Summer dressing of garlic is the final and last before harvesting. The size of the formed garlic heads will directly depend on the qualitative composition of fertilizers and their competent application.
In the middle of summer, the development of the ground part of the garlic stops and the underground organ begins to actively form - the bulb, in which nutrients accumulate. During this period, plants need fertilizers with a high content of potassium and phosphorus, since these elements have a positive effect on the growth of garlic heads and their ripening..
By the beginning of July, the ground part of the garlic ceases to grow and a bulb is formed.
It is not recommended to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers in the summer months, because this will cause unnecessary growth of the green mass and inhibit the development of the bulb.
Spring garlic, which is planted in spring, can be fed throughout July. The winter vegetable, which was planted in the fall, ripens a little earlier, so its final feeding is carried out at the end of June or in the beginning of July.
You can use any of the following potash-phosphorus formulations:
During the ripening period of the heads of garlic, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are needed.
Potassium sulfate and superphosphate are used together
The granules are preliminarily diluted in water, the garlic beds are watered with the prepared solution. An extract is first prepared from superphosphate (crushed and poured for 24 hours with a small amount of hot water), then diluted.
Mineral fertilizers are dissolved in water and applied in liquid form
Garlic does not tolerate chlorine, so it is better to refrain from using chlorine-containing substances (potassium chloride).
Adherents of organic farming can use traditional organic fertilizers:
Ash is considered the best organic fertilizer for garlic
In summer, garlic is fertilized only with well-rotted manure, by no means fresh
In July, garlic can be fed with humic fertilizers.
Mullein and chicken droppings are not suitable for feeding garlic during bulb growth, as these fertilizers contain a large amount of nitrogen.
It is believed that organic matter is more fully and better absorbed by plants, prevents the formation of nitrate compounds and does not oxidize the soil.
Herbal infusions are a safe bet for feeding garlic. I usually collect all weeds, grass cuttings, vegetable tops and other plant debris in a large vat. I fill it by about 2/3 of its volume, fill it with lukewarm water and insist for 2-3 weeks, covering it with a lid. Before use, the working solution must be diluted with 10 parts of water. But since there is also nitrogen here, then 1 m2 I pour out no more than 2-3 liters.
Some gardeners trust the old folk recipes for feeding garlic in the summer more:
Hydrogen peroxide supplies oxygen to garlic and fights disease
Yeast feeding will ensure rapid growth of the root system of garlic
The use of ammonia for feeding garlic during the ripening period of the bulbs is not very desirable, since this drug is rich in nitrogen compounds.
In stores for gardeners and gardeners, you can find specialized formulations for feeding garlic:
These preparations are very convenient to use, since they have a balanced composition that is optimal for feeding garlic. They are used in concentration and quantities strictly according to the instructions on the package.
Photo gallery: complex dressings for garlic
Top dressing of garlic in July can be applied in two ways:
Foliar dressing allows you to quickly meet the deficiency of essential substances through the leaves. Nutrients are absorbed much more actively by the plant through the ground green part than through the root system.
Almost all fertilizers can be applied foliarly on the leaves, only in a lower concentration
Spraying on the leaves is best done on a dry, calm and cloudy day. On sunny days, it is best to do this early in the morning before sunrise or in the evening after sunset.
Competent and timely application of garlic dressings in the summer will allow you to get a good harvest of large and healthy bulbs of this extremely healthy spicy vegetable.
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First you need to choose a place where you will grow this crop. This must be done in the fall. When solving this issue, it should be borne in mind that the onion will grow very slowly if, before it, cucumbers, carrots or garlic "lived" in the garden. It is much better to give preference to the land on which tomatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, peas or potatoes were planted.
In addition, it must be remembered that the onion is very fond of sunlight. In the shade, the bulbs may not form at all, and the feather will stretch up for a long time, and then quickly fall. The onion site should be moderately moist. This culture is not very fond of water, but in hot and dry summers it will have to be watered regularly.
Most often, planting onions on a head in the spring is done in late April - early May. Many gardeners are guided by the beginning of flowering bird cherry. In any case, to get a good harvest, it is necessary to plant a vegetable when a stable warm air temperature has already been established on the street, and the soil warms up well enough.
