When in early spring the sun begins to warm the earth, and before our eyes it transforms, a gloomy and gloomy garden blooms recently, the gardener or summer resident, yearning after a long colorless winter, happily meets even the most inconspicuous flowers, and even the appearance of more "noble" like a miracle.
Tulips, daffodils, pansies, hyacinths are always desirable in the first season in the flower garden. What a spring flower garden can do without bright colors! After the dull monotony of winter, a variety of colors of such familiar and beloved tulips will become its irreplaceable decoration. The color of their colors is very diverse: from white to dark purple and almost black, with all sorts of shades.
There are no only blue and blue tulips. In many varieties, the middle of the flower is especially beautiful - more often in the form of a black or yellow hexagon, star, triangle or circle. The size of flowers in height is from 3 to 10 cm, in diameter 5-7 cm.
And what a variety of forms! In gardening, simple and double tulip varieties are used. Simple flowers are round, cupped, goblet, oblong-oval, lily and parrot. In a flower garden, tulips with a simple shape are best used in natural compositions - under trees, among the lawn. But tulips with an exquisite flower shape look spectacular near the paths.
Tulips are a perennial crop, they can be grown in one place for two to three years or more, but every year the bulbs and flowers become smaller. Therefore, it is recommended to dig them out at least a year later for the summer.
In terms of the variety of colors, tulips are in no way inferior, and in the richness of combinations they even surpass their other early flowering plants - pansies or tricolor violet. The variety of their colors and color combinations is simply incredible: from pure white to almost black with all sorts of shades of yellow, blue, red.
There are varieties with purple, red, blue, bronze, pink, black, yellow, white, lavender, orange, apricot, burgundy, purple flowers. Moreover, the flowers are monochromatic, variegated, with an eye, two- and three-colored. Once a small and inconspicuous plant of meadows and fields - pansies - over the centuries of selection and hybridization has acquired the widest range of colors among the annuals. The modern varietal tricolor violet is distinguished by very abundant flowering.
Her varieties can become favorites in any flower garden: Heavenly Queen - the color of the flower when blooming is almost pure blue, but in the sun it fades and acquires a light lilac-blue tint. The flower reaches 4.5-5 cm in diameter. The height of the bush is 20 cm. The variety Triumph of Marta is also very attractive with a dark purple, and when fully blooming, an almost black flower with velvety petals.
Charming pansies are quite unpretentious to grow, however, as biennial plants, they require annual sowing. To obtain abundant flowering in early spring, pansies are sown on seedlings in the summer of the previous year.
Although recently, the method of growing pansies as annuals has become increasingly popular, according to which violet seeds are sown for seedlings in February. But it is believed (and the famous Russian gardener P.N. Steinberg wrote about this back in the 19th century) that pansy plants that bloom in the first year after sowing will never, despite any fertilizers and care, give especially large flowers.
Spring is not only a riot of colors, but also gentle transitions, overflows, halftones. Therefore, a spring flower garden cannot do without touching forget-me-nots, poetic daffodils and exquisite hyacinths - they will bring a subtle romantic stream and the charm of awakening nature to any spring garden.
At the end of May, in shady places under the canopy of trees, you can admire the overgrown blue carpet of forget-me-nots. The unpretentious alpine garden forget-me-not looks good both in the forest zone and in any garden flower garden, and it is especially indispensable in flower beds, where the assortment is replaced during the season.
Forget-me-not looks good in curbs, it is also used for planting in rockeries. The blue color of forget-me-nots can be shaded with deep blue, yellow or pink hyacinths, combined in compositions with tulips that do not have a blue tone in the palette.
It is good if a piece of a real forest is preserved on your site - decorative strawberries will perfectly fit into the forest zone, and in May it will delight you with soft pink or bright pink flowers, with a golden yellow middle. Moreover, its remontant varieties will bloom and bear fruit until the very autumn frosts. However, decorative strawberries grow well not only in a shady forest zone, but also in a sunny place, so it can be safely planted in borders, mixborders, singly and in mixed flower beds.
Daffodils do not amaze the imagination with the brightness and variety of colors, but they fully embody all that spring tenderness that is so lacking in winter.
Although their external fragility is only apparent - this adorable flower is able to stubbornly germinate even under the snow and endure light frosts. Depending on your imagination, the white patterned waves of daffodils in the flowerbed can be folded into some kind of drawing, an intricate ornament, or decorate the lawn in front of the windows of a country house in a picturesque mess. Daffodils, especially white ones, will emphasize the richness of the rich tones of tulips and create a wonderful decorative effect with almost any plants blooming in spring: forget-me-nots, primroses, hyacinths.
They are very attractive and appropriate everywhere: under a tree, on the banks of a river or reservoir, among stones in a rock garden or on a lawn. Growing daffodils is best in open and slightly shaded areas. In large shade, they give small flowers on thin elongated peduncles and bloom 5-6 days later. In areas strongly lit and blown by the wind, on the contrary, they bloom earlier, but quickly fade and shed their leaves. Daffodils grow in any cultivated soil, except in low places where there may be stagnant water.
