cool hues work best in bright sunlight.

It is desirable that plants growing in the same flower bed have similar requirements for the composition of the soil and for its moisture content. As a rule, most garden flowers need drainage, and the soil should not be acidic; for this, wood ash is added to sour peat. An important feature of bulbous plants is that they need fertilizing with nitrogen mineral fertilizers, while in perennials, an excess of nitrogen in the soil causes abundant foliage growth instead of flowering.

Flowerbeds and flower beds in the country and next to the house

Magic garden in the country

Each of us needs a place where he will feel comfortable and happy. Each of us drew in our dreams this inexpressibly beautiful fairytale corner, where he can enjoy the peace and harmony of the nature around him in peace. Why not make your dreams come true and arrange this island of happiness at your dacha?

The first step of the creator is the plan

We choose a suitable place for the birth of your dream flower bed, a place that will seem to you the most comfortable and favorable. It can be arranged in the middle of your site in the form of an island, or you may want it to be located directly under your windows. Maybe one of the walls will become a support for it, or it will be located on your site in the form of a circle or a triangle, or maybe some kind of complex figure will be formed from it ... No one holds your imagination here. The most important thing is not to rush, but to entrust the plan to paper, having checked it against reality more than once in order to avoid mistakes.

What you should pay attention to is the illumination. In a well-lit place, flowers will grow strong, strong, large in size. If the place is well thought out and fits harmoniously into the overall look, you can start to designate the territory of the flower bed using trellises, a wooden palisade, stones, curbs or mesh.

We select flowers to create a masterpiece

There comes a very crucial moment of choosing flowers for a flower bed. How can this be done with their huge variety? We do everything gradually. First, we decide that flowers will participate in our work of art, which, with their flowering, will smoothly give way to the dominant place of the next species, so that the flower bed is not empty and fallen, so that the beauty of the flowers warming the soul will last as long as possible. To do this, it is better to combine different types of flowers, both perennial and annual, since annuals delight with flowers much longer than perennials. In addition, some plants do not get along well with each other, so this issue is also worth investigating.

The first to bloom are bulbous and primroses, we will plant them so that in early spring they will please the eye. Pulsatilla blooms next, which, even after flowering, remains attractive due to its fruits. In April, Caucasian Arabis begins to bloom - we will plant it nearby. A little later, lilies of the valley, daffodils, irises, pansies begin to bloom - choose what you like. In May, daisies and violets will delight you, tulips bloom behind them, then peonies and daffodils are added to them, and chrysanthemum reigns in autumn.

Next, use a little hint related to what colors you want to see in your wonderful flower bed. White color in Iberis umbrella, winged ammobium, fragrant dope, peony and chrysanthemum. In blue colors, your flower bed will be decorated with blue cornflowers, kosmeya, salvia and large-flowered godetia. Saturated sunny, fiery shades of beautiful Gaillardia, orange and calendula dimorphic.

The next stage is planting flowers

If you decide to create a permanent flower bed, you should plant the plants in steps, taking into account their flowering time, so that some flowering plant always decorates the flower bed. It is also important to take into account their size and build the composition as it increases or decreases so that the flowers do not overlap each other, but are open to the eye. Don't be lazy - draw your project on paper.

Low-growing flowers are planted along the edge of the flower bed. For example, a woolly chisel is suitable for edge decoration - it will gently mark the border of your flower bed. Catnip, perennial primroses and stonecrops are also suitable for this, decorating the flower bed with their green, yellow and red foliage during the summer, and in the fall they will delight you with their flowers. Dwarf irises will do the job well, too.

For the decoration of the middle of the flower bed, perennials are suitable - asters, peonies, cornflowers, chamomile, peonies, veronica and monarda. These flowers have a very diverse range of colors - they are white, yellow, blue, lilac and pink, which will allow your flower bed to sparkle with colors.

Annuals such as marigolds, lobelia, bright fiery calendula and ageratum will be a bright addition, but it is important to remember that these flowers need good lighting.

If you don't have enough light on the site chosen for the flower bed, opt for the hosts. Among these plants there are both undersized and giants, and the variety of leaf colors - white, blue and yellow, will serve as a wonderful decoration. Compositions of red and green flowers, of blue and red, as well as combinations of yellow and red look spectacular. If you have excessively wet soil, Heuchera is suitable for a flower bed, the multi-colored shades of its leaves will delight your imagination.

Plant flowers not too close so that you do not have to plant them when they grow. If your choice fell on flowers such as violet, stachis, euphorbia, oxalis and tenacious, you need to be prepared for the fact that they will try to seize the territory of their neighbors, so limit their temperament with a curb tape.

If you can't cope with planting, you can cheat and bring blooming indoor flowers to the flower bed by placing them in flowerpots.