Often, summer residents are interested in whether it is possible to plant onions in the summer, for example, in July. Indeed, you can plant this vegetable almost at any time and on any soil, but only if your goal is to get a harvest of fresh herbs. The choice of time for planting onions on the head should be taken very carefully. After all, if you plant this culture in the ground too early, when it does not have time to warm up to at least 12-14 degrees, the whole bow can go to the arrow. If you wait until the summer heat, the bulbs will develop much more slowly and you will not be able to get a rich harvest.
Cucumbers are very moody plants. They always need fertile land that will be well fertilized. The main fertilizer for cucumbers is nitrogen along with organic and mineral substances. It is best to use natural fertilizers for these crops. They do not carry any harm, do not contain harmful chemicals, and are the cheapest and most practical for economical gardeners. Cucumbers love ash, since it contains all the necessary substances for their fruiting.
Ash for cucumbers is extremely useful, as it is a product of burning plant residues. It contains a lot of potassium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, calcium. All of these minerals have a beneficial effect on cucumbers. Their use is useful for the growth and development of the stem, foliage, root system.
Many summer residents try to water the cucumbers with ash, and this helps to get rid of fungal diseases, as well as many pests. It is possible to water cucumbers with ashes at all stages of growth, from planting seedlings to fruiting. It is necessary to figure out how to use this fertilizer correctly so as not to make mistakes.
To obtain a rich harvest of onions, it is necessary to choose the right seed, find a good place to grow, plant and provide the crop with proper care. Fertilization is an important and indispensable point of care. Top dressing of onions in the open field depends on the time of year, the type of plant, and some other factors. There are many subtleties and tricks here, which can be found below in the article.
In spring, onions need nitrogen most of all., in any case, in early spring, when the green mass is growing. Therefore, first of all, any mineral and organic substances containing an abundance of nitrogen will be useful at this time. This category includes: sodium nitrate, urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, poultry manure.
- For onion feeding to be effective, it must be carried out after rain or watering.
Use such fertilizers according to the instructions or recipes, which will be described in the following paragraphs. During this period, you can also mix phosphorus into fertilizers, but only in small quantities, therefore complex mineral fertilizers are used extremely rarely.
Starting from late spring and throughout the summer, potash and phosphorus fertilizers are applied under the onions. Nitrogen is needed only on condition that onions are grown for feathers - it will stimulate the growth of green mass. If you need to grow a turnip, then nitrogen can harm rather than help.
Potassium is very important during onion head formation, and phosphorus is essential for active plant growth and increasing resistance to various diseases. Fertilizers with these substances are used for fertilization. It can be minerals, complex fertilizers, organic matter (humus, wood ash), herbal infusions.
If you plan to plant onions again next year, you need to prepare the soil in the fall. The earth is dug onto a full bayonet of a shovel and fresh manure is introduced into it (5 kg per square meter). Chicken droppings can be used as an alternative. It is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and the dug earth is watered. Of the minerals, it does not hurt to add 20-30 g of carbamide and superphosphate to the manure.
To select the right fertilizer, it is important to take into account not only the feeding time, but also the type of crop. Onions grown for turnip production need special care. Here it is important not only the abundance of space for the development of root crops or loose soil, watering, but also feeding. They are carried out on average 3 times.
- If the onion is grown to get the head, then the yellowing of the tops in the last period of ripening of the crop is a normal process and no additional feeding is needed here!
It is extremely important to use well-fertilized soils for planting such onions. Of the fertilizers for the development of turnip, minerals (including ready-made fertilizer "Agricola-2") or organic matter are well suited, sometimes they are mixed together. Among the most common substances: mullein, chicken droppings, wood ash.
In order for the seed to grow quickly, you need to take care of the correct fertilizers. The first dressing of onions in the open field is done before planting the sevka - in the fall. The soil is fertilized with manure or humus with minerals. During planting, you can add a tablespoon of urea and 2 tablespoons of superphosphate to each square of plantings so that the bulbs take root faster.
- Do not add fresh manure under the onion. This can cause burns or spoil the taste of the final product.
After the culture begins to grow, it is fed 2-3 times as needed, as described in the previous paragraph.