We should not forget that with the arrival of summer, the greenery of tulips, daffodils, hyacinths will fade, leaving bare unsightly places in the garden or in the flower garden. For this reason, it is necessary to prematurely think over the immediate neighborhood of the bulbous: they, for example, can be combined with lushly growing perennials, the foliage and stems of which grow just in time for the bulbous flowering.
Maria Vorobyova, Pushkin
Photo by the author
Otherwise, a path that goes out of sight. Large gardens are only good if you use vistas that encourage you to follow the paths and discover the area. In a word, travel. On small plots up to 2 acres, the creation of such effects is impossible, but starting from 3-4 acres you have the opportunity to use the space in order to create a whole park.
An intriguing perspective. Photo from gardendrum.com
Perspective is, first of all, intrigue. And landscape gardening art is a tool for its creation. The winding paths, which narrow and widen, create the effect of "fluidity" of the space, which allows you to perceive the garden as a place for interesting and new discoveries.
The style of landscape design reflects the uniqueness of the site, individuality, spirituality, "religion". There are about two dozen landscape styles, and there are hundreds of their compositions and hybrids.
There are many different landscape styles that are popular and used in landscaping and landscaping, they are not limited to a strict choice of types and directions. Most people try to start with a direction that matches the exterior of the home and the personal preference of the customer. And while we will reveal the essence of many, basic styles, you will find one that is close to you, and maybe create your own, inimitable, unique. Numerous photo styles of landscape design help you do this.
All types and directions can be divided into 2 large groups: historical and modern.
All photos are enlarged
Historical trends took shape in a certain era and reflect the spiritual values of peoples, the way of life, etc.
Traditional Japanese gardens are meant for peaceful contemplation. They draw on Taoist philosophy and strive to provide a spiritual home for its guests. The main focus is on nature. Therefore, clear geometric shapes and artificial stone are not common in eastern landscapes. The Japanese style is perfect for confined spaces, many of the elements are miniature, but capable of carrying a deep, hidden meaning.
There are four main elements in Japanese design: natural stones, water, plants, and jewelry. When choosing and organizing elements, it includes asymmetry, oriental landscapes, component balance and symbolism. These principles work together and are the foundation.
Recommendations for Japanese-style landscaping:
The best Japanese designs rely on the concept of asymmetry and balance using their core elements.
Like everything oriental, the Chinese style has a deep spiritual meaning. An integral part of this direction is water, paths pass in close proximity to the reservoirblocking the streams with stone bridges, observation decks made of wood hang over the very edge of the water.
Inspired by the coastal regions of Spain, Italy and France, this garden style combines dilapidated materials and scented plants with accents of Mediterranean culture. Terracotta pots and flowerpots, tiered fountains, sculptures, Roman columns are special features of this style... The palette in the Mediterranean landscape is provided by plants that provide texture, color and an indescribable aroma of lavender, cypress trees, boxwood bushes and ornamental grasses.
Mediterranean style practically excludes the use of lawns... Plants and herbs are placed in hanging flowerpots or floor tubs, ceramic pots. Pergolas are often used; the decor contains sea shells, fishing nets, Greek clay amphorae.
Postulates in the Mediterranean garden
Because of the ideal climate, the people of the Mediterranean led an open lifestyle. For hundreds of years, they have been in the garden, socializing and eating outdoors.
Multilevel fountains can be found in almost every garden. They can be quite simple or covered with elaborate carvings and statues.
Herb gardens are very common all over the world. During the Middle Ages, people living near the Mediterranean grew herbs and used both culinary and medicinal herbs.
All elements of the classic style have strictly geometric shapes... Everything is calculated with mathematical precision. Paths and platforms, their location, trees, hedges, fountains - everything has its own strict form.
The center of such a landscape is a palace or a building in the classical style, it is located on a hill and can be seen from afar. The entire park layout is subordinated to the central building, radiant paths diverge to the sides from round platforms, on which there are magnificent fountains and majestic statues.
In the immediate vicinity of the palace, there is a clear dominance of artificial ( architectural elements, statues, fountains, balustrades, platforms etc.) over natural (trees, hedges, lawns and flower beds).
Moving away from the central building, natural forms begin to prevail. Trees, bushes, lawn areas are of ever larger forms, architectural elements are smaller and they are smaller.
The classic style presupposes the presence of large territories, considerable costs, and constant service.
The origin of this style is America. In terms of its composition, it is country style, suggesting simplicity, comfort and uncomplicatedness. Forms as simple as possible, cheerfulness, an abundance of colors of growing flowers. The garden in this style is simple, minimal maintenance, does not require neatness. No exclusive, ornamental plants and flowers. Everything we can see every day in the village: clover lawns, dandelions, sunflowers, wicker reed roofs.