Additional highlights for your garden

You have created a wonderful flower garden in your country house. But this may not be its only decoration, you should not stop there, because you can create an alpine slide in your garden with your own hands - classic or made in Japanese or Karelian style. Each of them will make your site irresistible, each will bring coziness and inexpressible charm to your dacha. If this idea seems too complicated to you, then you can arrange a rockery on your site - a rocky garden.

A pond can become a wonderful decoration and place to relax. Be a real creator! Make your summer cottage the magical garden of your dreams!

Design and proper layout of the garden for planting

A vegetable garden can look almost as beautiful as a flower bed. Now it has become fashionable to decorate the garden not in the form of traditional long beds, but in French, English styles and in the form of flower beds. After all, garden crops look very decorative.

The vegetable garden usually occupies about 30% of the entire territory of the site. The garden is usually assigned a place at the rear border of the site. Between the garden and the rest of the territory, you can plant low ornamental shrubs.

Basic conditions for a vegetable garden:

  • water source nearby
  • no shade from a fence or tall trees.

The location of the beds for vegetable crops

The beds should be located from north to south to get the most sunlight during the day. Make the width of each bed no more than 70 cm. Then you can easily reach its middle. We arrange aisles between the beds more than 40 cm so that a garden cart can drive along them.

Before planting vegetable beds, carry out preliminary preparation:

  • Make a planting plan. This is necessary in order to fit all the plants, as well as to subsequently carry out the correct crop rotation.
  • Distribute the plants in the beds so that the taller ones are in the center and the lower ones are at the edges of the plantings.

Vegetable planting scheme, crop rotation, description

Plant vegetables according to the scheme drawn up in advance. This scheme should take into account crop rotation, the compatibility of various garden crops.

Since different plants consume nutrients in different ways, taking them from the soil, each year they change the place of planting of these plants. This is called a crop rotation. In addition, by changing the place of planting vegetables, we fight unwanted diseases. It is advisable to return the plants to one place no earlier than after 3 years. During this time, the earth will replenish the spent useful elements and free itself from pathogens.

To correctly carry out a crop rotation, divide the entire garden into several parts. It is most convenient when there are four such parts.

  1. Leafy crops: lettuce, cabbage, green onions, spinach, etc.
  2. Fruit crops: tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, zucchini, eggplants, pumpkins, etc.
  3. Root crops: carrots, potatoes, beets, radishes, radishes, etc.
  4. Legumes: peas, beans, lentils, chickpeas, etc.
The scheme of planting plants in the garden in the first year.

If in the first year the plants are planted in the order shown in the diagram, then in the second year the plantings change.

You can combine the beds in a different way:

The second option for the formation of crop rotation in the garden.

In some areas, the plants are arranged as follows:

  1. Pumpkin, cucumbers, squash, zucchini, cabbage.
  2. Potatoes.
  3. Radish, beets, carrots, root parsley.
  4. Tomatoes, peppers, radishes, garlic, onions.

For the next planting year, swap them by moving them clockwise, and so every year.

You can draw up the landing patterns yourself, in accordance with the following table:

Culture Friends with ... Feuding with ...
Potatoes Peas, radish, beets, horseradish, eggplant, lettuce, dill, beans, corn, garlic, onion, parsley Cucumbers, tomatoes, fennel, celery
Tomato Cabbage, onions, asparagus, beans, mint Potatoes, cabbage, fennel, cucumbers, peppers
Eggplant Peas, beans, potatoes, legumes Fennel, onion, garlic
Cabbage Potatoes, onions, lettuce, beets, celery, dill Beans, tomatoes, fennel
Carrot Peas, onions, tomatoes, rosemary Celery, fennel
Cucumbers Peas, cabbage, beans, lettuce, dill Pepper, tomato
Beet Onions, cabbage Beans, mustard
Melon, pumpkin Corn, radish Potatoes
Peas Eggplant, radish, potatoes, carrots, cucumber, beans, corn Onion, garlic, tomato, fennel

Some vegetable crops are perennials. These include:

  • sorrel
  • rhubarb
  • tarragon
  • some varieties of onions
  • lovage
  • asparagus.

They can be planted separately in a designated area.

Often summer residents practice the method of small crop rotation, when several crops are grown in one place per season. This method is justified when there is little space allocated for the garden on the site. If there is enough space, then after collecting early ripening crops, it is better to plant siderates in their place.

On the slope

Plots on a slope are considered not very successful, although from the point of view of landscape designers this is just a godsend: the landscape changing in height looks attractive, and the created multi-level terraces make it possible to zone the garden space not only along the surface of the earth, but also in height.

However, an area with a slope has the following disadvantages:

  • the fertile layer is washed off
  • water is poorly retained
  • the wind dries the earth strongly.

Therefore, for a plot on a slope, it is necessary to provide for the device of terraces. This is a laborious event, but it cannot be otherwise.