The land for growing onions for feathers is fed before planting and during the growth of the crop. It is important to note that it is best to use organic matter or folk recipes for the development of green mass. Minerals have less of a beneficial effect.
You can use mullein infusion, ammonia, bird droppings, herbal infusions, etc. The amount of dressings depends on the fertility of the soil and how the culture grows. If greens inhibit development, you need to feed them. But on average, green onions are fed about 2-3 times per season.
Folk dressing recipes are usually used for onions that are grown on feathers.... Since greens are consumed immediately, not everyone decides to fertilize the culture with chemicals, and there will be no harm from folk substances.
- It is recommended to alternate the introduction of mullein infusion with watering with an ash solution.
- In addition to being considered a very useful fertilizer, wood ash also repels many pests and prevents the development of diseases.
The book of folk recipes includes another unusual method of feeding a healthy crop. Ammonia contains a lot of nitrogen and also repels most pests that love onions. This remedy is used only when the onion has an acute nitrogen deficiency - the feathers turn yellow quickly and for no reason. For 3 tablespoons of ammonia, take 10 liters of water and mix well. The resulting composition is poured over the onion at the root.
It is important to note that such a remedy is best prepared in a respiratory mask, because ammonia has a pungent odor. It is recommended to use such a solution in the evening, therefore it is prepared in the evening, because after preparation, the nitrogen gradually begins to evaporate.
Mineral fertilizers can be used to feed onions from the moment of germination, but only accurately observing the concentration. Among the popular mineral preparations are: ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, urea, potassium sulfate, sodium, calcium and potassium nitrate, ammophos, nitroammofoska, potassium chloride, ammonium sulfate, etc. Some, solutions of mineral fertilizers can be studied below.
- Many mineral fertilizers acidify the soil, therefore, with their regular use, it is necessary to lower the acidity of the soil from time to time.
Urea is a mineral fertilizer known to almost any gardener, even a beginner. Urea helps many plants. It is usually used in the first growing season, when the plant grows green mass. In the case of a bow, it will also be very useful, but only if used correctly.
These onion dressings are very useful as the first ones when the green mass is just beginning to form.
By adhering to simple rules for feeding onions, you can get a large harvest. The main thing is only to apply fertilizers on time for this or that type of onion, and also to use solutions in the correct concentration, regardless of whether they are organic or mineral.
Nitrogen and phosphorus mineral fertilizers can be not only "chemical" (ammonium nitrate, urea, ammophos, superphosphate), but also produced from natural products, ie, be mineral-organic.
Organic mineral supplements include:
The practice of feeding gooseberries shows that at the same time, organic and mineral fertilizers should be applied strictly in accordance with the recommendations in the instructions. There are a number of substances that are not compatible with each other. As a result, chemical reactions can begin, rendering the fertilizer unusable.
| View |
|Ammonium nitrate||Urea |
|Ammonium sulfate||Sodium nitrate||Calcium nitrate||Superphosphate |
|Potassium chloride||Potassium sulphate||Manure |
The use of mineral fertilizers for feeding healthy plants is dictated by the requirements of competently conducted agricultural technology. But sometimes, with insufficient care for the bushes, symptoms of a lack of certain nutrients appear on them. It is easy to determine by the following criteria:
In this case, the complex compositions Mikrovit and Cytovit are used, which contain the substances necessary for plant nutrition in a chelated form and have some features:
The nutritional requirements for plants of different ages are different. Young bushes (up to three years old) need less nutrients than those entering fruiting (4–6 years old) and fruiting plants (from seven years old). With the transition from one growth phase to the next, the amount of fertilizer for feeding doubles.
Wood ash is a very valuable and useful for plants mineral and organic fertilizer. This product is obtained as a result of burning woody plant residues after pruning trees and shrubs, cleaning the garden. Especially good quality ash is formed when burning waste from fruit trees, fruit bushes and vines.
The fertilizer has a fragmented structure (pieces of charcoal) and powdery (ash ash), it contains salts of potassium, sulfur, phosphorus, zinc in a form convenient for plants to assimilate. Thanks to the use of this top dressing, the taste and size of gooseberries are improved, and the resistance of plants to fungal diseases and pests is increased. Fertilizer, when applied to the soil, improves its quality characteristics, reducing the acidity of the soil and increasing its air permeability. For this reason, the use of ash is very effective on heavy, dense soils.
