What to do in the country in November in order to be in time before the frost

By November, a real summer resident no longer has so much energy left, but there is always work in the garden and vegetable garden. No matter how sad it is in this sad time, it is imperative to complete all important things in the country in order to qualitatively prepare the site for wintering.

How to plan November work in the country

The list of the most important works in November depends on what the site is occupied with: a garden, a vegetable garden, a flower garden or just a lawn. In most cases, we try to have little by little, and therefore there are plenty of things to do. As a rule, by November, the entire crop has been harvested (at this time, the last heads of cabbage, as well as rowan with viburnum are being removed), the containers are freed from water (if not, we urgently drain the water until they are torn apart by frost).

Fertilization and watering

In early November, in most regions, the soil has not yet frozen, fruit trees and shrubs can be fed. At this time, they need all the elements except nitrogen. Under each adult apple or pear, 5–8 buckets of humus, up to 300 g of superphosphate and a little less potassium sulfate are buried to a depth of 25 cm, distributing along the trunk circle. Plums or cherries require 1.5-2 times less fertilization.

Immediately after feeding, water-charging irrigation is carried out, spending at least 10 buckets of water per tree (the task is to wet the soil to a depth of up to a meter). They do the same with shrubs, adding 1-1.5 buckets of humus and a handful of superphosphate and potassium sulfate under each currant or gooseberry bush.

Before winter, trees are watered slowly so that the soil has time to soak to a considerable depth.

Whitewashing trees, protecting them from rodents

Fruit trees are often whitened by inexperienced gardeners in the spring, which makes sense only from an aesthetic point of view. Whitewashing should protect the trunks and skeletal branches from sunburn at the end of winter and early spring, and therefore it is carried out before winter. Before the operation, the trunks are cleaned from the lagging bark and sprayed with a 3% solution of copper sulfate.

When whitewashing, the bases of the skeletal branches must also be captured: as far as the hand can reach

Then the trunks of adult trees to a height of 1 m are tied with coniferous spruce branches from rodents.

It is more convenient to protect young seedlings with nylon tights.

After whitewashing and strapping, the trunks are finally cleaned of debris. If possible, mulch them with peat up to 10 cm thick. Mulching the soil in a raspberry-bush with humus is mandatory.

Shelter for the winter

Strawberries and wild strawberries are covered with coniferous spruce branches. In cold climates, young plantings of berry bushes and perennial flowers must be insulated (which is convenient to do with a spunbond). In all but the southernmost regions, grapes are removed from the trellises and covered. Before that, carefully cut it off and spray it with a 1-2% solution of ferrous sulfate (if not done in October). All shelter operations are performed just before the frosts: damping off plants is more dangerous than freezing.

In a shelter for the winter, both natural materials and modern nonwovens are good

Winter sowing

Before the very frosts, while the soil still allows, the sowing of cold-resistant crops is carried out in a pre-prepared garden bed: carrots, parsley, dill, onions, some annual flowers (marigolds, eschsholzia, cosme, etc.). Autumn sowing is carried out twice as thick as spring sowing.

Work with soil

Many summer residents doubt the need for the autumn digging of the site. But still, traditionally, the majority prefers to dig up the ground with the simultaneous application of fertilizers: after all, in spring there is too little time for this! But the holes for the spring planting of trees and shrubs can still be prepared in November, if they have not been dug earlier.

It makes sense in November to collect a couple of buckets of soil for seedlings: despite the fact that taking soil from the garden is not the best way out, you have to remember about the high cost of potting mixes in stores and compose them yourself.

Do not forget about the need to shovel the compost heap for the winter.

To make the compost mature faster, it is worth stirring it well for the winter.

Cleaning of inventory

In order for the shovels-rake to be in order in the spring, they must be cleaned in November, and what is necessary - lubricated and sharpened, and then put back in place. If the farm has tools that run on gasoline or diesel fuel, the fuel must be drained. At the same time, it makes sense to buy what is missing.

Layout of baits

Do not forget about rodents: if the trees are sheltered from them, then things in the garden house are not. Therefore, in several places on the floor, it is necessary to spread poisoned baits for mice, so as not to throw away furniture and things damaged by them in the spring. In the trade, you can choose treats for mice "for every taste."

If there is no one in the country in winter, you can choose almost any remedy for mice and not be afraid of its toxicity to people

Harvesting cuttings

Cuttings of grapes for winter growing of seedlings are traditionally cut before the shelter of the vine. On the last visit to the dacha, you can also prepare cuttings of fruit trees for spring grafting: by mid-November they are already ripe, and the trees have passed into a state of relative dormancy. It is better to keep the cuttings in the cellar than to hope to harvest them in the winter.