Terraces can be dispensed with only when the slope of the site does not exceed 10%. In this case, the slope can be strengthened by planting plants with a highly branched root system on it:

  • broom
  • elder
  • barberry
  • quince
  • juniper
  • periwinkle.

Retaining walls, gabions or geonets can be used to create terraces. For a garden, high beds will be an excellent option on a plot with a slope.

Terracing formed on a site on a slope.

For safe movement around the site, steps must be provided. Such steps can be made of planks, concrete, paving slabs or simple logs. The width of the stairs should not be less than 60 cm. The steps should be interspersed with flat areas along the length. Benches and flower pots can be placed on the playgrounds. Backlit steps look very original.

Small garden 1–2 ares

The problem often arises: how to place all the necessary vegetables in a small area? Here are a few tricks that will save space in the garden.

  • Tight fit. To save space, you can make some plantings very close to each other: plant onions and garlic between the rows of strawberries, cabbage between the rows of potatoes, and tomatoes near the currants (it will be easy to tie up tomatoes and pests on currants will be less).
  • Put climbing plants on the trellis. Climbing plants such as cucumbers, pumpkins, melons, watermelons, peas take up a lot of space. It makes sense to make special trellises or pergolas for them. Then you can save space. When the fruits become heavy, they can be placed in a string bag suspended from a trellis.
  • Multi-tiered landings. The principle of such a garden is that the beds are arranged vertically. To do this, you can hang polyethylene bags from a vertical support and fill them with fertile soil, or use a hollow column, placed vertically and also filled with black soil, as a garden bed. It is convenient to grow strawberries and herbs in this way. Multi-tiered beds can be made by placing several wooden boxes on top of each other.

For a small vegetable garden, it will be appropriate to grow only rare plants. So carrots and beets can be bought in the store, since these vegetables are not expensive, and you can grow cherry tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants, asparagus and sweet potatoes in the garden.

A one hundred square meter garden, properly organized, will provide a family of four with all the necessary vegetables to eat in the summer and will allow you to make preparations for the winter.

Small vegetable garden 3-4 ares

A vegetable garden, laid out on 3-4 acres, is optimal for growing garden crops. On the one hand, there is enough space to grow all the necessary vegetables, and on the other, you don't have to work hard to process it.

The principle of breaking out such a garden is also based on the organization of the correct crop rotation. This means that the garden is divided into 4 sections and plantings on them alternate in a certain order.

Vegetable garden 20 ares in the village

A large plot of 20 acres, given for a vegetable garden, will require large resources in terms of care. Usually such a plot is cultivated by several families. It is also recommended to divide such a garden into several sections to ensure correct crop rotation.

If you have a large vegetable garden, part of it can be sown with siderates to give the soil a rest, and the next year you can grow vegetables on this part. Sow the same part on which vegetables grew with green manure.

English vegetable garden

The vegetable garden, which can be mistaken for a flower bed, is so decorative, borrowed from England and called English. In England, for a long time, small vegetable gardens have been set up at home, which look very beautiful and bring a large harvest. Most of the men are engaged in the gardening in England. They are very proud of their plantings. Such a garden is the owner's business card.

The beds in the English garden are not always rectangular. They can be in the form of a round flower bed, in the form of a spiral or any other shape. Vegetables are planted parallel to the edges and follow the shape of the garden bed. Garden crops can be combined with flowers, which gives the beds an elegant blooming look.

In the English garden, there is no symmetry that is characteristic of the French garden. The main thing here is to arrange the crops so that the garden looks like a flower bed.

And one more touch of the English garden - here a lot of attention is paid to paths. They are very wide and take up most of the site.

An example of the location of plants in an English garden.

A plan of a vegetable garden in the shape of a rectangle

A rectangular plot for a vegetable garden does not present any problem. It is enough to divide it into 4 zones and plant the plants according to the crop rotation given in the section "Vegetable planting scheme, crop rotation, description".

Rectangular vegetable garden.

If you are not satisfied with rectangular beds because of their boring shape, you can always arrange French or English garden beds on a rectangular area.

An example of the arrangement of plants in a French garden.

To make it very beautiful

To give the garden an attractive look, it is enough to follow the following rules taken from garden design:

  • For single landings, you should think about the design of the background. High crops are suitable for him: corn, amaranth, Jerusalem artichoke, spicy herbs.
  • To add volume and height to the garden, you can use pergolas and trellises for climbing plants such as cucumbers, beans, peas, pumpkin.
  • To add color to the garden, you can place nasturtium, calendula.
  • Marigolds, parsley, lettuce, radishes, carrots, basil will look good as a border for the garden.

Having broken a garden in the form of beds of a non-standard shape and decorating it with flowering plants, you can get a decorative corner of the garden.