As a top dressing, wood ash is used:
It is useful to combine watering the gooseberry with ash infusion with the usual moistening. There are various ways to prepare wood ash infusions:
To fertilize gooseberries, along with ready-made mineral products, environmentally friendly "folk" dressings are often used:
For full growth and development, obtaining stable, regular harvests, gooseberries need very little: caring care, regular watering and feeding, disease control. The gardener will see the result of his labors on his garden plot - the spring fragrance of flowers, lush green shoots in summer and bushes strewn with tasty, ripe fruits in autumn.
The goal of any gardener when growing tomatoes is to obtain a high yield of varietal fruits with excellent taste and marketability.
The desired result can be achieved only if balanced fertilizing is introduced into the soil in a timely manner.
For growth and development, maintaining a healthy state and, as a result, high yields, this crop needs good nutrition.
Any plant, including a tomato, at different stages of development, consumes nutrients in different quantities. For example, an actively growing tomato needs an increased amount of nitrogen, and in the budding and fruiting phase, a constant supply of potassium.
Only with an accurate knowledge of the needs of the culture at a certain period of development, it is possible to make a balanced top dressing
, which will not harm the bushes, but, on the contrary, will provide them with the necessary nutrition.
All feeding of tomatoes should be carried out in a strictly defined order.
Randomly introducing a particular substance under the bushes can provoke its excess or deficiency.
Since orderliness during fertilization is very important, there is a special scheme for feeding tomatoes. In general, it represents five main stages, inextricably linked with the stages of development of tomatoes.
When planting in the ground
By the time the tomatoes are planted, the planting site must be prepared and filled with organic and mineral fertilizers. It is impossible to achieve high yields of this crop on poor and depleted lands.
For good survival and further development of tomatoes, the NKP complex - nitrogen-, potassium- and phosphorus-containing fertilizers should be introduced into the soil
... If the enrichment of the soil composition is neglected, the seedlings will develop slowly, they may start to hurt, and give low yields.
Two weeks after planting
During this period, young tomato bushes, already adapted to new conditions, need increased nutrition for growth and development. They need a balanced feeding containing three main elements: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, as well as trace elements
... Some gardeners carry out top dressing earlier - within 1 - 1.5 weeks after planting.
During the growth period
During the period of active growth tomato bushes need fertilizing with nitrogen and phosphorus
The interaction of these two elements ensures the correct development of tomatoes.
The intake of phosphorus in the required amount stimulates the accelerated development of the root system, and a sufficient amount of nitrogen in the soil helps the bushes to gain green mass in a short time.
Tomato bushes begin to bloom about 1.5 - 2 months after planting seedlings in the open field, and in greenhouse conditions, these dates come a little earlier.
During this period, it is recommended to exclude the application of fertilizers with a high nitrogen content.
During fruit setting
At this time, plants especially need potassium and phosphorus, but fertilizers with a high nitrogen content should be abandoned. There are many complex preparations that can be used during this period, but organic supplements remain the safest.
The last main dressing of tomatoes is carried out to improve the taste of the fruits and their accelerated ripening. The main necessary elements for fertilizing already fruiting bushes are potassium, boron, manganese, iodine
When receiving such nutrition, the pulp of ripe fruits will be fleshy and sweet due to the accumulation of sugars. If we neglect this stage of the scheme, then the taste of the harvested fruits may be weak. All feeding should be stopped a couple of weeks before harvesting.
This calendar will help you find the answer to the question after how many days you can feed tomatoes in the open field and in a polycarbonate greenhouse.
|Plant development stage||Month||How many times (depends on the state of the tomatoes)||What substances are needed (in descending order of need)||Drugs|
|When planting in the ground||May||1|
|2 weeks after planting||1 – 2|
|During the growth period||1 – 2|
|During flowering||2 – 3|
|During fruit setting||2 – 3|
|During fruiting||2 – 3|
Above was given an approximate scheme for feeding tomatoes; in practice, the number of stages can vary if necessary. Everything will depend on the condition of the soil and the development of the bushes.