In winter, not all summer residents visit their plots, and the last work in the season falls on November. It’s not so cozy in the yard, the days are short, so this work must be planned in advance in order to have time to complete everything.

Ideas for summer cottages and gardens

Your geographic location determines which apple trees you can grow in the garden, the rootstocks you should use, and the varieties you prefer.

Soils are dynamic and diverse natural systems that sit at the intersection of earth, air, water and life. Improvement of old soil and its rational use is one of the major problems, p.

Hydrangeas are flowering shrubs with bright, memorable flowering. Hydrangeas bloom in late summer - autumn, decorating the garden until late autumn, and sometimes in winter!

Beans are very easy to grow. Most often, it is grown by direct sowing in the ground in the third decade of May. But, if you want to get the first crop of beans at the end of June, then you can grow it.

Pepper, along with tomatoes and eggplants, very confidently holds the palm in the seedlings of every summer resident. To get the most out of your seedlings, choose.

The world selection of garden strawberries, or in a simple way - strawberries, has over two thousand varieties. In our review, tasty, healthy remontant varieties capable of producing several harvest waves.

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Kohlrabi is a cabbage with an edible ball-shaped stem that forms above the ground. In terms of the content of vitamins (B, B2, B6, PP), it surpasses white cabbage, and in terms of quantity ...

Some summer residents prefer to buy ready-made seedlings, and brisk trade began long ago: according to Avito, this year Russians were 38% more interested in ready-made seedlings than last year.

The most important work in the garden in October

Root crops of celery, parsley, parsnips, turnips, radishes, radishes, carrots continue to be poured in the beds, pumpkin ripens. All these crops must be removed in October, before the onset of severe frosts, from -5oC. But the late cabbage is harvested after small night frosts, after October 15-20. She will only be softer and sweeter from this. Harvesting should be done in dry weather to keep the vegetables better.

If space permits on the windowsills, then, by all means, dig up the cuttings of parsley, sorrel, mint, lemon balm, basil and transplant them into pots for further distillation of greens. Treat yourself and your loved ones with fresh vitamins and aromatic tea in late autumn and winter.

Collect fresh land in a meadow or forest for growing, replanting seedlings and indoor plants. Sift it and leave it in a garden house, greenhouse, where it will freeze to exclude pests and worms. Such soil will be an excellent addition to store-bought peat mixtures. Just do not take soil under conifers, oak.

We put things in order in the beds

All plant residues, weeds, especially those affected by diseases, must either be transferred to a compost heap and covered with a layer of earth, or they must be used to form warm beds. Some summer residents sprinkle them with lime.

Under all garden perennial crops, and this is the majority of medicinal plants (thyme, sage, monarda, lavender, etc.), humus, compost, which will be both food and mulch, is added.

In October, in most regions of Russia, winter garlic and onion sets are planted on turnips and greens. Previously, a few weeks before planting, the beds are prepared and fertilized with fertilizers so that the soil ripens and settles without deeply drawing the bulbs. At the same time, beds are formed for winter crops of carrots, lettuce, parsley, spinach, beets, dill. Sowing of these crops will be later, in November.

Progress report and plans for the next season

In hot pursuit, it is worth analyzing the successes and mistakes of the past garden season, what worked and what did not work out. Perhaps more attention should be paid to agricultural cultivation techniques, to get a theoretical shoe during the winter months, to listen to the advice of experienced farmers. Sketch out a preliminary planting plan for the new season, taking into account the crop rotation. And, of course, you must definitely praise yourself for the crop grown in such a difficult season, because your crop is the best!

Let the strawberry-strawberry aroma soar, and the flowers delight the eyes

If the summer cottage is run so that there are only tall grass and thistles of vegetation on it, then you should not despair. To help the summer resident - a mower. In the event that no light has yet been applied to the site, its gasoline version will help out. Electric will help where there is electricity.

Put the grass without seeds in the compost, burn the flowering specimens, and use the ash as fertilizer. The site has changed. Smoothly cut grass extends into a green carpet, bushes and trees act as a vertical element of the dacha decor. It remains to add a few bright spots. The columbarium will help with this.

Use a shovel to dig up a round piece of earth with a diameter of 1-1.5 meters. All roots must be carefully selected, and the soil must be additionally loosened with a rake. It remains to plant flowers and admire the well-groomed area.

Plant a strawberry mustache, strawberry seedlings in the second same flowerbed or garden bed in the fall. Then the first harvest can be harvested in the spring. Gradually, other areas are reclaimed from the grass. They are dug up, spices and vegetables are planted.