According to Meathlider

A vegetable garden organized according to the Meatlider method takes up very little space and gives a good harvest. The method is based on the creation of narrow beds and balanced plant nutrition based on mineral fertilizers.

Before organizing a vegetable garden, dig it up thoroughly and free it from the roots of the weeds. It is necessary to fulfill 3 necessary conditions for obtaining a good harvest according to the Meatlider method:

  1. Strictly adhere to the recommended sizes of beds and aisles.
  2. Stick to a specific planting pattern.
  3. Observe the correct watering and feeding regime for garden crops.

We choose the width of the beds 45 cm, the length can be any. Along the edge of the bed we make small earthen mounds about 10 cm high.The width of the aisles should be 105 cm.

We plant seeds or seedlings along the sides in 2 rows. Before planting, we apply fertilizers to the ground: 100 g per running meter of a mixture consisting of 5 kg of dolomite flour and 40 g of boric acid, as well as macro and microelements. We carry out top dressing once a week with a mixture of macro and microelements. We do not loosen the beds so as not to damage the root system of the plants.

With a greenhouse

The presence of a greenhouse allows you to get a much earlier harvest of vegetables and extend the period of their consumption. The greenhouse protects vegetables from recurrent frosts, which often destroy heat-loving plants.

If you plan to install a greenhouse on the site, then you need to determine its place in advance, at the stage of planning the house and the barn. A sunny place that is well ventilated is chosen under the greenhouse.

How to achieve a beautiful planting of flowers in the country - tips and tricks

Your dacha is not only fresh fruits and vegetables, it is also a place of unity with nature and aesthetic contemplation. Achieve this effect by planting flowers.

To add aesthetics to the garden, you need to know how to beautifully plant flowers in the country. This article will help you learn this.

How to learn how to beautifully plant flowers in the country

For beginners who have never been planting flowers in the country and still doubt whether it is worth allocating a plot of land for a flower bed, we will give several arguments in favor of this idea:

  • above all, an aesthetic contribution. Flower beds are pleasing to the eye and ennoble the site.
  • camouflage function. Flowerbeds successfully hide areas of the garden that you would not want to leave in plain sight. And also eliminates noticeable irregularities in the surface of the site.
  • olfactory moment. The aroma that flowers exude has a beneficial effect on health.
  • practical result. By choosing special varieties, flowers improve the bud and increase its fertility. In addition, your flowers are always beautiful bouquets for a gift.

Abundant flowering in the flowerbed

Now that you are finally convinced that having your own flower bed brings some advantages, you need to choose the right place in the country for planting flowers. A beginner needs to know that it will not be possible to immediately decide on a place - it will take a lot of time.

To choose the right piece of land, you need to study in detail the terrain of the dacha during the year and establish which of the places are most illuminated and naturally have good moisture.

In addition, you need to know when the site is covered with shade, what is the acidity and organic composition of the soil, since on the basis of this information a decision should be made about the place and presence of plants in the future flower bed.

Experienced summer residents advise beginners to first choose a small area for flowers and plant it with those plants that do not fade in the bright sun, and at the same time feel good in the shade.

Among other things, the plants planted in the country ˗ is also a design element, so you do not need to hide them at the end of the plot or plant them behind large trees. Flowers should be visible from all points of the cottage. For example, they can be planted along the perimeter of the cottage fence or along the path.

If the dacha was built mainly for recreation, and not for growing vegetables and fruits, and the emphasis will be on beautifully planted flowers, then you can select the land right in the center of the site, having previously studied the weather conditions, as mentioned above.

So, planting flowers in the country is a responsible decision, especially if you want to get a beautiful result. If you take on this business, you need to seriously approach the implementation of the idea, choose the right place and successful flowers.

However, the main thing is to start. In fact, having your own flowers in the country is a wonderful idea and a kind of hobby, so feel free to start if your soul lies with earth and beauty.

I have a large garden and vegetable garden, several greenhouses. I love modern methods of plant cultivation and soil mulching, I share my experience.

Of course, you shouldn't hide flowers behind trees. But, if there are conifers on the site, then ground cover flowers can be planted under them. Those that are found in the forest are especially well suited, and for them such an environment as thick shade will be natural.

You can complement the design with large stones that are bought or brought from the forest. After they are laid out, you can give them a great decorative effect by treating them so that it seems that the stones have always lay exactly in this place.

For this, an aging procedure is used. It is necessary with the help of a sandpaper, as it were, to comb off the top layer and sprinkle it with wet soil. Moss may appear there after a while. Trees, flowers and decor can resemble a real forest with a little effort.

Basic rules for a beautiful planting of flowers

After the two main points described in the previous chapter, you need to learn another important rule for beautifully planting flowers in the country obligatory soil preparation before planting the land.

Flower garden of irises and lupines

Although this is the least creative and difficult process in growing flowers, it is the key to good flower bed prosperity. This is its foundation in the literal sense of the word.