If the condition of the plants is deteriorated (leaves, stems and other parts of the plant do not look healthy, become stained, deformed or dry out), then this may indicate a lack of any particular element.
To improve the health of the bushes, it is necessary to add the missing nutrition to the soil - to carry out an extraordinary feeding of the plants.
Since the above scheme for feeding tomatoes is considered general, in specific cases it can change significantly. For example, if the planting sites for the culture were correctly fertilized in advance, then when planting seedlings, nothing is added to the soil, but simply spilled. They also do the same if the seedlings were fed before planting.
Tomatoes grown in separate containers must be fed according to the scheme
and possibly add fertilizers out of turn. Since the land is rapidly becoming poorer in limited quantities, it is necessary to constantly replenish its nutritional composition by introducing certain elements.
Many gardeners prefer to use inexpensive and affordable means as top dressing. For example, ammonia is used in different ways: for fertilizing the soil, processing plants, spraying and watering.
The main stages of the scheme when growing tomatoes in a greenhouse are no different
Considering that in the bulk beds and boxes of greenhouse structures, the amount of soil is limited, and such circulation of substances does not occur, as in the open ground, the scheme can be expanded by adding a number of foliar dressings to the main (root) ones.
The latter are the processing of the aerial part of the bush by spraying with a nutrient mixture. Summing up root and foliar dressings, greenhouse tomatoes are fed up to 10 times per season
... In this case, it is important to alternate these types of dressings with each other.
Despite the fact that when the fertilizer is sprayed onto the aerial part of the bush, it is absorbed faster, it is unnecessary it is not recommended to get carried away with spraying tomatoes - tomatoes react negatively to high humidity of leaves, stems and fruits
Depending on the reaction of tomatoes to the introduction of a particular top dressing at a certain stage of development, it is possible to evaluate its effectiveness. If this indicator does not satisfy the summer resident, then additional addition of fertilizers is recommended.
In such cases, the number of stages of the feeding scheme is reduced to 1 - 2. Most gardeners, with proper preparation of the soil for planting, begin to carry out any manipulations on feeding tomatoes only during flowering and fruiting. When drawing up a specific schedule for fertilizing tomatoes, one should be guided primarily by the stage of development and their condition.
The opinion of another gardener about the stages of feeding tomatoes is in the next video.
In addition to autumn dressings, it is also important to carry out some actions for caring for strawberries in order to prepare them for a safe winter. These include pruning leaves and mulching the soil. In addition, in the autumn, you should not stop watering the plant, since September is often still hot and dry weather. And, of course, it is necessary to eliminate all pests and cure diseases, if they appear on the plant, as well as remove diseased and decayed plant organs.
There is debate over whether it is advisable to prune strawberry leaves. Opponents of circumcision argue that in this way a person interferes with the natural processes of the development of a berry culture, which only causes harm. One of their arguments is that strawberries with healthy leaves can survive the winter without shelter, since they will protect the buds from frost. Proponents of this procedure argue that pruning can lead to an increase in yield next year.
If you decide to take this step, then you need to know how to properly prune so as not to harm the plant. After fruiting, the strawberry leaves are cut with scissors or shears. Better to do this in August. Only the sheet plate is cut off. It is important to leave the stems intact to avoid accidentally damaging the growing point. All antennae are also subject to removal.
Some owners of strawberry beds, at the same time as pruning, loosen and huddle the bushes.
Further, the beds are watered abundantly and the soil is mulched. Peat, coniferous needles, dry leaves, straw are used as mulch.
With little snow and very frosty winters, it is better to cover the strawberries. For this, branches of coniferous trees, straw, dry leaves, tops or special covering materials (agrotex, spandbod, etc.) are used. It is advisable to choose covering materials with a density of 60 g / sq. m and use them to tension the arc. When choosing natural shelters, preference should be given to spruce branches, which allow air to pass through well and does not allow strawberry bushes to rot.
It is important to remember that shelter should be carried out only after the first frost. This will allow the plant to harden.
Having information on what fertilizers to feed strawberries and how to help them survive the winter, you can count on the fact that if you follow these recommendations, the berry will certainly thank you with a rich, tasty and fragrant harvest next season.