One corner of the dacha is made a resting place. They put chairs, a table, a deck chair, a pool, a swing there. Now you can enjoy a full-fledged summer vacation and admire the fruits of your labor!

2019 Monthly Gardening Plan

Therefore, each month of the year should mark certain stages of garden maintenance. In order not to burden oneself with unnecessary details, any gardener needs to thoroughly familiarize himself with all the work that should be done on a monthly basis, and based on the analyzed information, make his own calendar that can significantly facilitate their implementation. To know how to draw up a plan for gardening for the next year, we offer you a step-by-step and monthly list of responsible and well-analyzed actions for review, which can be found below.

January garden work

With the onset of the cold weather in January, the plants that are in the summer cottage are in dire need of constant care. During this period, the root system and bark of trees are especially vulnerable. The gardener should study well not only the general condition of the inhabitants of the garden and vegetable garden, but also pay attention to such nuances as:

  • Ambient temperature
  • Presence or absence of precipitation (snow, rain)
  • The amount of snowfall (if any)
  • The presence of remnants of mummified fruits on plants (trees, bushes) after the harvest season
  • The presence of birds and rodents, etc.

Based on all the above factors, the gardener can make a certain analysis of the condition of the plants and the degree of their need for a certain type of care. For example, at a time when the temperature regime on the street cannot please with its stability, and there is a dense layer of snow on the branches of plants, it is necessary to immediately chicken out, as much as possible, the white cover. Otherwise, with a sharp temperature drop, the snow can turn into thorny ice, thereby damaging the outer shell of trees or bushes.

It is equally important in January to trample well the fallen snow around tree trunks. This will provide a good shelter for the root system from unstable weather and the influence of certain types of pests and diseases. If snow has fallen, but its amount is completely insufficient to make a snow fence for the trunks, then gardeners resort to a certain trick, raking up all the "reserves" from the paths and the site for the place of its future location.

Gardeners also need to pay attention to the condition of the plant bark. Very often, due to severe frost, it cracks, thereby creating a fertile soil for the spread of bacteria and harmful microorganisms. In order to determine whether there is damage or not, you need to gently knock on the tree trunk several times in different places with a wooden peg. A deaf and empty sound indicates that there is a problem that needs to be urgently addressed.

On a day when it will be especially warm and cloudless, it is necessary to carefully clean the surface of the plant and apply a gauze bandage, well-treated with garden varnish. To protect the damaged plant as much as possible, the treatment site should be covered with burlap with a plastic wrap applied over it. Such a compress should remain until spring, and after the onset of stable warm weather, it can be removed.

As mentioned above, such an option is possible when not fallen or unharvested fruits remained on the tops of the garden inhabitants. Over time, they lose their original appearance and become like mummies. These residues become a bait for pest birds, and can also spread dangerous bacteria and infections that are extremely undesirable for the life of plants in the future. They must be carefully collected (chickened out) and immediately burned.

January is not as full of gardening work as many other months, but a responsible owner in this cold period can already start thinking about future seedlings.

At this moment, seeds of vegetables and flowers are selected, the soil is prepared for seedlings, which, by the way, must be thoroughly frozen after purchase. Also, it is in January that you can take time to draw up a plan for all other months. This does not require a lot of effort or money. It is enough just to take a regular notebook or a notebook, convenient for writing, and distribute the works described below by months.

Gardening in February

Given that February is a month of weather surprises and unexpected events, gardening this month can be either too easy or too difficult.Unfortunately, in the case of the middle of the first quarter of the year, there is simply no golden mean in gardening. But what should be done in February? Here are some tips to make gardening easier:

  • Refresh the autumn whitewash. This action should be performed only when there is a need for it and is facilitated by a stable temperature of at least +5 degrees. Whitewashing can not only prevent the influence of pests and various pathogenic bacteria, but also prevent burns and frost cracks.
  • Continue collecting and compacting snow around vulnerable plants.
  • Treat the tree crowns with a lime solution, which is prepared in a proportion of 200 g of powder per 10 liters of water. It will help maintain positive stability from a sharp drop in temperature, which has an extremely negative effect on the general state of tree development.
  • Carry out additional pruning of the apple or pear tree. But this process should not be implemented if the thermometer at the time of the proposed procedure drops below four degrees.

However, February is the period when you can safely start grafting plants. Most often, these are pome crops. If you have not previously taken care of harvesting grafts and rootstocks in the fall, then you can carefully do this now, in your own garden, but again, do not forget that the temperature should be above zero.

Another activity that can and should be implemented in February is rodent control. Install traps or baits that are necessary and suitable in all respects, and you will not encounter massive reproduction of fluffy pests, as well as the negative consequences of their active life.