Preparing the land should begin after you decide on the composition of the flower bed and the features of the flowers that will grow on it. Depending on the whims of the plant, the soil will be fertilized in different ways.

Or go from the opposite ˗ after studying the characteristics of the soil, pick up plants. For example, in shady areas with dry and loose soil, heucheras, lilies of the valley, primroses, irises, geraniums perfectly take root.

The immediate preparation of the soil begins with the removal of the old sod. Clear the soil from all weeds (uproot them), restore it: dilute clayey with sand.

Add clay or bentonite to soft soil. Then add compost to increase soil fertility. Next, mix well the clay, sand and compost, loosening the soil deeply.

After that, you can add special fertilizers and start planting seedlings. It should be taken into account that 1 m2 includes:

  • 10 pieces. ground cover plants
  • 8 pcs. undersized
  • 5 pieces. middle-sized
  • no more than 3 high.

Let's move on to some rules directly related to the design of flower beds.

When the flower area is on one side (in front of the wall of the house, fence, trees), you need to use the basic rule of composition, as in the photo - the highest in the back, the lowest in front.

Beautiful flowers for a flower bed

If the flowers are not located near a fence, wall or other fence, for example, among a lawn, the tallest are placed in the center of the flower bed.

And the lowest sit around. Tall plants should always be accompanied by smaller ones (medium-sized perennials), which go well with tall ones in color and shape.

One tip for color: the fiery yellow gelenium flowers are successfully combined over the bluish-black sage candles.

When selecting tall plants and accompanying pairs, repeat the selected groups, alternating with other possible options. Create a pattern or ornament in your composition.

If, after planting, there are still bare areas in the flower bed, you can fill them with special plants ˗ ground cover. If you keep the correct distance, in 2-3 years they will cover the floral area with a dense carpet.

Evergreen ground cover, for example, Aubriet or Waldsteinia, can be planted along the edges of the flower bed. These plants form a smooth transition from flower bed to garden, where there are no more flowers, and decorate with their leaves after flowering.

Compliance with the basic rules for decorating your flower bed ensures its long and successful flowering, which will favorably decorate your summer cottage.

I have a large garden and vegetable garden, several greenhouses. I love modern methods of plant cultivation and soil mulching, I share my experience.

We recommend choosing flowers so that they require relatively equal care. As well as similar soil composition and lighting requirements. If it is not possible to draw up a plan for the entire flower bed in this way, then you need to divide it into sectors.

The fact is that if you plant next to, for example, a flower that loves marsh and moist soil, and a plant that tolerates drought, but not stagnant moisture, then one of them will certainly die.

Do not jeopardize plant health for the sake of decorativeness. It's about growing plants very closely, so that voids that spoil the view are not formed.

Each flower should have enough space, light and nutrition, otherwise it will be stunted and will not add beauty to the flower bed. After all the selected specimens are planted, the remaining space can be filled with large stones, ferns, ornamental evergreens, depending on the theme of the flower bed.

Also, paths made of gravel and other decorative stones look good.

Sometimes, flower beds are arranged in such a way that the plants bloom in turn. If you like this option, then you should choose flowers with beautiful foliage. Then the flower garden will look good at any time.

Popular types and schemes of planting flowers in the country

For a beautiful planting of flowers in the country, many original types and patterns have been invented. After reviewing them, you can choose the one that will most harmoniously fit into the landscape design of your summer cottage.

Floral border. The name speaks for itself. Flowers are planted along the path. Shrubs or short flowers are usually chosen. Although you can give preference to tall plants ˗ depends on desire.

Rabatka. A strict rectangular flower bed, inside which flowers of approximately the same height are selected. You can move away from the principle of equality by planting taller flowers of a different shade. The original solution will be a small fountain inside the flower bed.

A flower bed is a monoflower. This type is chosen by beginners, since it implies flowers of only one species. Looks original and beautiful in a modern minimalist style.

Mixborder. Free form, a variety of flowers ˗ full flight of imagination. The most suitable option for a small summer cottage. The highlight of this species is the constant flowering of planted plants, which replace one another throughout the year.

Vertical flower bed. It is chosen by seasoned gardeners, but with a serious approach, you can achieve success, even if this is your first time doing it. Flowers in such a bed should be of the same height and bloom at the same time, and they are, as a rule, exotic (Alpine forget-me-not, viola and primrose). A chain-link and decorative stone are used in the design.

Water bed. A pond with water flowers, and ordinary flowering plants are planted around. It looks very nice and original.

Multilevel flower bed. It is quite difficult to build such a flower bed, but it is perfectly visible from any point of the summer cottage. Even the most elementary landings look spectacular and new.

Arabesque. A flower bed built in the shape of an animal. These are usually birds or butterflies.