Decor elements, garden furniture, inventory should look unprepossessing and old-fashioned. Everything suggests that it was done by human hands without the use of special tools.
The simplest materials are used: clay, wood, natural stone, vine, etc. A vegetable garden is an integral part of this rustic style, fruit trees, bushes, berries.
The Moorish Garden is an oasis in the middle of the desert. Moorish style has regular shapes and lines... But these lines are not the same as in the classical landscape, the oriental ornament is repeated here.
If you imagine the Sultan's palace, then the Moorish garden is exactly it. Lush vegetation, fragrant, flower gardens, fountains, ponds and gurgling water canals, everything that is so lacking in the desert that only a sultan can afford.
Water bodies are often small and rectangular, shallow - the mark of a constant lack of water and its careful use. If the Chinese and Japanese style use ponds that are as close to natural as possible, right angles prevail in Moorish: rectangular reservoirs, straight water channels, diverge at an angle of 90 °.
Modern styles of landscape design are not a mirror of a particular culture and era, they do not reflect the way of life, way of life, geographic location, etc. Modern trends in landscape art are a challenge to traditions and established charters, a new type of art that breaks stereotypes.
The Art Nouveau style denies the prevailing dogmas of the early directions. Modern ( French - "new"). Typical features are a variety of shapes and designs, the use of new materials, the frequent use of smooth lines, not observing symmetry.
Plants play a special role.Here it is not just vegetation, part of nature, it is an element of decor. Plants can take shape, but unlike the classical landscape, where the plants are perfect, the forms are cloned, in modernism they have a certain carelessness, there are no repetitions, texture and color are appreciated... Unusual plants with a bizarrely curved trunk and branches, an unusually developed crown are appreciated, and these are rarely exotic plants, oak, ash, maple, mountain ash, conifers are also used. Flowers in Art Nouveau: irises, lilies, phlox, daffodils, primroses, etc.
There is a clear zoning in the Art Nouveau landscape. Different parts of the garden have their own purpose, special functionality, but they never dominate each other, everything is in harmony.
Water is also readily used, from clear and straight lines of reservoirs to winding streams and cascades.
Be careful not to overdo it, the modern style is intricate and harmonious.
Hi-tech is saturated with novelty, unusual shapes... Modern materials are used in this style, both symmetry and asymmetry are possible. High-tech landscapes always look trendy, it seems that the garden was created in the distant future. Plants must be selected with special emphasis and unusual shapes.
This style is easy to maintain and does not require constant maintenance.
Discreet, modern, concise... At first glance, this is an easy-to-execute style, but it is not. The number of decorative elements is very limited, but the landscape should look complete and have its own personality.
Simplicity and functionality... Anything pretentious is alien to this style.
And this is a far from complete list of stylistic decisions. Scandinavian, English, "fantasy", postmodernism, baroque, exotic or tropical, alpine, etc. Landscaping styles can complement each other or be authentic, suitable for specific areas or not. But in such a variety of currents and directions, you will definitely find something of your own.
(2 estimates, average: 1,00 out of 5)
10 acres is the optimal size of the site. It is quite possible to cope with the landscape design of such a territory on your own. Win-win options are shown in the photo.
This project has taken into account all the little things
A neat pond can be easily made by hand
Colored wood chips are an inexpensive and effective decorative element
The maximum amount of greenery - concise and calm
Stylish gabion combined with a flower bed
Competent layout of the suburban area
Zoning is the main principle of arranging a small area
The unusual shape of the beds turns them into makeshift flower beds
Multifunctional zones - a real find for a small yard
Universal site layout option
Read also: Do-it-yourself children's house for a summer residence: photos, drawings, step-by-step instructions
It is much more difficult to organize a monochrome garden than a contrast one: you need to carefully select plants that should be the same in color, but differ in the flowering period.
Let's figure out how to improve a monochrome site.
First, you need to decide on the color. You can make the flower bed plain and use plants in it that bloom, for example, only white or only pink flowers. But there is another option: take similar shades and compose a monochrome composition from them.
It is better to use the color wheel for the correct color selection.
Contrasting colors are considered that are located in a coloristic circle opposite each other: red - green, purple - yellow, blue - orange.
Close colors - those that are in the circle next door: blue - violet, violet - red, red - orange, orange - yellow.
The circle also contains shades of primary colorseg burgundy - red - pink.
Therefore, to build a monochrome flower bed, you need to take either two colors close in the color circle, or choose one color and decide on its shades.
When you have decided on the color, you need to choose a place for the flower garden, since the "assortment" of plants will also depend on this. The fact is that not all plants can grow on the same soil. Some like wet soil, others are afraid of "wet feet", some prefer light sandy soil, others like heavier soil, some are able to do without fertilizing, others cannot develop well in depleted soil.
Among other things, when choosing plants, you need to take into account the period of their flowering, height and the need for lighting (light, shadow, partial shade).