Remember to keep track of the amount of snow on the branches and trunks of the plants. So that they do not break or become heavier, it is necessary to continue to systematically remove snow from their surface.

Gardening processes in March

Usually the garden meets the March sun well enough. Overwintered plants are gradually saturated with gentle and subtle warmth, but become too vulnerable, because, despite the fact that this is the spring month, its behavior is completely unpredictable.

It is from this moment that continuous and rather active work on caring for plants and the condition of the soil begins in the garden of any owner. The first thing that requires the intervention of a gardener is pruning branches and processing the trunks. To implement this action, you just need to acquire patience and the necessary consumables, that is, a ladder, pruning shears, knives and, of course, a garden pitch.

Pay attention not only to dry branches, but also to those that clearly look unhealthy. Check them for frost damage, and if the plant is severely frost-damaged, also prune the frostbite.

After the procedure, do not forget to process fresh cuts with garden pitch in order to protect the tree from the harmful effects of pathogenic bacteria.

If there are wounds or traces of damage on the surface of garden vegetation, they must be treated with copper sulfate, a solution from which is prepared in a ratio of 60 g of the product to 2 liters of water. After this event, the treated area must be covered with a special paste or the same garden pitch.

On a warm March day, you can also start breeding berry bushes. So, for example, you can pay attention to pruning strong currant shoots, and then place them in a vessel with settled water.

Now it's just a small matter - to wait for the formation of the root system. Another object of preparation is the seeds of berry crops that have been stratified. Now they can already be sent to a cool place and wait several weeks for them to freeze.

An important process during the March garden work is considered to be the treatment of plants from various pests. To carry it out, it is necessary to familiarize oneself with the characteristics and needs of trees and bushes, as well as their resistance to diseases and insects.

The end of the month heralds the beginning of a new stage - thorough preparation for the warm season, which carries a huge physical load, but gives a decent harvest.

What to do in the garden in April

As already mentioned, April is a month of intense work after a phlegmatic winter period. The list of gardening work this month is quite large and requires a significant investment of time. In April, the following works are carried out:

  • Deep and intensive digging of the soil is carried out. During this event, special attention should be paid to the state of soil moisture. Melt water tends to stagnate, so the gardener needs to be given the opportunity to leave without hindrance. To do this, you just need to prepare small grooves.
  • They feed the soil. In order not to do several of the same things and not to burden yourself with an already huge number of garden procedures, feeding is done simultaneously with digging. For its implementation, you can use organic, potash, phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers.
  • Sanitary cleaning of the garden is carried out. This means that gardeners remove all the garbage that has accumulated over the winter.
  • The trunks are freed from the strapping, and the bark of the trees is cleared of dead areas.
  • Berry crops that were previously prepared for planting are planted.
  • Shrubs are opened and the space around the trees is cleared of covering materials.
  • They loosen the ground and treat the plants from possible pests. This stage is especially important, because for its implementation it is necessary to study well all existing drugs and ways to deal with unwanted guests. You can fight them through the use of physical force. No, no, you won't have to fight insects. This means that you can shake trees and bushes well, shaking off their inhabitants thereby.
  • Fruit seedlings are prepared and directly planted in open ground.

To help the summer resident

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The work plan of the gardener and the gardener for October

The next work plan of the gardener and the gardener for October will help you prepare the garden and vegetable garden for winter and begin to end the summer cottage season.

In October, we are finishing work on planting bulbs, preparing a fruit and berry garden and ornamental perennials for winter, collecting and storing the remaining harvest of vegetables and fruits.

In October, there are still unstable subzero temperatures, and chrysanthemums and roses can bloom in the garden. The leaves on the trees turn yellow and fall off only by the end of the month. Therefore, we are guided by weather conditions and carry out the following work.

Horticultural crops

It is difficult to imagine a summer cottage without bushes of juicy berries. Black, white and red currants can perfectly fit around the perimeter of the estate. Perhaps these are the most popular fruiting shrubs. Of the simple and accessible crops even to an inexperienced gardener, honeysuckle, gooseberries and barberry can be distinguished. Raspberries are more demanding in care.

Completely unpretentious: ranetka, cherry and garden apple tree. If the climatic zone permits, you can plant plum, cherry, apricot or even grape trees, in addition to juicy bunches, in the fall the vine gives excellent protection from the summer sun.

When choosing flowers for flower beds, try to plant them so that the flower garden smells fragrant all year round. And the free space can be sown with decorative or lawn grass.

Summer is the time for vegetables and fruits, and what could be more pleasant and delicious than fresh cucumber and sweet berries grown on your site?

What crops have you chosen for your summer residence? Let us know in the comments.

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