Flower planting patterns in the country can be very different. At the moment, there are countless combinations of them, however, any scheme is based on three basic principles.

Central flower bed. A simple and straightforward scheme that involves landing in a circle. Dark-leaved plants are planted in the center (these can be cannes), and then gnafalium and snapdragon are planted along the circumference.

Fancy pattern. This flower bed is also circular, in the center of which bright perennial undulating plants like hamerops are planted, and against the background of coleus or dahlias. An interesting shape in begonia, which gives a peculiar grace.

Vienna flower. The planting of the flower bed is built in the form of a hexagon, in the center of which white levkoi are planted. Violas and forget-me-nots with primroses give shape to the figure.

Thus, there are many options and schemes for planting flowers in the country. It all depends on your imagination and the strength that you agree to spend on a flower garden.

Planting flowers in the country at different times of the year

You can plant flowers in the country at different times of the year, depending on when it is most convenient for the gardener. And also when he prefers to contemplate the finished result. Basically, beautiful planting of flowers in the country is done in spring and autumn.

We plant flowers in the country in spring

Beautiful bloom on the site

In order to plant flowers in spring, of course, you need to know which plants should be planted at this particular time of year. Annual plants are usually planted in the spring.

Already in March, you can start planting crocuses, snowdrops, hyacinths, forest trees. If you can't wait to see the result of the work done, you can plant annual flowers in pots at home, and then transplant them onto a plot of land.

The main thing is to wait for warm weather so that the night frosts do not kill the seedlings.

Among the annuals, vervains, dahlias, carnations and pansies are often preferred. Interesting flowers ˗ petunias. These plants have a varied palette, plus they will bloom all season.

You can also plant flowers in pots and pots, which will perfectly decorate the gazebo or veranda. For this option, fuchsias, begonias and other curly flowers will be a good choice.

We plant flowers in the country in the fall

In this cold season, it is most convenient to plant perennial flowers, because they will give stronger shoots than "one-year olds". Moreover, experienced summer residents recommend planting perennial plants in the fall.

Planting flowers in the country in the fall is suitable for those who are ready to wait for the result of their labors, ˗ plants will begin to bloom only a few years after planting. However, to speed up the process, you can choose special express varieties that will emerge in the first year.

Perennial flowers are planted at the end of October in the already cooled soil. The main thing is to compact the soil in order to save the crop from parasites. It is also important to cover the seedlings with a film from birds and autumn rain streams. After the germination of plants, the protective film is removed.

An example of autumn colors are:

  • rudbeckia
  • primrose
  • bell
  • spurge
  • delphinium
  • Gaillardia
  • alpine aster
  • aquilegia and others.

Both single and perennial flowers can be planted at the most suitable time of the year for you, but before planting, you should still familiarize yourself with the features of the selected plants and understand which of them are recommended by professional gardeners.

While watching the video, you will learn how to plant flowers in the country.

In the end, I would like to say that your flowers in the country are always beautiful, relevant and pleasant. But it is important to understand that flowers require attention and constant care.

The main thing is to take such an undertaking seriously, adhere to the recommendations described in the article, and then the plants will give you a wonderful aroma and fragrance, and will also deliver aesthetic pleasure and peace of mind for a long time and faithfully. Good luck!

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Placing plants on the site - layout of the garden and vegetable garden

What do you need to do in order to harvest a rich crop from your site every year? Is there enough fertile land, timely fertilization and treatment of plants from pests? It would seem that here they are - cherished hundreds, it is worth planting them and reap the result. But it’s not that simple. Conflicts exist not only among humans, but also among plants.

But we are not trees, we can move away from the opponent, but plants do not have such an opportunity. Therefore, before proceeding with planting, you should develop a plan for it. And in order to draw up a plan correctly, you need to have knowledge of what crops grew in the previous several years on each site, how fertile each site is, which plants can be planted together, and which are better to keep away from each other and other factors.

We plan a vegetable garden

To arrange a vegetable garden, you must choose an open area, since all vegetables love sunlight. In the area near the house, fence and other structures in partial shade, onions can be planted, it is the only one capable of growing in shade. But you should not count on a big harvest.

Be sure to consider the compatibility of vegetables. Families are friends of the celery family and the onion family. Cabbage will become a good neighbor for them, as well as potatoes, dill and salad.

Separately, potatoes go well with beans, corn, horseradish, onions, and cabbage.

Radish acquires an improved taste and becomes larger if adjacent to bush beans.

Tomatoes are combined with herbs, cabbage, asparagus and beans.

In principle, carrots are peaceful and can be combined with almost all crops, including peas.

In addition to carrots, peas are friends with cucumbers, potatoes, corn and radishes. And radish, in principle, has a good disposition, having a positive effect on other vegetables.

But cabbage with tomatoes and beans cannot boast of good neighborly relations.

Cucumber is not compatible with potatoes, potatoes with tomato and pumpkin, tomato with fennel.

Do not plant peas and beans next to onions and garlic, and radish next to hyssop.

Planning a garden

When planting garden trees, you have to use analytical thinking as much as possible, in particular the ability to plan for several years in advance. After all, a tree is not a potato - you cannot transplant it next year. Not only do you need to choose the right planting site for each tree. It is also necessary to calculate the planting of vegetables, flowers, bushes in relation to trees.

Vegetables and shrubs should never be planted near young trees. This may seem like a good solution at first, since this arrangement is a great space saver. But in a few years the trees will grow, and garden crops and berries will be in the shade.

Of course, vegetables can be planted in a new place every year, but this is if there is one. And not all shrubs will be happy with a quick change of residence. In general, when planning a garden, you should either immediately allocate space for each culture, or understand where it can be allocated in a few years.

Those who plan to grow strawberries, berry bushes, cherries and plums in the garden should be aware that each of these plants has its own ideal fruiting times in one place, and over time they will have to be transplanted.

With berry bushes, it's a little easier. With good care, they are capable of very long fruiting in one place. With regular pruning and spraying, plants can produce a good harvest for 10 to 15 years without changing their place of residence.

But strawberries in one place should not be grown for more than 3 years. Therefore, one of its beds should be freed every year for vegetables, and a vegetable bed for strawberries. In this case, it is immediately clear that it is more convenient to refer the strawberries to the garden, so that it is easier to change the ridges. In addition, it is better to plant strawberries in those places where snow lingers well in winter.

When planting shrubs, their preferences must be taken into account. Gooseberries and red currants like dry, well-lit areas, while black currants prefer wetter areas. Raspberries give many root branches, while sea buckthorn has long roots. These plants interfere with the development of others, so they are planted separately.

Tall trees and shrubs planted close to the boundary can shade adjacent areas, this, of course, is unacceptable. Only by respecting the rights of neighbors can one demand the same respect for oneself. Strong trees should be planted at a distance of two meters from the border, and medium-sized trees at least a meter. The distance between the border and the trees can be occupied by currant, raspberry and gooseberry bushes.

Tall trees should be planted deeper in order to get enough light for the house. And next to the housing to plant flowers, vegetables, herbs, strawberries, shrubs.

To take into account all the nuances when planting and transplanting plants, you need to know the data on which plants have grown in each of the sites over the previous 3-4 years. It will be useful to predict exactly how the plants will be transplanted not only in the current year, but also in the next few years.

In this regard, the computer makes life much easier. With the help of special programs, you can recreate the site plan to mark in what year and where certain crops grew.

For those who do not like this method, you can redraw the plan every year with a simple pencil and keep all the plans for the previous several years. True, this is not very convenient, you constantly have to erase the drawings and reapply.

To simplify this process, you can draw and cut out identical rectangles from a blank sheet, each of which will indicate a specific culture that the summer resident is going to plant, and try to put together a "puzzle" for future planting on last year's site plan.

The method is convenient in that you do not have to constantly erase and redraw the missing details, but you can easily correct omissions simply by moving the rectangle to a new place.

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What to plant in a cemetery?

Ground cover plants, decorative undersized shrubs, trees with a weeping crown shape, perennials, undersized varieties of fir, junipers, and thuja are planted in the cemetery. Ground cover plants grow rapidly, prevent weeds, are sufficiently drought-resistant and reproduce well. Periwinkle, creeping tenacious, saxifrage, forget-me-not, aquilegia, paparotnki, sedums are perfect.
Very often in cemeteries, the grave is in the shade of trees; hosts, low-growing conifers are suitable for planting in such places, various creeping junipers, up to 20cm highthat look decorative all season and cover the soil.
A large variety of dwarf pines is represented by undersized varieties, such as: mountain pine "Pug", mountain pine "Mugus", mountain pine "Gnome", blue spruce, juniper, thuja, differing in crown shape (creeping, pyramidal, conical, spherical), color and size. Coniferous plants are compact, great for planting in cemeteries, do not take up much space and are easy to care for.

What flowers to plant in a flower bed

Decorative and floral design of the garden

Of course, it is important what kind of flowers should be used to decorate the site. More on this below. But before that, you should think about HOW your flower garden will be served. In what design. There are, in fact, a lot of options. Consider these options:

  • It's no secret that the site looks rich and well-groomed thanks to the lawns. Perhaps the lawn is a classic and the basis of landscape design. If someone does not know, you can not only sow the lawn yourself, but also buy a ready-made roll lawn, which is rolled out on a leveled platform in front of the house.

  • Your site will be transformed if you correctly select decorative elements for the garden: figurines, marble flower pots next to the bench, the bench itself, solar-powered lanterns along the paths and a beautifully designed gazebo. Neat paths and sides will complement the perfect picture of your site.

  • As you can imagine, the flowers themselves can be planted not only on the ground. Flowerpots, old decorated bicycles with baskets at the helm, beautiful carts (country-style flower garden) and even old suitcases can be used to decorate the site. Fortunately, the imagination in this matter is not limited.You can try to come up with something of your own.

  • We should also mention the arches with climbing plants. It looks amazing and is not very difficult to execute. Such an arch, with proper use, can refresh your landscape design and delimit the space of the site.

So, at your disposal are flowerpots, country flower beds, arches with climbing plants, alpine slides and ordinary flower beds. As well as a lawn, decorative elements, bumpers, paths, benches and gazebos. In order for your landscape design to look perfect, you need to think carefully about everything in advance. Of course, you can turn to a professional landscape designer to save time and stress. But we think it's much more interesting to let your imagination run wild and do it yourself.

Choosing flowers

If you nevertheless decide to decorate the site with your own hands, among other things, you will have to choose which flowers to use in your flower beds. This is quite difficult to do, since the choice before you will be truly huge.

To make it easier for you, below are the types of plants that are most often used for landscape design.

  • Annual flowers are those that are sown outdoors in early summer, so that all three months until autumn enjoy their beautiful view. They are also called summer men, it's understandable why. You can organize good “flower hours” from summer houses so that your flower garden does not cease to delight you all the time until autumn. These are very bright, rather unpretentious plants. Among them there are also especially aromatic representatives: scented tobacco, stonemason and matthiola, for example.

  • Flowers are biennial - from the name it is clear that this type of flowers blooms for 2 seasons in a row. To achieve their full flowering, it is better to sow biennials in the second half of summer. Some of them will bloom in late autumn, but the next two seasons will be the brightest for your flower garden.

  • Perennial flowers - many gardeners love this particular type of flower. Of course, perennials have many advantages of their own. Agree, it's great - once planted, and then all that remains is to take care of them, and plant especially overgrown bushes. Plus, most of the perennials bloom earlier than annuals and bloom longer, until late autumn. In addition, the greens of many perennial flowers are quite aesthetic in themselves. Irises, peonies, perennial asters and chrysanthemums, even without blossoming buds, look very nice in the flower bed. By the way, perennials are resistant to cold weather, which is also important in our climate.

  • Bulbous - are considered one of the most beautiful flowers. They are also unpretentious to care for, like perennials and it is much easier to plant them. Bulbous flowers will delight you from early spring with their colors, but bulbous flowers have their own rather large drawback - they quickly fade and dry out. This disadvantage can be partially compensated for. Florists recommend planting bulbs next to perennials with lush greenery, which will “cover” the dried out disgrace by the beginning of summer.

  • Evergreens are the perfect solution for any site. With the help of decorative evergreens, you can perfectly disguise household objects, delimit the space on the site, or create an interesting composition on the flower garden. These plants include: traditional evergreen needles, rhododendrons, periwinkle, mahonia, privet and many others. You can even create sculptures from them, not to mention hedges or curbs. When creating a composition with these plants, remember that they will be visible even in winter.

  • Climbing plants are those without which it is difficult to imagine a cozy gazebo. Any gazebo will become more beautiful if it is entwined, for example, with ivy. Arches created with honeysuckle or girlish grapes will look amazing on your site! By the way, climbing plants can also be either annual or perennial. It is important for such plants to find the right "support". Bindweed, by the way, are also different from each other. Therefore, each type requires its own support. There are “climbing” ones (for example, girlish grapes, kampsis and ivy). This will be sufficient for rough walls or stepped protrusions in the wall of the building. There are clinging ones (Amur grapes, wild cucumber, sweet peas, or tladiant) who love trellises and wire supports. "Leaning" lianas (wisteria, honeysuckle, morning glory, hops or clematis) prefer special vertical structures: pergolas, trellises, hanging baskets or floor vases. And also this variety of plants includes a climbing rose, which needs not only support, but also additional fasteners.

  • Shrubs are essential plants for sophisticated landscape designs. These are fragrant rose bushes, lilacs, jasmine and many other plants. You can plant them anywhere, you do not need to take a special place. True, when planting, you need to take into account several rules: before planting, you need to dig holes (50-60 cm), add soil mixed with fertilizers there and wait a few months.

Let's make a conclusion. For your future landscape design project, you can choose any suitable plants, in your opinion. At your disposal are undersized biennial garden flowers, annuals and perennials, tall and not so, evergreens for the garden, climbing (climbing) plants and shrubs for hedges. It all depends on your preference.

Important: know what to combine with what, how to care for these plants and have an idea of ​​the basics of composition.

Watch the video: 42+ Ideas To Adorn A Front Yard With Colorful Flower Beds. Garden Design

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